Poland Substates

madWorldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
Female Heads of Poland Substates

Also see Poland Heads of State and Also see Poland Ministers (At the time many of the Principalities were part of the German Empire)

From 1163 to 1639, Lower Silesia experienced 56 separate acts of partition involving some 27 different districts.

Poland was dominated by Ordynacja, which was introduced in late 16th century by king Stefan Batory. Many Polish magnates fortunes were based on ordynacja, among them those of Radziwiłłs, Zamoyski's, Czartoryski's, Potocki's and Lubomirski's. Most important ordynacja were veritable little principalities. A few were inherited by women.

B D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W (Se below for Owerseers of the Crown Lands)

B

Bierutów and Oleśnica (Bierutov and Olesnica)(Bernstadt and Oels) (Principality in Slesia)

1471-75 Reigning Dowager Duchess Małgorzata
Widow of Duke Konrad IX of Bierutów and Olsnica, and held the duchy as her dowry. Her daughter, Barbara was Duchess from 1475.

 

Brieg (Brzeg)
 (Principality in Slesia)

1586-95 Reigning Dowager Duchess Barbara of Brandenburg
Also known as Brandenburska, she was the wife of Duke Georg von Brieg (Jerzy II of Brzeg).


B
rieg and Ohlau (Brzeg-Olawa)  (Principality in Slesia)

1352-58 Reigning Dowager Duchess Katharina Subić of Brzeg-Oława
Also known as Katarzyna Subić, she held the duchy as her dowry after the death of her husband, Bolesław III of Liegnitz in Slesia. She was daughter of croatian ban Mladen II. She (d. 1358).

Lubin

1358-62 Reigning Dowager Duchess Agnethe von Sagan
Also known as Agnieszka, she was daughter of Duke Henryk II Wierny of Żagań and Matylda from Bavaria. Her first husband, Duke Leszek of Racibórz died in 1336, and between 1341 and 1345 she married Duke Ludwig von Brieg (Ludwik I of Brzeg), who gave her half of his land and cities as her dowry in 1358. With Ludwig she had 6 children: Henryk z Blizna, Wacław, Małgorzata, Jadwiga, Katarzyna and another daughter. She lived (1312/1321-1362)

Bytom-Kozielsk  (Beuthen)  (Principality in Slesia)

1354/5-57 De-facto Reigning Dowager Duchess Małgorzata Morawska in Bytom
After the death of her husband, Bolesław of Bytom, she held the Duchy as her dowry, though her reign was desputed. Also known as Margaret of Moravia, she was daughter of Johan von Sternberk.

D

Dobrzyń (Dobrzyn)

1267-75 Regent Dowager Duchess Euphrosine von Opplen
1267-75 Regent of Kujawy-Łęczyca.
Also known as Eufrozyna Opolska, After the death of her husband, Duke Kazimierz of Kujawy, she became regent for her three sons: Władysław I Łokietek (since 1320 king of Poland), Siemowit and Kazimierz. 1275 she married Duke Mściwój II of Pomorze Gdańskie - they divorced in 1288). She was the daughter of Wiola and Duke Kasimir von Ratibor-Opplen (Kazimierz of Racibórz-Opole).  and lived (1228/30-1292/94).

1312-around1316 Regent Dowager Duchess Anastazja of Lalicz
After the death of her husband, Duke Siemowit, she became regent for her sons. She was daughter of Prince Lew of Halicz.

G

Galicia-Lvov

1323-41 Heiress Maria
In 1323 her brother's Andrei of Galicia and Volynia and Lev II of Lutsk were killed, and she and her niece, Eufemia, Heiress of Volynia-Lutsk, inherited the lands. She was daughter of King Yuriy I of Galicia (1252-1301-08) and his second wife, Eufemia of Kujavia (d.1308), and was married to Prince Trojden I of Masovia (d. 1341). Her grandfather, Lev, had been king of Galicia 1269-1301 and he moved his capital from Galich (Halicz) to the newly-founded city of Lvov/Lwow (Lemberg). She lived (before-1293-1341).

 

Glogaw (Głogów)

1332-34 Duchess Regnant Konstancja z Świdnica of Stary Sącz
1360-61/63 Duchess Regnant
of Głogów
Very Politically Influential during the reign of her father, Prince
Przemko of Żagań, Ścinawa, Poznań and Głogów (circa 1308-31), but afte his death King Jan de Luxembourg of Bohemia invaded the Duchy. She lived with grandparents king Władysław I Łokietek and Queen Jadwiga Kaliska of Poland in Krakow, until she handed over the Duchy of Stary Sącz to her grandmother and entered the convent of St. Clare and Abbes of Stary Sącz from 1350 until king Karl IV of Bohemia gave her Glogau back 10 years later.
She was daughter of Duke Bernard of Świdnica and Kunegunda of Poland and lived (circa 1309-61/63)

1334-39 Duchess Regnant  Jadwiga Kaliska of Stary Sącz
Her granddaughter, Konstancja z Świdnica, handed over the Duchy to her when she enterede the convent of St. Claire. She was politically influential during the reign of her husband,
Władysław I Łokietek and her son Kazimierz II, from 1320. She lived (1266-1339).

 

Glogau and Sagan (Głogów i Żagań (Glogow and Zagan)  (Principality in Slesia)

1309-12 Regent Dowager Duchess Mecthild of Braunschweig-Lüneburg
Also known as
Matylda Brunszwicka, she was regent for her sons by  Henryk I (III) of Głogów: Primko, Henryk IV, Konrad, Jan and Bolesław. The daughter of Duke Albrecht of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, she was also mother of four daughters Agnieszka, Katarzyna, Jadwiga and Salomea. (d. 1318).

1444-60 Co-Ruler Duchess Margaret Cilly of Schlesien-Teschen-Gross-Glogau
1460-76 Titular Duchess of Głogów and Żagań
Also known as Małgorzata Cyllejska, and after the death of her husband, Władysław of Głogów and Cieszyn, she formally held Glogau and Sagan as her dowry until she was deposed and the principality was incoroprated into Schlesien-Teschen-Freistadt. Daughter of count Herman III of Cilly. (d. 1480).

Glogau and Krossen (Głogów-Krosno/Krosno Odrzańskie)  (Principality in Slesia)

1476 De-Facto Ruler Duchess Regnant Barbara von Brandenburg
1476-1510 Reigning Lady in Züllichau und Crossen
Her first husband, Heinrich XI Glogau and Krossen (Głogów and Krosno) died in February, and in August she married per procura Władysław II Jagiellończyk of Bohemia and Hungary and the duchy was incorporated into crown of St. Wenzel. She was daughter of Elector Albrecht Achilles von Brandenburg, and lived (1464-1515).

Gostynin (Principality in the Moravian Duchy of Rawa ()

1442-59 Reigning Dowager Duchess Margaretha von Ratibor
Also known as
Małgorzata Raciborska, she held the duchy as her dowry, after the death of her husband.

 

H

Hainau (Chojnów)  (Principality in Slesia)

1570-81 Reigning Dowager Duchess Katharina von Mecklenburg
In 1538 she was married to Duke Friederich III von Liegnitz and held the Duchy as her dowry. Also known as Katarzyna Meklemburska, she was daughter of Duke Heinrich V von Mecklenburg and Helena von der Pfalz, mother of sons and 3 daughters, and lived (1518-81).

1596-1616 Reigning Dowager Duchess Anna von Württemberg
Also known as Anna Wirtemberska, and she held the Duchy as her dowry after the death of her first husband, Duke Jan Jerzy of Oława (Johann Geog von Ohlau, Lüben and Wohlau). In 1594 she was married (as the third wife) to Duke Friederich IV von Liegnitz (Fryderyk of Legnica). She was daughter of Duke Christopher von Württemberg and markgräfin Anna Maria von Brandenburg-Bayreuth, mother of two children, and lived (1561-1616).


Hainau-Lüben (Chojnów-Regnant) (Chojnow-Regnant)
 (Principality in Slesia)

1453-66 Regent Dowager Duchess Hedwig von Liegnitz
Also known as Jadwiga Legnicka, she was the youngest daughter of Duke Ludwik II of Legnica-Brzeg and Elżbieta von Brandenburg (ruler of Legnica-Brzeg in 1436-38). In 1445 she married Duke Jan of Chojnów-Regnant. In 1446 she gave birth her only son, Duke Friederich (Fryderyk). Her husband died in 1453 and she became regent. She lived (circa 1430-1471).

J

Town and Domain of Jarosław
The Town was established by an Ukrainian prince in the 11th century. In the Great Northern War of 1700-21 the region was repeatedly pillaged by Russian, Saxon and Swedish armies, causing the city to decline further and it was under Austrian rule from the First Partition of Poland in 1772 until Poland regained independence in 1918.

1545-80 Reigning Princess Zofia ze Sprowy Odrowąż of Jarosław
Married to hetman John Christopher Tarnowski (1555-1567) and from 1575 to castellan John Kostka, and lived (1540-80).

1581-1625 Joint Reigning Princess Anna Ostrogska of Jarosław
The daughter of Zofia ze Sprowy and her first husband, she was married to Alexander Ostrogski at the age of 19 and they settled in Jaroslaw and in 1606 she bought the half of the town owned by her sister,  Katarzyna Sieniawska the second half of the city. She died after a lengthy illness after having lived (1575-1635/36)

1581-1606 Joint Reigning Princess Katarzyna Sieniawska of Jarosław

1635-42 Joint Reigning Princess Katarzyna z Ostrogskich Zamoyska of Jarosław and Ostróg
She and her 3 sons inherited the town and domains jointly with her sister, Anna Alojza Chodkiewicz. She (d. 1642).

1635-54 Joint Reigning Princess Anna Alojza  z Ostrogskich Chodkiewicz of Jarosław and Ostróg
When her mother, Anna Ostrogska died, she inherited the town and domains jointly with her sister, Katarzyna Zamoyska and her 3 sons, since their father, Alexander, had died in 1603. But it was her who was the actual ruler of the area. At the age of 20 she had been married to the 60-year-old Lithuanian Jan Karol Chodkiewicz who died within a year and never remarried. She lived a highly ascetic life and lived (1600-54).

1673-1709 5th Ordinate Princess Teofila Ludwika Zasławska of the Ostrogski Ordinate, including Jarosław
After the death of her brother, Aleksander Janusz Zasławski i, she became one of the largest landed estates in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth accounting for 11.000 square kilometres – about a third of the Volhynian Voivodeship – with over 1.000 settlements, including several dozen towns. Married to Dymitr Jerzy Wiśniowiecki and Józef Karol Lubomirski and had three children with the last. Her twin son and daughters both inherited the estates, the latter in 1720. She lived (circa 1650-1709)

1720-29 Reigning Princess Marianna Lubomirska of the Ostróg Ordynat , including Lubomierz, Nowy Wiśnicz, Bochnia, Wieliczka, Łańcut, Baranów Sandomierski, Puławy, Rzeszów, Równe, Tarnów, Jarosław, Przeworsk, Janowiec upon the Vistula. (Ukraine and Poland)
The Ukrainian Principality of Jaroslaw which was repeatedly pillaged by Russian, Saxon and Swedish armies during the Great Northern War of 1700-21, causing the town to decline further. She was daughter of Prince Jozef Karol, Great Crown Marshal of Poland, (1661-1702) and Princess Teofila Ludwika Zaslawska, who owned the Ostrog Estates 1673-1709 as the 5th Ordinate (d. 1709). She succeeded her twin brother, Prince Aleksander Dominik Lubomirski (1693–1720), starost of Sandomierz, Zator and Ryki and the IV ordynat of the Ostrogski Family Fee Tail. Owner of Wiśnicz, Dubno and Zasław estates. Her son by her husband, Prince Pawel Karol Sanguszko-Lubartowicz (1682-1750), Janusz Aleksander Sanguszko, was the last ordynat of the Ostrogski Family Fee Tail and Court Marshal of Lithuania. She lived (1693-1729).

1729-31 Reigning Princess Maria Zofia Czartoryska Sieniawska of Jarosław, Bukaczowce, Brzeżany, Jarosław, Oleszyce and Sieniawa (Red Ruthenia) Krzeszowice, Międzyrzec Podlaski and Puławy (Little Poland), Granów, Międzyburz, Mikołajów, Stara Sieniawa and Zinkowice (Podolia), Klewań and Żuków (Volhynia) and Stołpce, Szkłów and Wołożyn (Lithuania)

After the death of her husband, the Lithuanian magnate and Marshal of the Sejm, Stanislaw Denhof, she became in possession of his wast domains and estates until her marriage to Prince Alexander Augustus Czartoryski, a Russian Duke and Major-General. She was the daughter of Adam Nicholas Sieniawski and Elizabeth Sieniawska and her baptism was held by Peter I the Great, King Augustus the Strong II and Prince Rakoczy in the presence of 15 thousand soldiers. She lived (1699-1777)


K

Karniów-Rybnik (Karniow-Rybnik) (Principality in Slesia)

1287-1294 Regent Duchess Salomea Pomorska
She was widow of Duke Siemomysł of Inowrocław in 1268. Daughter of Duke Sambor II of Tczew and mother of 6 children.  (d. 1312/14).

1452-62 Regent Dowager Duchess Barbara Rochemberg
She was widow of Duke Mikołaj III. She was also regent in Pszczyna.


Kujawy-
Łęczyca (Kujawy-Leczyca) (also see Dobrzyn) (Principality from 1233, to Preussia in 1793 by the division of Poland, 1918 part of the independent Poland)

1267-75 Regent Dowager Duchess Eufrozyna 
After 10 years of marriage to Duke Kazimierz of Kujawy she became regent for her three sons: Władysław I Łokietek (since 1320 king of Poland), Siemowit and Kazimierz. In 1275 she married Duke Mściwój II of Pomorze Gdańskie (divorce in 1288). The daughter of Duke Kazimierz of Racibórz-Opole and his wife Wiola
, and lived (1228/30-1292/94).

L

Liegnitz and Brieg (Legnica-Brzeg) (Principality in Slesia - Herzog von Schlesien in Liegnitz)

1296-1303 Politically Influential Duchess Elisabeth von Liegnitz (Wrocław and Legnica)
The daughter of Duke Bolesław the Devout of Małopolska and Princess Helena/Jolenta of Hungary After the death of her husband, Hendryk, she was involved in the governing of the state during the reign of her oldest son Mother of 8 children. In 1303 she moved to Bohemia and lived (1261/63-1304).

1436-38/39
Reigning Dowager Duchess Elisabeth von Brandenburg of Brzeg and Legnica
1453-66 Regent
Also known as
Elżbieta Hohenzollern. After the death of her husband, Ludwik II of Brzeg and Legnica, she ruled in her own name until she married her brother-in-law, Wacław I 1438/39, but the marriage ended in divorce. Later regent for son. She was daughter of Duke  Friedrich I von Brandenburg and mother of four children, and lived (1403-49).

1488-1498 Regent Duchess Ludmiła z Podiebradu
1488-1503 Reigning Dowager Duchess in Brzeg
Also known as Ludmilla Podiebrad. After the death of her husband, Friederich I von Brieg und Liegnitz, she was first regent for her sons; Jan, Fryderyk II and Jerzy, and then held Brzeg as her dowry. She was daughter of king Georg Podebrad of Bohemia. (d. 1503).

1602-05 Regent Dowager Duchess Anna Maria von Anhalt
1602-05 Reigning Dowager Duchess in Oława (Ohlau)
Also known as Anna Maria Anhalcka. After the death of her husband, Joachim Friederich von Liegnitz und Brieg, she was regent for son and at the same time held Ohlau as her dowry. She was daughter of Duke Joachim Ernest of Anhalt and Agnieszka von Barby, mother of 6 children, and lived (1561-1605).

1672-80 Regent Dowager Duchess Louise von Anhalt-Dessau
1672-80
Reigning Dowager Duchess in Oława and Wołów (Ohlau)
Also known as Ludwika Anhalcka.
After the death of her husband, Christian of Wołów (1664-72), who inherited Legnica and Brzeg from his older brothers, she became regent for their son, Jerzy Wilhelm (1660-75). With him the line of the Dukes of Legnica, Brzeg and Wołów died out. In his will he asked Emperor Leopold I to allow the inhabitants of his lands the freedom of confession. Ludwika built the grave chapel of the line of the Princely family of Legnica in the Choir of the Church of St. Johannes. She was daughter of Duke Johan Kasimir von Anhalt-Dessau and Agnethe von Hessen-Kassell, and lived (1631-80).

1824-72 Titular Princess Auguste von Harrach
After her marriage to King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Preussia she was Appointed titular Princess of Liegnitz and Countess of Hohenzollern. She did not seek any form of political influence and lived (1800-73).


Lüben (Lubin) (Principality in Slesia)

1441-54 Margaret of Opole
Reigned after Ludwik III of Lubin

1521-50 Reigning Dowager Duchess Anna von Pommeren
Also known as Anna Pomorska. After the death of her husband, Georg I von Brieg (Jerzy of Brzeg) (1495-1521), she was given the Principality as her dowry. She was daugther of Duke Bogislaw X, and lived (142-1550).

M

Mazowsze (Masovia)

1262–Circa 1270 Regent Dowager Duchess Perejasława Halicka
1270 –76/79 Co-Ruler
After the death of her husband Duke Siemowit I of Mazowsze, she was regent for sons Bolesław II and Konrad II and afterwards joint ruler with them. She was daughter of king Daniel of Halicz (in present day Ukraine). (d. 1283).

1454-62 Regent Dowager Duchess Barbara
After the death of her son Duke Bolesław IV., she run the government in the name of her sons.


1503-18 Regent Dowager Duchess Anna Radziwiłłówna
After the death of her husband, Konrad III Rudy of the Masovian Piast Dynasty in 1497, she was regent for her sons Stanisław and Janusz III. Her daughter was Anna, who ruled in Mazowsze-Bełz in 1526-29. Daughter of the Lithuanian nobles Mikalojus Radziwiłł the Old and Zofia Maria Monwind, and lived (1475-1522).


Mazowsze-Bełz

1455-62 Regent Dowager Duchess Anna of Mazowsze
1455-1476 Reigning Dowager Duchess of Sochaczew,
1476-before 1491 Sovereign Duchess of Koło, Brdów, Bolimów, Mszczonów and Stare Wikitki. 
Daughter of Duke Konrad V Kantner of Oleśnica and Małgorzata. Since 1442/43 she was
married to Władysław I of Mazowsze. After his death she was a regent for her sons Siemowit VI and Władysław II. Both sons died in 1462. Anna lived (1420/30-before 1481).

1526-29 Sovereign Duchess Anna of Mazowsze
She succeeded her father, Duke Konrad III. Daughter of Anna Radziwiłłówna, she lived (1498/1500-after 1557).


Mazowsze-Kujawy (Masovia-Kuyavia)

1194-1203/05 Reigning Dowager Duchess Helena Znojemska of Bohemia 
For Leszek (1194-1227). She was also regent of Poland Minor (Małopolska) and Sandomierz. (d. 1206).


Mazowsze-Warszawa

1429- 36 Regent Dowager Duchess Anna Kijowska of Mazowsze-Warszawa (Poland)
Also known as Anna Holszańska or Anne of Kiev, she was in charge of the government in the name of her son Bolesław IV after the death of her husband, Bolesław Januszowic of Masovia-Warsaw. She was daughter of Ivan Olshanski and Agrypina, and mother of 2 sons and a daughter. (d. after 1458).


Around 1462 Regent Dowager Duchess Barbara Ruska
The widow of
Bolesław IV, she reigned jountly with the bishop of Płokck.


Münsterberg (Ziębice) (Principality in Slesia)

1358-70 Co-Ruler Duchess Agnieszka von Lichtenburg 
Agnes von Lichtenburg ruled in Münsterberg (Ziębice) with her son Bolesław after the death of her husband, Mikołajs death. Mother of 5 children. (d. 1370).

1428-42 Sovereign Duchess Euphemia
She was daughter of Boleslaw III of Münsterberg (1358-1410) and Euphemia of Kosel, she inherited the Principality after the death of her brother, Duke Jan (1380/90-1410-28). Married to Count Friedrich IV von Öttingen (d. 1423). She lived (1370/85-47).

1647-86 Hereditary Duchess Elisabeth Marie of Münsterberg-Oels
1664-72 Regent of Württemberg-Oels
The only child and heir of the Slesian Duke Karl Friedrich of Münsterberg-Oels, who died 1647, she was married Silvius Nimrod von Württemberg (1622-64), and after her father's death, he was granted the Duchy by emperor Ferdinand III and he founded the line of Württemberg-Oels , the first Slesian line, and after his death, she was regent for two sons, Silvius Friederich (1651-97) and Christian Ulrich (1652-1702), who were declared prematurely of age by the Emperor against her protests. She lived (1625-86).

N

Nowogród Bobrzański (Nowogrod Bobrzaski) (Naumburg am Bober) (Principality in Slesia)

1439-61 Duchess Scholastika von Sachsen
Also known as Scholastyka Wettin, she held the Duchy as her dowry after the death of her husband, Duke Johan von Sagan (Jan I of Żagań).

O

Oleśnica (Olsnica) (Oels)

1475-78 Duchess Barbara von Ohlau
Also known as Barbara Oleśnicka, s he was daughter of Duke Konrad IX and Małgorzata.

1647-86 Hereditary Duchess Elisabeth Marie of Münsterberg-Oels (Ziębice-Oleśnica)
1664-72 Regent Dowager Duchess of Württemberg-Oels
Also known as Elżbieta Maria Podiebrad, she was the only child of the Slesian Duke Karl Friedrich, she was married Silvius Nimrod von Württemberg (1622-64), and after her father's death, he was granted the Duchy by emperor Ferdinand III and he founded the line of Württemberg-Oels, the first Slesian line, and after his death, she was regent for two sons, Silvius Friederich (1651-97) and Christian Ulrich (1652-1702), who were declared prematurely of age by the Emperor against her protests. She lived (1625-86).

1676-1702 Reigning Dowager Duchess Eleonora Charlotte zu Württemberg-Mömpelgard of Twardogóra in Oleśnica
In Polish she is known as Elonora Karolina, and she held the territory after her marriage to her father's cousin, Prince Sylvius Friederich zu Württemberg-Oels or Sylwiusz Fryderyk of Oleśnica (1651-97)) as her dorwy. Its German name was Festenburg. Her husband was son of Duke Sylvius Nimrod von Württemberg-Juliusburg, and Elisabeth Marie von Münsterberg-Öls and she was daughter of Duke Georg II von Württemberg-Mömpelgard and Anne de Coligny (1624-80), did not have any children, and (1656-1743).

1684-1704 Regent Dowager Duchess Anna Sofia von Mecklenburg-Schwerin of Bierutów-Radziejów in the Silesian Pricipality of Oleśnica 
After the death of her husband, Prince Julius Siegmund zu Württemberg-Oels - or Juliusz Zygmunt of Oleśnica (Oels) (1653-84), she was regent in his parts of the Principality for her son Karol or Karl Friederich zu Württemberg (1681-1725). She lived (1647-1726).

Ohlau (Oława-Lubin) (Oława) (Olawa-Lubin) (Wohlau) (Principality in Slesia)

1441-54/55 Reigning Dowager Duchess Margareta von Oppelen in Oława and Niemcza
Also known as Małgorzata Opolska, she held the principality after the death of her husband Ludwig III of Lüben, Hainau, Ohlau, Nimptich and Brieg. She was the daughter of Duke Bolesław IV of Opole and Małgorzata of Gorycja, mother of 2 sons: Jan and Henryk, and lived (1412/14-1454/5).


Oppeln (Opole) (Principality in Slesia)

1251-87 Politically Influential Duchess Eufemia
Since 1251 she politically active during reign of her husband Duke Władysław I  of Opole. The daughter of Władysław Odonic, Duke of Małopolska and Jadwiga, she was mother of 5 children, and lived (1239-87).

1401-1420 Reigning Dowager Duchess Eufemia Mazowiecka
Wife of Duke Władysław Opolczyk.
She lived (1352-1418/24)

1442-76 Politically Influential Duchess Magdalena
1474 Regent
Very influential during the reign of her husband Mikołaj I, and in 1474 she acted as regent for him. She lived (1426/30-1497).


Oppeln-Ratibor (Opole-Racibórz) (Opole-Raciborz)
(Principality in Slesia)

1230–31 Regent Dowager Duchess Wiola 
1233/34–38 Co-Regent 
After the death of her husband, Kazimierz she was regent for sons Mieszko II and Władysław, from 1233/34 jointly with Henryk I Brodaty. Born in Bulgaria (
d. 1251)

1251-87 Politically Influential Duchess Eufemia
Politically active during reign of her husband Duke Władysław I of Opole. Daughter of Władysław Odonic, Duke of Małopolska and Jadwiga, she was mother of 5 children, and lived (1239-87).


Oświęcim (Oswiecim) (
Auschwitz) (Principality in Slesia)

1321/4-1325 Co-ruler Duchess Eufrozyna Mazowiecka
After the death of her husband, Duke Władysław of Cieszyn and Oświęcim, she ruled jointly with her son Jan I Scholastyk. She was daughter of Duke Bolesław II of Mazowsze and Kunegunda, and lived (1292-1329).

P

Parchwitz (Principality in Slesia)

1663-66 Dowager Reigning Duchess Anna Sophie von Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Widow of Ludwig IV. in Liegnitz and daughter of Duke Johann Albert II. zu Mecklenburg-Güstrow. (d. 1666).

 
Pileckich and Łańcut (Pileckich and Lancut)

1384-1420 Lady  Elżbieta Granowska z Pileckic
Also known as Elisabeth of Pilica, she in herited the vast estates of her father, Otto of Pilica, Voivode of Sandomierz. Apparently married to Wiseł Czambor, Jańczyk Jańczykowicz Hińczyński and Wincenty Granowski and had several chilren with the last, before her marriage to king Władysław Jagiełło of Poland and Lithuania in 1417. Three years later she fell ill with symptoms of tuberculosis, and died in 1420 in Kracow. She lived (circa 1382-1420).
 

Płock (Plock) (Principality in the Masovian Duchy)

1455-81 Reigning Dowager Duchess Anna Oleśnicka of Sochaczew, Koło and Mszczonów
After the death of her husband, Władysław, she held the lands as her dowry.


Pommern (Pomorze) (Pomerania) At the time a German Principality.

1496-98 Regent Duchess Anna of Poland
Her husband Bogislaw X of Pommern (1454-71-1523) charged her with the government when he left for a meeting with Emperor Maximilian asking him to mediate in the ongoing conflict with his brother-in-law about various lands. He then went on a priligimge to the Holy Land and did not return until two years later. She was his second wife, mother of nine children  and daughter of King Kazimierz IV of Poland and Elisabeth of Austria. She lived (1475-1503).

1533-77 Dowager Margarete von Brandenburg of the Office and Town of Tribsees
Her husband, Duke Georg of Pommern, died in 1531 the year after their marriage as his third wife, and she was granted Tribsee as the seat of her dowager government (wittum) two years later. She was daugher of Elector Joachim von Brandenburg and Elisabeth af Danmark and daughter of one daughter, and lived (1511-77).

1592-1631 Dowager Reigning Lady Sophie Hedwig von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel of the Administrative Unit and Castle of Loitz, the Estate of Ludwigsburg bei Greifswald and the Estate of Zerpenzyn (Sophienhof) in Pommern-Wolgast
After the death of her husband, Herzog Ernst Ludwig von Pommern-Wolgast (1545–1592), she took over her dowry that had been expanded by a number of estate through her 15 year long marriage and lived there with her 2 daughters and a son. During the years 1597 to 1601 she followed her son, Duke Philipp Julius von Pommern-Wolgast (1584–1625) to Wolgast to support the education in government affairs conducted by the guardian Duke Bogislaw XIII. She lived (1561–1631).

1625-29 Dowager Reigning Lady Agnes von Brandenburg of the Administrative Unit of Barth in Pommern-Wolgast
After the death of her husband, Duke Philipp Julius von Pommern-Wolgast (1584–1625), she took over the administration in her dorwy, dem Amt Barth. When she married Duke Franz Karl von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1594–1660) in 1628 she lost the right to her dowry but her new husband, who was a General in the Imperial Army forced Duke Bogislaw XIV to grant her the area for life. She was daughter of Elector Johann Georg (1525–1598) and his third wife Elisabeth von Anhalt (1563–1607), did not have any children and lived (1584–1629).



Pommern-Barth-Rügen

1415-circa 26 Regent Dowager Duchess Agnes von Sachen-Lauenburg
One of her close advisors, Kurt Bonow, an old enemy of Stralsund, was killed, probably in 1417, by a member of the Regency Council, Marschall Degner Buggenhagen, who found refuge in Stralsund, but its inhabitants could not prevent that Buggenhagen was killed by Heneke Behr and his followers at the table of her husband's nephew, Duke Wartislaw IX of Pommern-Wolgast on her initiation in 1420. Concequently the cities of  Stralsund and Greifswald to send troops to the Castle of Usedom, where Behr had sought refuge, he was caught and punished. She was widow of Wartislaw VIII. von Pommern-Wolgast (1373-1415) and mother of Barnim VIII, Duke of Pommern-Barth-Rügen (circa 1405/07-51) and  Swantibor IV (circa 1408/10-32). Also mother of a daughter and another son that died in infancy, and (d. 1435)


Pommern-Demmin

1219-21 Regent and Guardian Dowager Duchess Ingardis af Danmark
After the death of her husband Kasimir II (circa 1180-1219), she became regent for her son Wartislaw III. As her sister-in-law Miroslawa took over the government in Slawien the following year, the future of the Principalites of Pommern were very insecure, but both Princesses managed to fend off claims to the Duchies from Brandenburg and maintain the the independence of the Principalities. Her son called himself "the issue of the blod of the Daneking"  at his seal, as she was the daughter of Knud III of Denmark (1128-46-79). Her sister,  Hildegard, was married to the Wendian duke Jarimar of Rügen. Originally known as Ingegerd, she (d. 1236).
 

Pommern-Gdansk (Pomorze Gdańskie) (Pomorze Gdanskie)

1220-90 Politically Influential Princess Witosława
She was excellent diplomat and political advisor of her brother, Prince Świętopełk II Wielki (the Great). She was Abbes of a Norbertine (Premonstratensian) nunnery in Żuków, and lived (1205-1290)

 


Pommern-Rügenwalde

1465-97 De-Facto Reigning Duchess Sophia von Hinterpommern of Rügenwalde in Pommern
She left her husband, Erich II of Pommern-Wolgast, Hinterpommern and Stettin (1425-74) and moved with her children to the Duchy of Rügenwalde alone only with the aid of her Lord-Chancellor Lord Ritter Johann von Massow. In 1459 Erich I had died and left the Duchy of Hinterpommern without heirs. Sophia and Erich II hurried there because she saw herself as the sole heir, but the following year a war of succession broke out with various other pretenders. She remained in her lands until her death. She was daughter of Bogislaw IX von Hinterpommern and Sophie von Schleswig-Holstein. She lived (1435-97).

 

Pommern-Slawien

1187-1194/98 Regent Dowager Duchess Anastazja of Poland
Following the death of her husband, Duke Bogislav von Pommern (Bogusław I of Pomorze), she was regent for her sons Bogislaw II and Kasimir II jointly with with Wartislaw II as joint guardian, who sought to have the fief renewed by King Knud of Denmark but also made ties with the German rulers. As it came to a riot against the Danish rule, Knud made a raid to Slawien and replaced Wartislaw with Prince Jaromar von Rügen, whose power she tried to curb. After her son came of age she continued to be active, granting lands to convents etc. She might have taken over as Guardian after her daugther-in-law, Miroslawa died in 1233 leaving her son,
Barnim I. (1219-20-78), who was still a minor. Also known as Anastasia, she was daughter of Mieszko III Stary Duke of Wielkopolska and Princess Eudoksja of Russia After 1198 she was still politically active, and lived (before 1164-after 1240).

1220-33 (†) Regent and Guardian Dowager Duchess Miroslawa von Pommeralia
After the death of her husband, Bogislaw II. (circa 1178-871220), she became regent for her son, Barnim I. (1219-20-78). The year before her sister-in-law had taken over the regency in Demmin and both princesses continued the friendly ties to Denmark, and at a Landtag at Ückermünde that Miroslawa and Barnim I. called in 1223 representatives of the Danish King participated.  But in spite of this the don't seem to have done anything to help Valdemar II as he was attacked by Count Heinrich von Schwerin later in 1223 at the island of Lyø and imprisoned in Germany together with his sons. He only freed in 1225 after having given up his Wendian possessions, except Rügen, though he fought a war to get his Northgerman possessions back, that ended with his defeat in 1227.
(d. 1233).
 

Pommern-Stargard (Pomerze-)

1418-circa 33 Regent Dowager Duchess Sofia von Schleswig-Holstein
Also known as Zofia Holsztyńska, she reigned in the name of her son Bogusław IX.


Pommern-Stolp (Pomerze-
Słupsk) (Pomerze-Slupsk)

1446-49 Regent Dowager Duchess Maria of Poland
After the death of her husband, Bogusław IX, she was regent during the absence of his nephew, King Erik VII of Denmark and Sweden, who had abdicated in 1438 and spend the years 1442-49 as a privateer in the Baltic Seas, until he retired to Pomerania with his partner, Cecilia and lived there until his death in 1459. He was succeeded by her daughter, Zofia. Maria was the daughter of Duke of Mazowsze Siemowit IV and Aleksandra of Poland, a sister of king Władysław II Jagiełło, and lived (1408/15-1454).

1459-74 Duchess Zofia
1474-83 Lady of Darłowo
She left her husband, Erich II of Pommern-Wolgast, Hinterpommern and Stettin (1425-74) and moved with her children to the Duchy of Rïgenwalde alone only with the aid of her Lord-Chancellor Lord Ritter Johann von Massow. In 1459 Erich I (ex-king of Denmark) had died and left the Duchy of Hinterpommern without heirs. Sophia and Erik II hurried there because she saw herself as the sole heir, but the following year a war of succession broke out with various other pretenders. But she remained in her territories until her death. She was daughter of Bogusław IX and Maria, who had been regent for Erik I of Pommerania (ex-king Erik VII of Denmark). She lived (1435-97).


Pommern-Stettin

1368-71 Agnes von Braunschweig-Lüneburg
After the death of her husband she took over the regency for her three sons; the joint Dukes of Pommern-Stettin: Kasimir IV (circa 1351-72), Swantibor I (circa 1351-1413) and Bogislaw VII (circa 1355-1404). She was Daugther of  Heinrich II. von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen  and his first wife  Jutta von Brandenburg, and lived (1318-71).

1451-64 Regent Dowager Duchess Elisabeth von Brandenburg
Both her husband, Joachim and his cousin
Barnim VIII. von Pommern-Barth, died of the plague, and she took over the regency for her son, Otto III (1444-64) with her brother, Elector Friedrich II. von Brandenburg as co-guardian. In 1454, she married Duke Wartislaw X von Pommern-Rügen und Barth (1435-78) and became mother of two more sons, who died of plague like their older brother in 1564. She lived  (1425-65). 

1560-66 Joint Guardian Dowager Duchess Maria von Sachsen
After the death of her husband, Philipp I Duke von Pommern-Wolgast (1515-31-60), Council of Regency took over the government for her son, Johann Friedrich (1542-60-1600). She was guardian for her sons who shared the inheritance of another relative, who abdicated in 1569; Bogislaw XIII von Pommern-Barth/Neuenkamp and later of Pommern-Stettin, Ernst Ludwig von Pommern-Wolgast, Barnim X von Pommern-Rügenwalde und Bütow and Kasimir VI, who was Evangelican Bishop of Cammin. She was also guardian for the daughters Amelia, Margaretha and Anna. The Duchy was hit by The Seven Years War (1563-70), which demonstrated how powerless the Duchy was. Lack of finances and of military power, forced it to remain neutral and thereby it ended up as a "playball" between the foreign powers. Her Johann Friederich received the Imperial confirmation of his fief (kaiserliche Belehnung) at the Reichstag in Augsburg in 1566. She was daughter of Duke and Elector Johann von Sachsen and Margareta von Anhalt, and lived (1516-83)

1600-23 Reigning Dowager Lady Dowager Duchess Erdmute von Brandenburg of the Administrative Office of Stolp and the Office and Castle of Schmolsin
Her late husband, Johann Friedrich had become Bishop of Cammin at the age of 14 in 1557 and held the office until 1674, was Duke of Pommern_Wolgast under the regency of his mother from 1560, and in 1569, he and his brother's devided the Duchy of Pommern among them, and he received Stettin. He died 1600). They did not have any children, she lived (1561-1623).

1610-16 Reigning Dowager Lady Dowager Duchess Anna Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderborg-Plön of the Office and Castle of Neustettin
She married Bogislaw XIII (1544-1618), who was Duke of Pommern-Barth und Neuenkamp 1569-1603 and of  Pommern-Stettin (1603-06) as his second wife in 1601. Two of her sisters; Sophia and Elisabeth, married one of his 11 children by his first wife, and she therby became their mother-in-law. The marriages of all three sisters were childless. After Bogislaw's death, she took over the government in her dowry and died on a journey from Sachsen to Pommern, after having lived (1577-1616).

1618-58 Reigning Dowager Lady Dowager Duchess  Sophia von Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderborg-Plön of Treptow an der Rega
After the death of her husband, Philipp II, Duke of Pommern-Stettin (1573-1606-18), she took over the government in her dowry. She was daughter of Duke Johann von Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderborg and Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, who had a total of 23 children. Her sister, Anna, had married Philipp's father, Bogislaw XIII (1544-1618) in 1601. Sophia's marriage was childless, and she lived (1579-1658).

1620-35 Dowager Duchess Sophia von Sachsen of the Office of Wollin
She probably held Island and Administrative Unit as her dorwy after the death of her husband, Franz von Pommern (1577-1606-20). As it was the case with all the last Dukes of Pommern, their marriage was childless. She was daughter of Duke and Elector Christian I. von Sachsen and Sophia von Brandenburg, and lived (1587-1635).

1622-50 Reigning Dowager Lady Dowager Duchess Hedwig von Braunschweig-Lüneburg of the Office and Castle of Neustein
Her husband Philipp had taken over the Evangelical Bis
1622-60 Reigning Dowager Lady Anna von Pommern-Stettin of Stolp
2 years after the death of her husband, Duke Ernst de Croy et Aerschot, Margrave of Havré, Count de Fonteney et Bayon, Lord de Dammertin et Finstingen, she moved back to Pommeren where her brother, Duke Bogislaws XIV, granted her the tenantcy of Stolp as her dorwy, but had to retreat to Rügenwalde, Stettin and Greifswald during the Swedish-Polish war. She won a case at the Imperial Court that secured her son, Ernst Bogislaw, was awarded his paternal inheritence, but the judgement was never executed. When her brother died as the last male of the family, she inherited his estates. Her son was named Bishop of Cammin, Governor in Hinterpommern and Governor in Eastern Preussia. She was the 11th and last child of Bogislaw XIII. von Pommern-Stettin and his wife Klara von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, and lived (1590-1660).

1637-53 Reigning Dowager Lady Dowager Duchess Elisabeth von Schleswig-Hostein-Plön of The Castle and Administrative Unit of Rügenwalde
At the day of her marriage to Bogislaw XIV, who was the last Duke of Pommern-Stettin (1620-25) and Duke of Pommern (1625-37) and Evangelican Bishop of Cammin (1623-37) he transferred the Schloss and Amt (or Bezierk) von Rügenwalde to her for life. Her husband was a weak ruler, intangled in the chaos of the Thirty Years War. As his brothers and cousins died, he inherited all of Pommern but the united duchies did not have an united administration. In 1633 he suffered a stroke and until his death 4 years later, the Duchy was conducted by a Council of Regency. Her sister, Anna, was the second wife of Bogislaw's father and her sister, Sophia was the wife of her brother-in-law, Philipp II, and as her sisters, she did not have any children. Elisabeth lived (1580-1653).

 

Pommern-Wolgast (Pomorze Nadodrzańskie) (Szczecińskie) (Nadodrzanske - Szczecinskie)

1278-1316 Reigning Dowager Lady Mechthild von Brandenburg of her Dowry in Pommern-Wolgast
After the death of her husband, Barnim I (circa 1218-29-78), she fought for years with her stepson, Bogislaw IV, over her dowry and a partition of the Duchy in favour of her sons. In 1295 the Estates forced him to give in, and he accepted a partition and gave up Stettin-Greifenhagen in favour of her son, Otto I. She (d. 1316)

1326-46 Guardian Dowager Duchess Elisabeth von Schweidnitz (Schlesien-Glogau)
Parts of the duchy was occupied by Mecklenburg after the death of her husband, Wartislaw IV. von Pommern-Rügen. The areas of Barth, Grimmen and Loitz hailed Heinrich II von Mecklenburg as their ruler. But Doch Stralsund, Greifswald, Anklam and Demmin joined her and her and her sons: Barnim IV.of Pommern-Wolgast (1325-26-65), Bogislaw IV of Pommern-Stolp (circa 1326-26-74) and the posthumously born Wartislaw V. Pommern-Stralsund (1326-26-90). King Valdemar of Denmark and Count Graf Gerd von Holstein joined forces with the two other guardians; the Dukes of Pommern-Stettin  Otto und Barnim, and in 1327 Heinrich von Mecklenburg had to flee, even though the fighting continued another year. In the peace-agreement he handed back the landscape of Rügen though some of the territory remained in his possession as a security for the settlement. She was daughter of Duke Heinrich III. von Glogau andMechthild von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, and lived (1290-1356).

1560 Head of the Regency Council Dowager Duchess Maria von Sachen-Wettin
1574-83 Reigning Dowager Lady of the Administrative Office and Castle of Pudagla
After the death of her husband. Philipp I von Pommern-Wohgast, she named a Regency Council under Court Chamberlain Ulrich Schwerin for her 5 minor sons. It was in office until 1569 when the sons returned from their education abroad. 1574 she was given the possessions of the former Convent of Pudagla-Grob, by her oldest son, Ernst Ludwig. She lived (1516-83)

1577-1631 Regigning Lady Sophia Hedwig von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel of the Administrative Office of Darsim
1592-1631 Reigning Dowager Lady of the City of Loitz
Her husband, Duke Ernst Ludwig of Pommern-Wolgast (1545-69-92), handed over the the village to her as her dowry. Her only son, Philipp Julius, was under the guardianship of an uncle until 1603. Also mother of 2 daughters, and lived (1561-1631).


Pszczyna
(part of Racibórz-Karniów) (Raciborz-Karniow) (Principality in Slesia)

1424–circa 1449 Sovereign Duchess Helena Korybutówna
The widow of Duke Jan II, she ruled together with Mikołaj III and Wacław. Pszczyna was a part of Racibórz-Karniów.

1452-62 Regent Dowager Duchess Barbara Rochemberg
Widow of Duke Mikołaj III, and also regent in Karniów-Rybnik.

R

Ratibor (Racibórz) (Raciborz) (Principality in Slesia)

 
1306-... Regent Dowager Duchess Anna Czerska
After the death of her husband, Duke Przemysław of Racibórz, she was regent for their son Leszek. She was daughter of Duke Konrad II of Czersk and Jadwiga, and lived (circa 1270-1324)

1336-40 Sovereign Duchess Anna                           
After the death her brother,
Leszek, the king of Bohemia granted the Duchy to her and her husband, prince Mikołaj II of Opawa. She was a daughter of prince Przemysł of Racibórz and Anna, and lived (circa 1296-circa 1340).

1361-1405 De facto Co-Ruler Duchess Anna
She was in effect joint ruler with her husband, prince Jan of Racibórz, and after his death in 1380/82, she stayed in power as Co-ruler with her son Jan II. Daughter of prince Henry V of Głogów-Żagań and Anna of Płock, mother of 3 children, and lived (before 1350-after 1405).


Ratibor-Oppeln (
Racibórz-Opole)
(Principality in Slesia)

1230–31 Regent  Dowager Duchess Wiola 
1233/34–38 Co-Regent 
After the death of her husband, Kazimierz, she was regent for sons Mieszko II and Władysław and from 1233/34 jointly with Henryk I Brodaty. Born in Bulgaria. (d. 1251).

(Noble domain of) Rzeszów

1638 Temporary Administrator Konstancja Ligęza
In charge of the domain after the death of her father, Castellan Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza until her marriage to Grand Marshal and Hetman Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski. Her mother was Zofia Krasińska, the daughter of starost and voivod Stanisław Krasiński, and she (d. 1648).

1761-83 Temporary Administrator Joanna von Stein zu Juttingen–Lubomirska
Administered the domain during the absence of her son, Franciszek Lubomirski. After the death of her husband, Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski (1687-1753) she had become the favourite of minister Heinrich Bruehl. She joined the Bar Confederation - the association of Polish nobles (szlachta) formed at the fortress of Bar in Podolia in 1768 to defend the internal and external independence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against aggression by the Russian Empire and against King Stanisław August Poniatowski and Polish reformers who were attempting to limit the power of the Commonwealth's magnates. She lived (1723-1783).

S

Sandomierz and Łęczyca (Sandomierz and Leczyca)

1138-44 Politically Influential Duchess Dowager Salomea von Berg of Poland
1138-44 Sovereign Princess of Sieradz, Łęczyca and Sandomierz
After the death of her husband Prince Bolesław III Krzywousty of Poland, she was politically active, and she received Sieradz, Łęczyca and Sandomierz as her dowry. She was daughter of the German Count Henry von Berg and Countess Adelheide von Möchenta, had many children, and lived (1100-1144).

1194-1203/05 Reigning Dowager Duchess Elena 
For Leszek (1194-1227). She was also regent of Poland Minor


Sagan (
Żagań) (Zagan) (Principality in Slesia)

1397-1420 Reigning Dowager Duchess Katharina von Oppeln in Zielona Góra and Kożuchów
Also known as Katarzyna Opolska, she held the territories as her dowry after the death of her husband Heinrich VIII.

1800-39 Sovereign Duchess Wilhelmine Biron von Kurland of Sagan, Representative of the Sovereign Dukes of Courland
The Duchy of Sagan was a fief of the Crown of Prussia, acquired from the Lobkowicz in 1786 by Duke Peter of Courland and confirmed for male line with succession to the nearest female on the death of the last male. The Biron von Courland line continued with Peter's brother, but on Peter's  death in 1800 Sagan passed to the eldest daughter Princess Katharina Friederike Wilhelmine. She was first married to Prince Jules de Rohan-Guéméné until they divorced in 1805. Her second husband was Prince Vassili Trubetzkoi (d.1841) whom she divorced in 1806. In 1818 she married Carl Rudolf Graf von der Schulenburg, but had no children and was succeeded by sister, Pauline. Wilhelmine lived (1781-1839). 

1839-44 Sovereign Duchess Pauline Biron von Kurland of Sagan and Representative of the Sovereign Dukes of Courland
Succeeded sister, Wilhelmine to the Duchy in Schlesia. Married to Prince Friedrich von Hohenzollern-Hechingen, who died 1838. She ceded the title to her son Constantin, Fürst von und zu Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1801-1869) in 1842. Since he had no children with his wife Princess Eugènie de Beauharnais von Leuchtenberg, she sold to her sister Dorothea all her portion of the allodial estates of the Duchy. Constantin continued negotiations with his aunt, which was concluded on 16 Oct 1843 with the sale of the title and all claims, subject to actual possession by Dorothea being delayed until 1844. Pauline lived (1782-1845).

1844-62 Sovereign Duchess Dorothea Biron von Kurland of Sagan and Representative of the Sovereign Dukes of Courland
She succeeded after her sister Pauline renounced the title in her favour and she bought Sagan from her nephew. The third sister, Johanna Catharine (1783-1876), who was divorced from Francesco Pignatelli Duca di Acerenza also renounced her rights in favour of the youngest sister. Dorothea was married to Edmund de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino et de Talleyrand, French Foreign Minister, and her sons got the title of Duke of Sagan in 1844, again the succession was conferred to males, and following their extinction to the  nearest female was confirmed by the King of Prussia in 1845 and in 1846. Dorothea gave birth to three children, and lived (1793-1862).


Sagan-Münsterberg (Żagań-Ziębice) (Zagan-Siebice) (Principality in Slesia)
The three sisters were married to three brothers, They were daughters of Jan II of Sagan (1439-82) and Glogau (1481-88), who lived (1435-1504) and Katarzina of Troppau (
Katarzyna of Opawa). Apparently he sold Sagan to Sachsen in 1475. Their older sister, Malgorzata died around 1502 and was married to Miklós Bänffy de Limbow and Johann Hampo. Their youngest sister, Barbara was Abbess of St.Clara in Strehlen 1501-39.

1504-14 Sovereign Duchess Salomena of Schlesia-Sagan
She was married to Duke Albrecht of Münsterberg-Oels (
Ziębice-Oleśnica) (1468-1511) and then to Johann von Kurzbach, Baron von Trachenberg und Militsch (Żmigród and Milicz) (d. 1549), and lived  (1475-1514).

[1514-24 Sovereign Princess Hedwig of Münsterberg (Ziębice), Duchess of Sagan (Żagań)
Also known as Jadwiga, she was daughter of Duke Karl of Münsterberg and married to Margrave  Georg the Pious of Brandenburg-Ansbach in 1525. He then became joint ruler. He had inherited some lands from his first wife, Beatrix Frankopani (see 1504) and inherited Opole and Racibórzr from a relative and later bought Jägerdorf - all duchies in Slesia which is now a part of Poland. Hedwig was mother of two daughters, and lived (1477-1524).

1524-41 Sovereign Duchess Anna of Schlesia-Sagan
1536-41 Duchess of Sagan-Glogau (Żagań-Głogów)
Wife of Karl I Albrecht of Münsterberg-Oels (1498-1536) and mother of Heinrich II (1507-36-48). She lived  (1483-1541). ]

Sagan-Glogau (Żagań-Głogów) (Zagan-Glogow) (Principality in Slesia)

1393-97 Regent Dowager Duchess Hedwig von Liegnitz of Głogów
1393-1409 Reigning Dowager Duchess in Żagań, Krosno, Bobrowice, Nowogród Bobrzański and Świebodzin
Also known as Jadwiga Legnicka. After the death of her husband, Duke Heinrich VI, of Sagan, she held the territories as her dowry.

Schlesien (Śląsk) (Slask) (Slesia)

1236 and 1241 Duchess Saint Hedwig (Jadowa)
Possibly regent during the absence of her son and during an interregnum regent after death of her son Henryk II the Pious on 9.4.1241.

1241-42 Regent Dowager Duchess Anna of Bohemia
After the death of her husband, Henryk II, she became regent for her son Boleslaw II.

Until 1327 Duchess Regnant Anna zu Österreich
Also Duchess of Breslau. Married to Hermand von Brandenburg (d. 1308).

Schweidnitz-Fürstenberg  (Świdnica) (Swidnica) (Principality in Slesia, in 1392 part of Bohemia)

1326-29 Reigning Dowager Duchess Kunegunda
She succeeded her husband, Duke Bernard of Świdnica, and was secondly married to of Prince Rudolf of Sachsen from 1329. The daughter of Władysław I Łokietek and Jadwiga Kaliska, she lived  (1298-1331).  

1345-63 Sovereign Duchess Anna von Schweidnitz
Also known as Anna Świdnicka, she was daughter of Duke Henryk II of Schweidnitz (1312-26-45) and Katharina d'Anjou (d. ca 1355) and married to Emperor Karl IV (1316-78). She lived (1339-62).

1338-68 Reigning Dowager Duchess Agnes von Habsburg of Strzegom
1368-92
Reigning Dowager Duchess of Świdnica and Jawor
Her husband, Duke Bolko II of Świdnica and Jawor (1309/1312-1368)
granted her Strzegom in 1338 and she reigned in Świdnica and Jawor after his death. Daughter of Archduke Leopold von Habsburg. (d. 1392).  

Slawentzitz (Sławięcice) (Slawiecice) (Upper Slesia)

1782-1840 Heiress Amalia von Hoym
was married to Friedrich Ludwig, Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen (1746-1818) until their divorce in 1799. She lived (1763-1840).

 
Sluck

1586-1612 Princess Zofia Olelkowicz-Slucki 
Only one year old when she inherited the possessions of her father, Jerzy Olelkowicz-Slucki, with her mother, Barbara Kiszczanka (d. before 1606) acting as her guardian. She married Janusz Prince Radziwill, castellan of Wilno and lived (1585-1612).
 
1586-1600 Regent Dowager Princess Barbara Kiszczanka
Reigned during her daughter's minority after her husband, Jerzy Olelkowicz-Slucki's death of the large estate in what was Lithuania at the time - it later became part of Russia, Belarus and since 1920 Poland. She was daughter of Mikolaj Kiszka, Voivode Podlaski and Barbara Chodkiewicz, and (d. before 1608).

Stary Sącz

1332-34 Duchess Regnant Konstancja z Świdnica
1360-61/63 Duchess Regnant of Głogów
Very Politically Influential during the reign of her father, Prince
Przemko of Żagań, Ścinawa, Poznań and Głogów (circa 1308-31), but afte his death King Jan de Luxembourg of Bohemia invaded the Duchy. She lived with grandparents king Władysław I Łokietek and Queen Jadwiga Kaliska of Poland in Krakow, until she handed over the Duchy of Stary Sącz to her grandmother and entered the convent of St. Clare and Abbes of Stary Sącz from 1350 until king Karl IV of Bohemia gave her Glogau back 10 years later. She was daughter of Duke Bernard of Świdnica and Kunegunda of Poland and lived (circa 1309-61/63)

1334-39 Duchess Regnant Jadwiga Kaliska
Her granddaughter, Konstancja z Świdnica, handed over the Duchy to her when she enterede the convent of St. Claire. She was politically influential during the reign of her husband,
Władysław I Łokietek and her son Kazimierz II, from 1320. She lived (1266-1339).


Szamotuły (in Racibórz) (Szamotuly)

1445-1456 Politically Influential Duchess Małgorzata 
1456-? Regent
Until 1464 Co-ruler
She was very active supporter of her Her second husband was prince Wacław II of Racibórz' politics. After his death she became regent and (later) co-ruler of their son, Jan V. (d. 1464).

T

Teschen-Freistadt  (Cieszyn) (In Slesia and later in Bohemia)  

1433-47 Co-Ruler Duchess Eufemia Mazowiecka
She ruled with her 4 sons. She lived (1395/8-1447).

1452-60 Regent Dowager Duchess Anna 
After the death of her husband,  Bolesław II of Cieszyn, she ruled for her son Kazimierz II. Daughter of Duke Iwan of Bielsk.

1579-86 Regent Dowager Duchess Katarzyna Sydonia
For son Adam Wacław.

1625-53 Duchess Elisabeth Lucretia
Also known as
Elżbieta Lukrecja, she married Prince Gundekar of Luxembourg in 1619 and was an ardent follower of the contra-reformation. She was daughter of Duke  Wacław and Elżbieta, mother of 3 children, and lived (1599-1653).

1704-43 Princess of the Realm Ursula Katharina zu Altenbockum
1705-43 Dame of the Castle and City of Hoyerswerda (Germany)
After her divorce from Prince Georg Dominicus Lubomirski she became the maitresse of August the Strong of Sachsen, and gave birth to a son, Johann Georg, Chevalier de Saxe (1704-74), after which she was named Reichsfürstin. She was involved in the fall of the Saxon Chancellor Beichlingen. She later married Prince Friedrich Ludwig von Württemberg, who died 1734. Shortly before her death, she sold the Lordship of Hoyerswerda to August III. She was born in Lithuania and lived (1680-1743).

1765-98 Archduchess Maria-Christina von Habsburg
Also Governor of the Netherlands etc. She lived (1742-98).

V

Volynia-Lutsk

1323-49 Heiress Eufemia
Together with her aunt Maria, Heiress of Galicia-Lvov, she inherited the lands of the family, after her father, Lev II of Lutsk, and his brother, Andrei of Galicia and Volynia, were killed. She was married to Lubart Gediminovich of Lithuania (d. 1384).

W

Wadowice  

1492-1504 Sovereign Duchess Agnieszka Zatorska
Also known as Agnes of Zator was daughter of Duke Władysław I of Zator and Anna. In 1492 her father left her Wadowice in his will. But in 1503 King Aleksander Jagiellończyk granted the Duchy to Piotr Myszkowski of Mirów.
She fought for her heritage, but the following year the king adjudicated, that Wadowice also belonged to Piotr. Married to Jan of Tworków and Kobierzyn (died in 1504). Mother of one son. She lived (1477/80-1505).

Wołów (Wolow) (Dowry in Slesia)

1439-49 Reigning Dowager Lady Małgorzata
After the death of her husband, Duke Konrad V Kantner of Oleśnica (Oels) and Kozielsk, she held the Duchy as her dowry. 

Wrocław-Legnica (Wroclaw-Legnica) (Breslau-Liegnitz) (Principality in Slesia)

1296-1303 Politically Influential Duchess Elżbieta
After the death of her husband, Hendryk, she was involved in the governing of the state during the reign of her oldest son until she moved to Bohemia in 1303. She was daughter of Duke Bolesław the Devout of Małopolska and Princess Helena of Hungary, mother of 8 children, and lived (1261/63-1304).

Z

Zamość  (Zamosc)

1665-72 Reigning Princess Gryzelda Wiśniowiecka
After her brother's death in 1665 she became the owner of the grand hereditary property of ordynacja zamoyska (Zamość). In 1669 she managed to secure the Polish throne for her only son, Michał Korybut. She was the daughter of Tomasz Zamoyski, voivode of Kiev and Katarzyna. 1638-1651 she was married to Duke Jeremi Wiśniowiecki of Wiśniowiec and Łubnie, and lived (1623-72).

 

Royal Owerseers of Crown Lands

Before 1535 Overseer of the Crown Lands Anna Jasińska of Małogoszcz
Held the office of starościna niegrodowa  jointly with her husband.

1535-37 Overseer of the Crown Lands Katarzyna Słupska of Małogoszcz
She was royal appointed administrator of the area.

1572-1604 Overseer of the Crown Lands Zofia Działyńska of Brodnica
As representative of the king she was in charge of certain aspects of the local administration.

1580-1601 Overseer of the Crown Lands Anna Kłoczewska of Małogoszcz
Also known as Kłoczowska.

1587-92 Overseer of the Crown Lands Zofia Garnysz of Barcice and Rytro
Her Polish title of starościna niegrodowa translate into "Elder" in the female version and she held the territory as representative of the king.

After 1592-1631 Overseer of the Crown Lands  Zofia Herburtowna Czarnkowska of Świecie

1604-25 Overseer of the Crown Lands Princess Anna Vasa of Brodnica
1611-25 Overseer of the Crown Lands of Golub
The sister of Sigismund III Vasa of Poland, Sweden and Lithuania, she received the administration of Brodnica and Golub when she had to leave the court because she insisted on staying Lutheran. Never the less she was her brother's political advisor and acted as protector for the exiled Swedish loyalists and Protestants. She also became very respected because of her great learning and was interested in litterature, music, gardening and medicine. She was a specialist in medicinal herbs and kept her own apothecary. She lived (1568-1625).

1623-1634 Overseer of the Crown Lands Zofia Daniłowiczowa of Hrubieszów
She lived (1590-1634)

1625-1631 Overseer of the Crown Lands  Queen Konstancja von Habsburg of Brodnica and Golub
As the second wife of king Sigismund III Vasa the monarch of Poland, Sweden and Lithuania, she was very politically influential in 1606-1631. She lived (1588-1631).

1632-38 Overseer of the Crown Lands Princess Anna Katarzyna Konstancja of Brodnica, Golub and Tuchola
The daughter of the monarch of Poland, Sweden and Lithuania, Sigismund III Vasa and Queen Konstancja Habsburżanka, she married Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine in 1642, and three years later they had a still-born son. She lived (1619-1651).

1638-44 Overseer of the Crown Lands Queen Cecilia Renata von Habsburg of Brodnica, Golub and Tuchola
Politically influential in 1637-44, during the reign of her husband, king Władysław IV Zygmunt Waza (Vladislav IV Vasa) (1595-1632-48). Her son Zygmunt Kazimierz died in 1647 aged 7 and her only daughter Maria Anna Isabella, died one month after her birth in 1642. After Cecilia Renate's death her husband married Maria Ludovica Gonzaga (1611-67). The daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II von Habsburg, Count of Tyrol, Archduke von Steyer and King of Bohemia and Anna-Maria von Bayern, and lived (1611-44).

1639-40 Overseer of the Crown Lands Urszula Grudzińska of Szadek

1649-71 Overseer of the Crown Lands Elżbieta Słuszczanka of Warka

1651-59 Overseer of the Crown Lands Katarzyna Szumińska of Małogoszcz
Held the office of starościna niegrodowa jointly with her husband.

1661-62 Overseer of the Crown Lands Teofila Rej of Małogoszcz

1663-77 Overseer of the Crown Lands Konstancja Kos of Brodnica
Through the era of the joint state of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until the partitions of Poland in 1795, referred to the crown lands (królewszczyzna) administered by the official known as starosta or starościna (for women), who would receive the office from the king and would keep it for life. It usually provided a significant income for the starosta.

1666 Overseer of the Crown Lands Katarzyna Piotrowska of Szadek

1674-76 Overseer of the Crown Lands Helena Zielęcka of Bydgoszcz

1678-1733 Overseer of the Crown Lands Marie Anne de la Grange d'Arquien of Nowy Targ
The sister of Queen Maria Kazimiera, she was in charge of the administration of the territory jointly with her husband Jan Wielopolski. (d. 1733).

1679-98 Overseer of the Crown Lands  Queen Maria Kazimiera d'Arquien of Brodnica
Also known as Marysieńka, she was very political influential during the reign of her husband, king Jan III Sobieski (1629-74-96) in 1674-96. Since 1699 she lived in Rome and from 1714 in France. She lived (1641–1716).

1718-39 Overseer of the Crown Lands Anastazja Jordan of Barcice and Rytro
Jointly in charge of the administration of the territory with her husband Michał Stefan Jordan.

1745-47 Overseer of the Crown Lands Elżbieta Lubomirska of Barcice and Rytro
Through the era of the joint state of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until the partitions of Poland in 1795, referred to the crown lands (królewszczyzna) administered by the official known as starosta or starościna (for women), who would receive the office from the king and would keep it for life. It usually provided a significant income for the starosta.


1754-1771 Overseer of the Crown Lands Anna Radziwiłłowa of Nowy Targ
She lived (1729-1771).

1764-1785/88 Overseer of the Crown Lands Urszula Elżbieta Moszkowska of Barcice and Rytro

1771-72 Overseer of the Crown Lands Anna Schmidt of Brodnica

1771 Overseer of the Crown Lands Antonina Rzewuska of Luboml (Ukraine)
Held the office of Starościna niegrodowa of the area which was then part of the Kingdom of Poland-Lithuania.

 

Last update 24.02.14