Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
Heads of State of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The 1937 regency-act stipulates that if The Queen is suffering from temporary illness or is absent abroad for more than a few days she may appoint Counsellors of State. She may delegate certain functions of the monarch in Britain, the dependencies, and other territories to them. Commonwealth matters go straight to The Queen, wherever she may be. Any two Counsellors of State may attend Privy Council meetings and they may sign routine documents; they cannot, for example, dissolve Parliament - except on The Queen's express instructions - nor create peers.

At present, Counsellors of State are appointed from among the following: The Duke of Edinburgh, The Queen Mother, and the four adults next in succession (provided they have reached the age of 21).

See also Substates and United Kingdoms Ministers

Ladies of high birth and quality sat in council with the Saxon Witas - i. e., wise men - taking part in the Witenagemot, the great National Council. In the seventh century this National Council met at Baghamstead to enact a new code of laws, the Queen, abbesses, and many ladies of quality taking
part and signing the decrees. In the reign of Henry III that four women took seats in Parliament, and in the reign of Edward I ten ladies were called to Parliament

.........Legenday Queen Gwendolen of the Britons
Married to King Locrinus of the Britons until she defeated him in battle and took on the leadership of Britain herself according to Geoffrey of Monmouth. She was the daughter of Corineus of Cornwall and had one son, Maddan. Locrinus was in love with Estrildis, the daughter of the king of Germany whom he rescued from Humber the Hun, though. When Corineus finally died, Locrinus left Gwendolen and married Estrildis. Gwendolen fled to Cornwall and built up an army. She met Locrinus in battle and defeated him. Following Locrinus's death, Gwendolen took the throne and led in the manner her father had in Cornwall. She ordered the murder of Estrildis and her daughter Habren and named the river they were thrown into Severn (Habren). She reigned peacefully for fifteen years after Locrinus's death until she abdicated in favor of her son, Maddan. She lived the remainder of her life in Cornwall. At the time of her death, Samuel was judge in Judea, Aeneas Silvius was ruling Alba Longa, and Homer was gaining fame in Greece.

........Legenday Queen  Queen Cordelia of the Britons
As accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, she was the youngest and favorite daughter of Leir and the second ruling queen of Britain. When Leir decided to divide his kingdom between his daughters, Cordelia, Goneril and Regan and their husbands, Cordelia refused to flatter him. In response, Leir refused her any land in Britain or the blessing of any husband. Regardless, Aganippus, the king of the Franks, courted her and Leir granted the marriage but denied him any dowry. She moved to Gaul and lived there for many years. Leir was eventually exiled from Britain and fled to Cordelia in Gaul, seeking a restoration of his throne which had been seized by his other daughters' husbands. She raised an army and invaded Britain, defeating the ruling dukes and restoring Leir. After Leir's death three years later, her husband Aganippus died and Cordelia returned to Britain and was crowned queen.Cordelia ruled peacefully for five years until her sisters' sons came of age. They were the dukes of Cornwall and Albany, Marganus and Cunedagius and they despised the rule of a woman when they claimed proper descent to rule. They raised armies and fought against Cordelia, who fought in person at numerous battles. She was eventually captured and imprisoned by her nephews. In her grief, she committed suicide. Cunedagius succeeded her in the kingship of Britain in the lands southwest of the Humber. Marganus ruled the region northeast of the Humber. Civil war broke out between them soon after.

........Legendary Queen Marcia of the Britons
As accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, she became queen after the death of Guithelin and ruled as regent for her son, Sisillius.In her youth, she was the Queen consort of Guithelin, the king of Britain, but at his death, her son was only seven so she ruled in his stead. She was a noblewoman and knowledgeable in all the arts as well as in law. She invented a law known as Lex Martiana (The Laws of Marcia). It was later translated into English by King Alfred the Great who renamed it Mercian Law. Marcia ruled over all of Britain for many years and was succeeded by her son, Sisillius II.

946-55 Politically Influential Dowager Queen Eadgifu of England
A dominant force during the reign of her son Eared in that period.  

1001-42 Politically Influental and Partner in Power Queen Emma de Normandie of England 
Also known as Alfgifu, and is thought to have been sharing the royal lordship with her husband, King Æthelred II of England, who died 1116, but her power seems to have been limited by the fact that she was his second or third wife. In the years 1013-16 England was conquered by King Knud of Denmark, 1014-15 she and her husband sought refuge by her relatives in Normandy. Knud defeated her stepson and claimed the throne. Her marriage to him was both a sign of reconciliation and a demonstration of his power with her as the symbol of both the English defeat and continuity. And it became the culmination of her power and she became the most visible Queen so far. During Knud's frequent visits to Denmark, where he had become king in 1019, her role was close to that of a regent. When Knud died, his son from an earlier marriage, Harald Harefod, claimed the throne and she had to fight to secure the interests of her own son. She maintained the control of the treasury and tax collection from her Dowry in the City of Winchester. When Harald's grip on England strenghtened, she was send in exile to Flanders, but when he died in 1040, she returned to England with her son, Hardeknud, and during his two years on the throne, she again shared the power, but when her oldest son, Edward succeeded to the throne, he confiscated her estates and trasures and she withdrew permanently to Winchester. She was daughter of Duke Richard I of Normandy and Gunnor, and lived (980's-1052).

1072-78 Regent Queen Mathilda of Flanders
Her husband, William the
Conqueror, stayed in his Duchy Normandie for about 11 years without visiting England and during this time she was in charge of the government. Mother of about 11 children, she lived (circa 1031-78)

1100-08 Politically Influential Queen Mathilde of Scotland of England 
Born Princess of Scotland, she was very powerful and acted as regent during her husband, Henry I's stays abroad. (d. 1008).

1141-47/52 Sovereign Lady Domina Mathilde
1141 Queen Regnant (2/2-September) [8th of April-1st of November]
Matilda or Maud was the only daughter of Henry V of England and 1127 she was hailed as her father's successor and her cousin, Stephen de Blois, swore an oath recognizing her as heir, but broke it after Henry's death, and in her absence he usurped the title. She e claimed the throne of England in 1139 and deposed King Stephen in April 1141. Elected "Lady of the English". Her forces were routed at Winchester in September 1141, and thereafter she maintained a steadily weakening resistance in the west country. Left England in 1148 and returned to Normandy, where she was Duchess Regnant here (1135-67). Her son, Henri d'Anjou, became King Henry II. She lived (1102-67)

1155, 1158 1160, 1189-91, 1192 and 1199 Regent Queen Eleanore de Aquitanie
1165-66 Regent of Normandie
She was Duchess Regnant of Aquitanie et Pouitou, Guenne et Gascongne 1137-1204. The first three times she was regent during her husband, King Henry d'Anjou's stay in his French possessions. She was regent for mother-in-law, Empress Mathilde, in Normandy, regent during Richard IIs crusades and after his death regent until her younger son, Count John d'Anjou came to England to take over the throne. She lived (1122-1204) See also France Substates.

1253-54 Keeper and Governor Queen Eleanor de Provence (06.08-29.05)
She was appointed to "keep and govern the realm of England and the lands of Wales and Ireland, with the counsel of Richard, earl of Cornwall, during her husband, Henry III's war in France to defend his territories in Gascogne. She was adviced by a Council, but she was in charge of the government, even when giving birth to a daughter in November. Eleanor was very influential during her husband's reign. Her
determined resistance to baronial reform and her key part in bringing about the fall of Simon de Montfort's government invite new appraisal. After her husband's death in 1271 she was the only person in the realm anointed to the royal estate, she gave her consent to the breaking of the old seal and making of the new and the declaration of the ne king's peace, but she did not act as regent in the period until her son, Edward I returned to England. As a widow she was in control of her wast dowry in Amesbury. In 1286 she entered a convent, but was still sometimes consulted by her son, Edward I. She was daughter of Raymond Bergengar, count of Provence and Beatrice of Province. Her sister Marguerite was married to Louis IX of France, Sanchia to Richard, Earl of Cornwall and the youngest Beatrice to Charles, Count d'Anjou. The youngest sister inherited Province. Eleanor was mother of nine children of whom four survived to adulthood. She lived (1217-91).

1326-27 Regent Dowager Queen Isabella de France
Married to Edward II, who was known for his homosexuality. During the civil war Isabella went home to France, but in 1326 she landed in England with her son and her lover Roger Mortimer,  and almost 3.000 men and deposed her husband, who died shortly after. She and Mortimer became regents for her son, Edward III. Mortimer and Isabella became Regents of England. After Edward came of age had Mortimer arrested and hanged. Isabella's wealth was confiscated and her income limited, and she was confined to Castle Rising in Norfolk 31 years. After her brother King Charles IV of France's death, Edward III claimed throne of France through his mother - and so began what is known as the Hundred Years' War. Isabella lived (1292-1358)

1330 Regent Queen Philippa de Hainault
Her husband Edward III appointed her regent on many occasions when he was absent on the Continent. When the Scots invaded England as far south as Durham (1346), Philippa raised an army, winning the battle of Neville's Cross, and taking the Scottish King David II Bruce (d.1371) prisoner. Philippa was responsible for the introduction of weaving into England. She was the patron of poets and musicians. Philippa herself survived the Black Death (1348) - but her daughter Joanna, en route to marry the Castilian Prince Pedro the Cruel, was struck down and died. Philippa was  daughter of Count Guillaume III de Avesnes of Hainault and Holland (d.1337) and Jeanne de Valois (d.1352). She had 11 children and lived (1311-69) 

1377-85 Politically Influential Dowager Princess Joan of Kent of Wales in England
Her husband, Edward, Prince of Wales died in 1376, and the following year her son became, Richard II, under a Council of Regency until he came of age in 1390. Joan was daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, earl of Kent, youngest son of Edward I, and Margaret de Wake, 3ed. Baroness Wake of Lydell. She early gained wide note for her beauty and charm and became knowna s the Fair Maid of Kent. Her marriage to the earl of Salisbury was annulled on the grounds of a precontract with Sir Thomas Holland, whom she then married and became mother of four children. Upon the death of her brother in 1352 she became Countess of Kent in her own right. In 1361, after Holland's death, she married Edward the Black Prince, by whom she had two sons, Edward (1365–70) and Richard. In 1378 she was instrumental in halting proceedings against John Wyclif, though there is insufficient evidence to determine if she accepted his doctrines. As long as she lived, she was probably the principal influence on her son Richard II. She lived (1328–85).

1422-28 Guardian Dowager Queen Catherine de Valois of England
Her husband, Henry VI died suddenly in 1422 and she was effectively exiled from court, suspicion falling on her nationality, and passed over as regent for her son Henry V by her brothers-in-law and kept away from her son. She entered a relationship and later married Owen Tudor, a Welsh courtier, who would become the founding father of the Tudor dynasty. Of their five children, two sons, Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond and Jasper Tudor, 1st Duke of Bedford, were to play an important role in the future of the English monarchy. She was daughter of King Charles VI of France and Isabeau de Bavière, and lived (1401-37
).

1445-53 De-facto in charge of the government Queen Margaret d'Anjou
She tended to dominate her husband, Henry VI, and was very determined to keep him on throne during the War of the Roses between the Lancastrians and Yorkists. She headed the Lancastrian forces, and also controlled the government during her husbands fits of insanity (1445 -53).  She lived (1429-82) 

1464-83 Politically Influential Queen Elizabeth Woodville of England
1475 Guardian of the Keeper of the Realm
In 1464 she was married privately to King Edward IV, who reigned (1461-70 and 1471-83). Apparently she was a greedy, unscrupulous woman who insisted on the King showering lands and wealth on all her relations. In 1470 her husband was in exile and she had to take sanctuary at WestMinister. When her husband dies, she take sanctuary again. The most extraordinary point in her career was reached when the wily Richard III tempted her to come to his Court again and she went through some sort of reconciliation with him. Henry VII never trusted her and, in 1487, she went to reside in the nunnery at Bermondsey on a pension. She was daughter of Sir Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, and Jacquetta, Duchess of Bedford, of the house of Luxemburg, she had first been married Sir John Grey of Groby, a Lancastrian, who fell at St. Albans in 1461. By him she had two sons. With Edward she had 10 children, among whom was Elizabeth of York, who married Henry VII and the "Princes in the Tower", Edward V and his brother, Richard, Duke of York, who were murdered, apparently, by their uncle, Richard III. She lived (1437-65).


1485-1509 Politically influential Lady Margaret Beaufort in England
She was influential during the reign of her son, Henry VII Tudor, who inherited the throne through her. She was the daughter of John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset and Margaret Beauchamp, and was married at the age of about 7 to John De La Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk, but the union was later dissolved. Henry VI, who had no children always looked upon the Beauforts as possible heirs and, in 1455, married the 12 year old Margaret to his own maternal half-brother, Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, who died 1556, the same year their son was born. She, soon afterward, married Henry Stafford, the second son of the Duke of Buckingham, and submitted to the Yorkist rule; but, after the Battle of Tewkesbury, she was obliged to send her son, Henry to seek refuge in Bretagne. Margaret's fourth husband was a pronounced Yorkist, Thomas, Lord Stanley, afterwards Earl of Derby; but his final defection from Richard III on the field of Bosworth secured the victory to his stepson, Henry VII. Margaret, though she seldom appeared at her son's court, remained, until her death, his constant correspondent and one of his wisest advisers. She took vows of religion in 1504, but continued to live out of a nunnery, although she had founded several. Also a very learned person, she lived (1441-1509).

1513 Governor of the Realm and Captain General of the King's Forces Queen Catherine of Aragón of England, Wales and Ireland
She was in charge of the government during the absence of her husband on campaign in France between 30 June and 21 October 1513. She had authority to raise troops and to make appointments, and was provided with a council headed by Archbishop Warham, the lord chancellor. Following the death of her first husband, Prince Arthur of England, she married his brother Henry VIII. Her father's continuous treachery towards his English allies may have weakened the King's affection for Catherine, but it seems more probable that it was the successive deaths of four children, and the fact that only one girl - Queen Mary Tudor - survived from their union, that gradually cooled her husband's affection and led him to question the original validity of his marriage. In 1533 Henry divorced her and broke with the Catholic church, and she lived in confinement until her death. She was daughter of Queen Isabel I of Castilla and Ferdinand of Aragón and initially heir to her father, but her sister, Juana La Loca, inherited both Countries. Catherine lived (1485-1536).


1529-35 Politically Influential Queen Anne Boleyn of England
Her father, Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire and Ormonde, was a diplomat and as a childe was offered a place at the court of Margareta of Habsburg, Regent of the Netherlands. She later became a lady-of-waiting to Queen Claude of France and of Queen Catherine of Aragon when she returned to England. In 1525 Henry VIII also fell in love with her and began his pursuit, she refused until he proposed marriage to her sometime in 1527. She managed to have Cardinal Wolsey, who opposed their marriage, removed from power in 1529, and she became the most powerful person at Court where she had a great say over appointments and political matters. She clashed heads with the king’s new chief minister, Sir Thomas More, who was a bitter enemy of religious freedom and reform. When the Pope refused to accept their marriage, she suggested that he should follow the advice of religious radicals like William Tyndale who denied Papal Authority and believed that the monarch should lead the Church of his own nation. When the devoutly Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury died, Anne had her family’s chaplain – Thomas Cranmer – appointed to the vacant position. She also facilitated the rise of Thomas Cromwell, who became the king’s favorite new adviser, though she would later regret this. During this period, she also played an enormous role in England's international position, by solidifying the French alliance. She established an excellent rapport with the French ambassador, Giles de la Pommeraye. She was appointed Marchioness of Pembroke before their secret marriage in 1532. In 1533 a public wedding was coducted and Catherine was formally stripped of her title as queen in time for Anne’s coronation in May 1533 and the "break with Rome. In September her only daughter, the later Queen Elizabeth, was born. The marriage soon began breaking down and she had a misscarriage in 1534 and 1536. Henry began a relationship to Jane Seymour and in order to be able to marry her, he accused her of adultery and had her executed. She lived (circa 1507-36).

1544 Governor of the Realm Queen
Katherine Parr of England
During her husband, Henry VIII Tudor's stay in France

1553  Jane, Queen of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England and Ireland
Lady Jane was proclaimed Queen on July 10 and the Council of the Realm recognized her claim. The rightful heir, Edward's sister, Mary Tudor, had the support of the populace, and on July 19 even Suffolk, who by now despaired of success in the plans for his daughter, attempted to retrieve his position by proclaiming Mary Queen. Lady Jane was later executed (as was her husband) in 1554 having lived (1537-54, was beheaded)

1553-58 Queen Mary I Tudor, Queen of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England and Ireland [July 19, 1553 - 1554]
Mary was the daughter of Henry VIII and Spanish Princess Catherine of Aragon. 

1558-1603  Elizabeth I  Tudor, Queen of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England and Ireland [July 19, 1553 - 1554]
Elizabeth, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, came to the throne at the death of her sister Mary on November 17, 1558. 

1567-1625 Politically influential Queen Anna af Danmark of Scotland and England
The newest research shows that she was very influential during the reign of her husband, James VI of Scotland and from 1603 James I1 of England. She was a shrewd and powerful player in the court politics of Scotland and, later, England. Her influence can be seen in James's choices for advisors and beneficiaries of royal attention. She also developed an alternative court and sponsored  many of the other artistic ventures in one of the most productive and innovative periods of English cultural  history. James's and Anna's longstanding dispute over the  raising of the heir, Henry, caused a major scandal of the time and was suspected as a plot against the king's  safety. In order to assert her own power, Anna actually  forced a miscarriage upon herself, an extraordinary event that is referred to in much unnoticed contemporary diplomatic correspondence.  She lived (1574-1619)

1625-49 Politically Influential Queen Henrietta Maria de France of England
Very influential during the reign of her husband, Charles I (1625-49). She married him in 1625 and although she was devoted and loyal to her husband, her Roman Catholic faith made her suspect in England. By her negotiations with the pope, with foreign powers, and with English army officers, she added to the suspicions against Charles that helped to precipitate the English civil war in 1642. After 1644 she lived in France, making continual efforts to secure foreign aid for her husband until his execution in 1649. She remained very active in the fight for her son's restoration, and returned to England in 1660, but resumed living in France five years later. Her influence may have affected the religious beliefs of her sons Charles II and James II, although she herself was unsuccessful in her attempts to convert them to Catholicism. She was daughter of Henri IV of France, mother of seven children of whom only three survived into adulthood, and lived (1609–69).

1689-94 HM Mary II Stuart, Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England and Ireland
Mary I's husband, William III of Oranje,  was king until 1702. She gave birth to at least three still-born children. Mary died of smallpox at the age of 32.


1671-85 Politically Influential Duchess Louise Renée de Kéroualle of Portsmouth in England
French mistress of Charles II of England. She exerted a powerful influence over the king in favour of France until his death in 1685. She was made Duchess of Portsmouth and d'Aubigny in 1673 and was the mother by the king, of Charles Lennox, duke of Richmond. She was hated by many English as a French-Catholic menace, she stayed mostly in France after 1685, and lived (1649–1734).

1702-1714 Queen Anne Stuart, Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England and Ireland
She and her husband, Danish Prince Jørgen (George) and gave birth to 13 still-born children and had 5 other children who all died in infancy. Prince William, Duke of Gloucester (1689-1700) was the one who lived longest. Queen Anne lived (1665-1714)


1705-14 Politically Influential Lady Abigail Masham in United Kingdom of Great Britain 
In 1704 she became bedchamber woman to Queen Anne through the influence of her cousin Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough. In 1707 she married Samuel Masham (later a baron), a groom to Anne’s husband, Prince George of Denmark. Abigail Masham gradually supplanted the Duchess of Marlborough in the Queen’s affection and became the instrument through which Robert Harley, her kinsman, exerted his influence on Anne. In 1714, however, they quarreled with and she, secured his dismissal as lord treasurer, and assured Viscount Bolingbroke (Henry St. John) of supreme political power. After Anne’s death (1714), she lived in retirement until her death in 1734.     

1729 (May-August), 1732, 1735 and 1736-1737 (May-January) Guardian of the Kingdom of Great Britain, and His Majesty's Lieutenant within the same during His Majesty's absence Queen Caroline von Brandenburg
She was regent four times during the stays of her husband, Georg II, in Hannover and politically influential during his whole reign (1727-37). Also Co-Heiress of Sayn-Altenkirchen
through her mother, whose mother Johanette reigned as Countess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen.

1837-1901 Victoria, By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Queen, Defender of the Faith
1876-1901 Empress of India
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England and Ireland. Victoria lived (1819-1901)

1928-29 and 1936 Counsellor of State HM Queen Mary of Teck of  the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

1941 Counsellor of State Queen HM Elizabeth of United Kingdom and Great Britain and  Ireland
1953-54 Senior Counsellor of State (Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother
1954-2002 Counsellor of State on various occations
1979-2002 Lord Warden of the Confederation of the Cinque Ports and Admiral of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover Castle
The wife of king George VI (1895-1936-52), she acted as regent on a number of occasions during his absence from the country. In 1953 after her daughter's accession to the throne she was reappointed councellor of state and has acted as such on many occasions since. Cinque Ports was a Confederation of the Cinque Ports - today the title is purely honorific. Elizabeth lived (1900-2002).

1939, 1943, 1944 Counsellor of State HRH The Duchess of Fife, Princess Alexandra of United Kingdom and Great Britain and Northern Ireland. She lived (1891-1957)

1943 Counsellor of State HH Princess Maud Duff of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Countess of Southeask

1944 and 1951 Counsellor of State Princess Elizabeth of United Kingdom and Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1952- Elizabeth II of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Defender of the Faith, Head of the Commonwealth (06.02-)
In 1944 she acted as regent during her father's stay abroad. She had the title of Queen of Great Britain, Ireland and British Overseas Dominions 1952-53 and she is also Lord of Man, Duke of Normandy (Channel Islands) and Duke of Lancaster.
From 1952-53 her official title was By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith. Today she is Queen of 16 other countries a number which has fluctuated quite a lot. She is married to Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, who became a British citizen and took the name of his maternal uncle, Mountbatten, before their marriage in 1947. Afterwards Duke of Edinburgh and Prince of UK. She is mother of four children. (b. 1926-).

1947 Counsellor of State HRH The Princess Royal, Princess Mary  of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Countess of Harewood
The sister of king George VI (1895-1936-52), she lived (1897-1965)]

1951-85 Counsellor of State HRH Princess Margaret of United Kingdom and Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Countess Snowdon
As the younger sister of Queen Elizabeth II, she acted as Counsellor of State on various occasions until her youngest nephew, Prince Edward, turned 21. Among others Special Representative of the Queen to the Independence Celebrations of Jamaica in 1962, Domencia and Tuvalu 1978 and of Antigua and Barbuda and of Saint Christopher and Nevis in 1980. Mother of two children. She lived (1930-2002)

Circa 1960-80 Counsellor of State HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent, Lady Ogilvy
The daughter of Queen Elizabeth's late cousin, the Duke of Kent, she acted as Counsellor of State during the minority of the closest heirs to the throne, and among others special representative of the Queen at the independence Celebrations of Nigeria in 1960 and Saint Lucia 1979. Mother of two children. (b. 1936-)

1971-2003 Counsellor of State HRH The Princess Royal, Princess Anne of United Kingdom and Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
1999- Golden Stick in Waiting (A ceremonial role)
The only daughter of Queen Elizabeth she has acted as Counsellor of State on many occasions when her mother was abroad. She was replaced by Prince William of Wales upon his 21st birthday. Married twice and mother of two children. (b. 1950-)

 

Last update 06.01.12