Greece Sub States

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
Female Head of Greece Substates

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Achaia and Morea

1289-1307 Sovereign Princess Isabelle de Villehardouin of Achaia and Morea, Queen of Thessalonica, Baroness of Karytaina and Bucelet (Arakloven)
Also known as Zampea, she was daughter of Guillaume II de Achaia (1246-78) and Anne Komnena Angelina (Ange, Angelus). She had first been Betrothed to Andronikos Palaiologos, son of Mikhael VIII Emperor of Byzantium, but this was broken off. Instead her first marriage to, Philipppe of Sicily, son of Carlo I, had been arranged to seal her father's, Prince Guillaume's, alliance with the King of Sicily. It was popular with the Frankish barons in Achaia who preferred a westerner as their potential future prince, despite the marriage contract providing that Achaia should revert to the house of Anjou whether or not any children were born of the marriage. He was created titular King of Thessaloniki in 1274 at Brindisi by her brother, Philippe de Courtenay Emperor of Constantinople. After his death, she remained at the court of Napoli. Her brother-in-law, King Carlo d'Anjou II of Sicily, in his capacity of Prince of Achaia, granted her the barony of Karitena and Bucelet in 1289 and she was invested as Princess of Achaia by King Charles in 1289, jointly with her second husband, Florens de Hainalut, Stadtholder of Zeeland, Lord of Braine-le-Comte et de Hal en Hainault, at the time of their marriage, and he held the offices of Constable of the Kingdom of Sicily and Vicar-General of Corfu 1289-1290. And she governed personally after his death in 1297, although she retired to her castle of Nesi in Kalamata. 1301 sShe married Philippe de Savoie, lord del Piemonte, whose rule in Achaia was marked by despotism and self-interest and he was deposed in 1306. The following year they separated and she continued to protest the loss of Achaia from Hainaut, where she was living, in spring. 1311 she affirmed her rights to Achaia, and those of her daughter Mathilde. Her younger daughter, Marguerite de Savoie, inherited Karytena in 1311. She lived (circa 1259-1312).

1307-13 Pretender Marguerite de Villehardouin of Achaia and Morea
After the death of her sister, Isabelle de Villehardouin she claimed the principality, and again in 1313. When it proved unsucessful, she transferred her rights to her daughter Isabelle of Sabran, wife of Ferdinand of Majorca. Her daughter's son, James the Unfortunate of Mallorca, was proclaimed prince of Morea in 1315 under the regency of his father, who conquered the principality between 1315 and 1316 but was defeated and executed by her niece Mathilda de Savoie and her husband, Louis of Burgundy, who was deposed the same year by King Robert of Napoli after Louis died.

1313 and 1316-31 Sovereign Princess Mathilde d'Avesnes-Hainault of Achaia and Morea, Queen of Thessalonica, Dame de Braine-le-Comte et de Hal
Also known as Mahaut, she was daughter of Isabelle de Villehardouin, who had been Princess of Achaia (1289-1307) until she was deposed. Her first husband,  Guido II de la Roche, Duke of Athens, Lord de Theben died in 1308 and in 1313 Philippe d'Anjou-Sicily, Principe di Tarento, transferred his rights to Achaia to her, on condition she transferred them to her second husband, Louis de Bourgogne. She refused the third marriage proposed by Philippe di Tarento, but was brought to Napoli from Morea by force and compelled to marry Jean of Sicily, Conte di Gravina, but this marriage was anulled in 1321 for non-consumation. She continued to refuse to transfer her rights to Achaia to her new husband and appealed, unsuccessfully, to Venice and the Burgundy family for help. She was taken to Avignon where Pope John XXII ordered her to obey but then avowed her secret marriage with Hugo de La Palice. Her inheritance was confiscated by King Robert d'Anjou of Sicily for breaching the condition of the 1289 marriage contract of her mother, which required the king's approval for her marriage. She was imprisoned in the Castell dell'Uovo in Naples, accused of conspiring with her husband to murder the king, transferred to the castle of Aversa in 1328. Before dying, she bequeathed all her rights verbally to her cousin Jaime II King of Mallorca but made no testament. Her sister, Marguerite, was Lady of Karytaena from 1311. Mathilde had no children, and lived (1293-1331).

1333-46 Princess Catherine II de Valois, Queen of Thessalonica
She inherited the titles of titular Empress and Dame of Courtenay, Blacon and Montargie from her mother, Chatherine I de Courtenay (1283-1308). 1341-46 she was Governor of Kephalliena. Involved in the intrigues of the court of Giovanna I of Napoli and probably involved the murder of Giovanna's husband, Andreas of Hungary. She was married to Philippe II de Taranto, and all of her three sons succeeded him as Prince of Taranto. Their son, Robert II of Constantinople, was Prince of Achaia 1333-64 and was succeeded by his wife, Maria II Zaccharia. Her father was king Charles I of France, and she lived (1301-46).

1364-70 Princess Marie I de Bourbon, Queen of Thessalonica
She was Princess of Vostitza 1359-63 and Governor of Kephalliena for Napoli. She was daughter of Louis I de Bourbon and Marie d'Aveness of Hainault, and succeeded the Baronesses Agnes and Guillermetta (Wilhelmina). First married to Guido de Lusignan, Prince von Galilaea (d. 1346) and secondly to the son of Catherine II de Valois, Robert II. d'Anjou, Titular Emperor of Byzantine and Prince of Achaia (1333-64), whom she succeeded as Princess of Achaia. Mother of one son, Hugo de Lusignan (circa 1335- 1385/86) and two daughters, and lived (1315-87).

1374-76 Princess Giovanna d'Anjou, Queen of Thessalonica
Also Queen of Napoli. She lived (1343-81)

1402-04 Princess Maria II Zaccharia, Queen of Thessalonica
Succeeded her husband Pierre Bordeaux de San Superan (1386-1402). She was daughter of Centurione I Zaccharia, Lord of Veligosi, Damala and Chalandritza and was succeeded by her nephew, Centurione II, who was prince until 1432/39.

1432-62 Lady Aikaterina Asania Zaccariaina of Arcadia, Heiress of the principality of Achaia.
Also known as Aikaterina Asanina Zaccariaina, she succeeded her father, enturione II, who succeeded his father in 1401 as Lord of Arkadiak and was installed in 1404 as Prince of Achaia by Ladislas King of Sicily, but was dispossessed in 1430 by the Emperors of Byzantium. Her husband, Thomas Palailogos, Despot of Morea 1428-60, son of Emperor Manuel II of Byzantinium, was Lord of Archaia-by the right of his wife. She lived (1392-1462).

Aigina or Aegina (Island State)

1317-26 Countess Regnant Maruella
The daughter of Bonifacio da Verona, Lord of Negropont, she was married to Alfonso Fadrique de Aragon, Count of Malta and Gozzo, Lord of Salona and of certain territories on Greece, (d. 1335/39)

1381-94-? N.N. Fadrique de Aragón
She succeeded her father, Juan, as Lady of Aegina. 1394 she married Antonello
Caopena who might have been of Catalan origin and their descendants continuing their rule until 1451. 

Amorgos (Island State)

Circa 1251- Lady Isabetta Ghisi
Succeeded her father, Geremia Ghisi, the Lord of Andros.
Married to her first cousin, Filippo Ghisi. Her sister, Marchesina Ghisi, inherited the Lordships of Skyros, Skiathos and Skopelos.

Andros (Island State)

1233-62 Dame Felisa

1389-1414 Princess Maria Sanudo 
Also Countess of Gespario and Somnaripa. 1385-1414 she was Princess of Euboia.
She was granted the island of Andros as a fief.  She was deprived of Andros by Francesco Crispo who bestowed it on his son-in-law Pietro Zeno, bailie in Eubœa, in an effort to increase his influence on the island.  She was compensated by the island of Paros on condition that she marry Gasparo di Sommaripa. enice granted her 1/3 of the island of Eubœa, her descendants continuing to hold this part under Venice until the Ottoman Turks invaded the island in 1470. She was daughter of Duchess Fiorenza I Sanudo of Naxos and her second husband, Niccolo Sanudo, Duke by the right of his wife. She (d. 1426).

1463-1528 Lady Fiorenza Crispo
She inherited the lordship from her father, Guglielmo II, who had succeeded his great nephew in 1453 as Duke of  Naxos
, with the agreement of his nephew and co-regent Francesco, depriving his niece Adriana of her rightful inheritance as well as his own daughter as it was also agreed that Francesco would succeed Duke Guglielmo. She was married to Luigi Barbaro (d. 1485). She (d. 1528).

Antiparos (Under  Naxos) (Island State)

1414-37 Princess Regnant Fiorenza
Succeeded father

1439-ca.46 Princess Regnant Maria de Sommaripa
Succeeded father Crusino I. Daughter of Princess Maria Saudos of Andros, Gespario and Samnaripa 

1446-1528 Princess Regnant Lucrezia Loredano
Succeeded sister

1528-37 Princess Regnant Adriana Crispo
Succeeded grandmother. In 1537 the island was conquered by the Osman Turks. Also
Sovereign Princess Adriana of Therasia, Nio and Ios 1508-37


Around 1262 Baroness Marguerite de Neuilly
She first married Guibert de Cors, then Guglielmo da Verona, Lord
of that part of Eubœa around Oreos and thirdly to Jean de Saint-Omer of Thebes. She was sent as a hostage to Constantinople in 1262 to secure the release of Guillaume de Villehardouin Prince of Achaia, whose niece she was.  She was the heiress of her uncle Gautier II de Rozières, baron of Akova (Matagrifon) but was unable to claim her inheritance within 2 years and 2 days due to her absence and Prince Guillaume therefore declared her inheritance forfeit. Her third husband demanded the return of her inheritance, which was refused by a specially summoned parliament at Glarentza.  Prince Guillaume granted 1/3 of the barony to Marguerite as a concession, granting the other two-thirds to his own daughter Marguerite. She was daughter of Jean de Neuilly, Baron of Passava.

1276-1315 Baroness Marguerite de Sabran

Argos and Naupila

1377-88 Countess Regnant Marie d'Enghien
Succeeded father, ruled together with a number of others

Arkadia or Arcadia

1278-8.. Marchioness Isabella
Also Princess of Badonitza (Island State). So-ruler with husband Antoine de Flamenc.

1432-62 Lady Aikaterina Asania Zaccariaina, Heiress of the principality of Achaia.
She succeede her father Asano Centurione II, who
succeeded his father in 1401 as Lord of Arcadia and was installed in 1404 as Prince of Achaia by Ladislas King of Sicily, but was dispossessed in 1430 by the Emperors of Byzantium. Sje married Thomas Palaiologos, Despot of Morea, son of Emperor Manuel II of Byzantinium, who became Duke of Achaia 1429. 

Athenai (Athens)

1287-91/94 Regent Dowager Duchess Helena Angel-Komnena
For Guy II. 

1308 Claimant of the Duchy Echive Ibelin
She claimed the Duchy of Athens on the death in 1308 of her first cousin Duke Guy II, and travelled to Morea to assert her claim which was rejected by the High Court of Achaia. She was married to Jean Ibelin, Lord of Beirut 

1311 Duchess Jeanne de Chatillion
Her husband, Gauthier de Brienne had succeed his uncle, Guy I de la Roche as Duke in 1308. His mother, Isabella had died 1291. She was deposed when the Catalan Company siezed the Duchy in 1311, whitch her husband had hired the year before. The duchy later went to the Kings of Sicily.

1377-79 Duchess Regnant Maria
Queen Regnant 1377-1402 of Sicily and Titular Queen of Jerusalem.. At the age of 15 she succeeded her father, King Federico with Artale of Alagona as regent. 1379-88 she was in-exile in Sardegna because of civil war in Sicily. In 1390 she married Martin the Younger, the Duke of Montblanc. In 1392 Martin the Young, his father Martin the Old, and Maria return to Sicily and received by the Sicilian Barons. She died without a heir in 1402.

1394-95 Sovereign Duchess Francesca Acciaiuoli of Athens (Greece)
1394-? Lady of Megara and Sikyon [Basilicata]
1429-? Lady of Santa Mavra and of Vonitza
In some lists of the Dukes of Athens she is listed as successor of her father, Nerio I Acciaiuoli, who was Lord of Corinth, ca.1370-1394. But she surely received the Lordships of Megara and Sikyon under the will of her father. Having inherited the political ability of her father, she advised her husband, Carlo I Tocco, Count of Kefalonia, Duke of Leukadia, in his councils, who had inherited Corinth in 1394 on the death of his father-in-law despite the latter's arrangement with his other son-in-law Theodoros Palaiologos who unsuccessfully besieged the town in the same year but finally captured it in 1396. She inherited the island of Santa Mavra and the fortress of Vonitza when her husband died. From 1395 until 1402/5 the Duchy was occupied by Venice until her illegitimate brother, Antonio I, took over as duke 1402/05-35. Her sister, Bartolomea Acciaiuoli, received Corinth as part of her dowry.

1394-95 Co-executor Gismonda Acciaiuoli of the Duchy of Athens
ppointed co-executor under the will of her brother Nerio in 1394, so long as she remained in Greece

1451-53/54 Regent Dowager Duchess Chira Giorgio
After the death of her husband, Raineri II Acciaiulo, who was duke 1435-39 and again from 1441 until his death 10 years later. He was involved in the fights against the Ottomans, who conquered Constantinople in 1554, she was regent for her son Francesco I


1276-1315 Baroness Regnant Marguerite de Villehardouin, Lady of...
Widow of Isnard, Sire de Sabran she married Riccardo Orsini,
Count of Kefalonia, Conte di Gravina 1284/91, Vicar General of Corfu 1286/89 amd appointed bailli of Achaia by Isabelle Princess of Achaia in 1297. She died in prison and was daughter of Guillaume de Villehardouin Prince of Achaia. She died in prison. 


Bodonitza (Island State)

1278-8.. Sovereign Marchioness Isabelle Pallavicini of Bodonitza (Greece)
Also known as Jezebel, she succeeded her brother Urbertino and also inherited her elder sister Mabilia's Italian possessions in Parma. In the year of her succession she was requested by her new lord, Charles d'Anjou, Prince of Achaea, to do homage to his new vicar at Glarentsa. When the barons of the Principality of Achaea refused to do homage to the bailiff Galeran d'Ivry as vicar general, the primary reason was her absence, because she was their primus inter pares as the Marchionate was the highest ranking. She was already old at her accession and did not live long thereafter. She died childless and left open a succession dispute, which was eventually solved by the arbitration of William I of Athens, then acting bailiff of Achaea, in favour of her cousin Albert. She left a widower in Antoine le Flamenc.

Around 1296 Marchioness
Thamar Komnena Dukaina of Bonditza and Lepanto
Daughter of Nikephoros I Dukas Komnenos, Despot of Epirus, (1240-96) and Anna Kantakuzene (d. 1313) She married and later divorced Philippe d'Anjou, Prince of Taranto, Despot of Romania and Lord of Durazzo, Prince of Achaia and titular Emperor of Constantinople (1278-1332), whose second wife was Catherine II de Valois, titular Empress of Constantinople, Princess of Achaia. Thamar llived (circa 1277-1311)

1311-22 Sovereign Marchioness Maria dalle Carceri of Bodonitza, Co-Heiress of Euboea
Upon the death of her husband, Albert Pallavicini, she succeeded to half of the marquisate of Bodonitsa. While she avoided submitting her principality to the Catalan Company, she could not avoid paying an annual tribute of four destriers. She was descended from a Lombard family of Verona that had come to Greece on the Fourth Crusade. She split the inheritance with her daughter, Gugliema and married Andrea Cornado, Baron of Skarpanto, who ruled jointly with her. She was a daughter of Gaetano dalle Carceri and also heiress of a sixth of Euboea. Her husband died the year after her and her daughter inherited the whole territory. (d. 1322).

1311-58 Sovereign Marchioness Guglielma Pallavicini of Bodonitza, Lady of Thermopylae, Co-Heiress of Euboea
Somethimes refered to as Wilhelmina. The succession of all Latin fiefs in Greece was regulated at the time by the 'Book of the Customs of the Empire of Romania' by which, the inheritance was split between the widow and daughter. When her first husband, Bartolomeo Zaccaria died in 1334, she married Niccolò Zorzi, something that allowed her to remain in residence on Negroponte and to reconcile her claims to the castle of Larmena with La Serenissima's. They continued the annual tribute of four destriers made to the Athenian Catalans. Peace did not attend their house, however. Venice continued the dispute over Larmena and even sought the arbitration of the bailiff of Catherine II, Princess of Achaea, the legal souzerain of Euboea and Bodonitsa. The bailiff decided for Venice. This strained the marriage, with her accusing her husband of "cowardice and bias towards Venice. She further believed that he ignored the interests of her child by Bartolomeo, Marulla, in favour of his own offspring. She had saved a large amount of money for her daughter, but deposited in a Venetian bank. The marchioness was finally whipped into a fury by the execution of her relative Manfredo, ordered by her husband. While the execution had been legal, she stirred the people against Zorzi, who was forced to flee to Negroponte and then went to Venice and appealed to the Senate, which demanded the return of him to his position or the relinquishing of his property, which she held. She refused and the bailiff of Negroponte was order to sever all communication between Bodonitsa and the island. The Catalans, who had initially been asked to stay out of the fray, were now pressed by Venice to intervene for peaceful settlement, along with Juana I of Naples, head of the Angevins, and Humbert II, Dauphin of Vienne, then a papal naval commander. This failing, Marulla's money was confiscated and Niccolò compensated from the funds. She still refused to readmit her husband to her court. Despite the pleadings of Pope Clement VI, she preferred to heed the advice of her own nationalist bishop Nitardus of Thermopylae. In 1354, Niccolò finally died and she immediately installed their eldest son, Francis, as co-ruler. With him ruling beside her, she was on good terms again with Venice and was included in the treaty subsequently signed with the Catalans. She died in 1358 and was succeeded by Francis and her other two sons, Giacomo and Niccolò III, also later ruled the Marquisate. (d. 1358).



BCE 130 Queen Laodike
The widow of Ararathes V of Cappadocia, she poisoned 5 (step)sons and ruled in the name of the 6th.

Cerigo (Kythera) and Cerigollo (Island State)

132?-29 Princess Regnant Sophia Charitena
Succeeded husband

1396-97 Lady Bartolomea Acciaiuoli of Corinth
received the lordship as dowry upon her marriage of Theodoros I Palaiologos, Despot of Morea, son of Emperor Ioannes V of Byzantinum. But as the lordship went to her brother-in-law, her husband besieged Corinth and finally
acquired Corinth it in 1396, after Venice mediated the release of Pedro Bordo de San Superano, whom he had captured, but he sold it in 1400 to the Knights of St John. She was daughter of Nerio Acciaiuoli, Duke of Athens, Baron of  Vostitza and Nivele (d. 1394) and Agnese Saraceno. She (d. 1397).


Epiros/Epirus (See also Albania)

BCE 358-342 Princess Trobas
Co-ruler with husband, General Arybbas. The country more or less became part of Macedonia. She was sister of Olympisa of Macedonia. 

BCE 344-30 Regent Cleopatra of Macedonia
Sister of Alexander the Great, Married to Alexander of Eiros. She engaged in a power struggle with her mother, Olympias, Regent of Macedonia. In 309 she was murdered. 

BCE Circa 262-35 Regent Dowager Queen Olympiada
After the death of Pyrrhus II she was regent for Ptolemy (circa 262-235)

BCE 248-233 Queen Deidamia
Ptolemy was king (circa 262-235). P
yrrhus III
succeeded as king in 235.

1296-1313 Regent Dowager Despina Anna Palailologina-Kantakizena 
Widow of Jean of Thessaloniki and niece to Emperor Michael VII of Constantinople

1335-37/40 Regent Dowager Despina Anna Palailologina
She was co-ruler with son Despot Nikephoros I, after having poisoned her second husband, James Orsini. 

Euboia or Eubœa (Negroponte) (Island State) The second largest island of Greece.  
The second largest island of Greece was divided into three parts among the heirs of the last ruler of the whole County. The three triarchies were each reigned by counts.


1216-... Countess of Euboea
Widow of Ravano, who reigned 1204-12

1216- Countess Felicia dalle Carceri

1262- Countess Grapela dalle Carceri
She was succeded by Gaetano.

1279-1328 Princess Regnant Beatrice Pallavizzini
Succeeded father, she reigned jointly with
Jean de Maisy

Until 1315 Maria I dalle Carcero
Jointly with her husbands; Albert Pallavicini, Marchese of Boudonitza, who was killed
in battle Kephissos River, near Thebes in 1311, and Andrea Cornaro.  His sixth of the island of Eubœa, which he held by right of his wife, was captured in 1323 by his wife's first cousin Pietro dalle Carceri. 

1383-1414 Princess Regnant Maria II Sanudo
Succeeded Nicolo Sanudo, who succeeded their step-father Giovanni (1340-58). 1389-1414 she succeeded her husband as Princess of Antiparos. Also Countess of Andros. In Euboia she reigned jointly with
Gaspar Sommarippa.


1279-1296 Felicia dalle Carceri
Jointly with  wit Licarius.

1296-1317 Agnes de Cicone
Jointly with Boniface da Verona.

1317-38 Maria
Jointly with Alphonse Fagrigue


1278-96 Alice dalle Carceri 


1220-55 Carintana dalle Carceri
Succeeded her father, Rizzardo, as Countess of 1/3
of Eubœa. Married to Guillaume de Villehardouin, Prince of Achaia who claimed her part of the island after her death. He captured Negroponte, but the Venetians took it back in 1258 after a thirteen month siege. The dispute was finally resolved by the treaty of Thebes end 1261, under which the prince recognised the rights of the triarchs Guglielmo da Verona, Narzotto dalle Carceri and Grapella in return for their recognition of his suzerainty.

1358-.. Regent Simona Fadrique de Aragón of 1/3 of Negroponte, Euboea, Tinos and Mykonos
After the death of her husband, Giorgio II Ghisi, she was in charge of the government in the name of her son, Bartolomeo III (d. 1383/90). She held the city of Thebes as her Dowry.


1316-21 Countess Regnant Beatrix
Succeeded husband


Ioannia (Jannina) (in Epirus)

1384-94 Acting Lady Maria Angelina Dukaina Palailologina
She was daughter of
Tomaida Orsini, daughter of Joannes Orsini, Despot of Epirus and  Simeon Uros Palaiologos, Tsar of the Serbs, Greeks and Albania. Her first husband Toma Preljubovic, was Despot of Jannina until he was murdered in 1384. The fllowing year she married Isaul Buondelmonti-Acciaiuoli, who also became Despot of Jannina (†1411). She lived (1350-94).

1411 Regent Dowager Despotess Eudokia Balšić
When her husband, Esau de' Buondelmonti, died, she attempted to maintain control of Ioannina in the name of her infant son Giorgio, but she was not popular with the local nobility and when they learned that she was seeking to marry a Serbian nobleman, they promptly deposed her and her son just 20 days after his accession. He survived until at least 1453, and his name appears in various Ragusan documents.

Ios An island in the Cyclades located south of Naxos and north of Thera. It is one of seven locales reputed to be the birthplace of Homer.

1250-76 Felicia  dalle Carceri
Jointly with Otto de Cicone. Also Princess of the Second Triarchy of Euboea.

1317-? Maria da Verona
Jointly with Alphonse Fadrigue, who reigned until 1338. Also Princess of the Second Triarchy of Euboea.

Ca 1500 Lucretia Loredani

1508-36 Adriana Crispo
Jointly with Alexander Pisani


Karystos (Island State)

1216 Princess Regnant Jezebel
Also known as Isabelle.
Under the division of Eubœa established in 1217 by Venice following the death of her husband, Ravano dalle Carceri, she acquired ½ of the southern barony with the town of Karystos, the other ½ being assigned to her daughter.

1216-40 Princess Regnant Berta dalle Carceri
After the death of her father, Ravano, she shared the Barony with her mother, Isabelle.

1250-76 Princess Regnant Felisa
Succeeded brother-in-law. From 1276-96 Byzans ruled the state with her as vassal.

1296-13.. Princess Agnes de Cicon
Daughter of Felisa, who reigned (1250-76). The state was under Byzantine rule 1276-96. 

Karytene (Skorta)

1275-79 Countess Regnant Isabelle de la Roche
On the death of her first husband,  Geoffroi de Briel de Bruyères. the lordship of Karytena escheated to Guillaume de Villehardouin Prince of Achaia, who then allowed her to retain half of it as her portion. Also known as Jezebel I.

1287-99 Countess Regnant Helena Angelus
Succeeded husband, Hugues II de Brienne (1277-96), the second husband of Isabelle de la Roche

1308-11 Jezebel II Villehardouin

1311 Marguerite de Savoia
She resigned and the principality was incorporated into Achaea.

Kephalliena (Ionian Island) (Island State)

1341-46 Governor Catherine de Valois of Napoli
In 1331-41 she was Regent of Tarent (Napoli) and 1332-33 Princess of Albania and 1333-46 Princess of Achaia. Titular Empress of Constantinople

1335-? Regent Dowager Princess Anna Angela Komnena
For Nikephoros (1335-57)

1364 Governor Marie de Bourbon
Succeeded husband

1381-83 Regent Maddalena de Buondelmant
For son. She (d. 1401)

Keos (Island State) An island in the northwestern Cyclades, north of Kythnos and south of the southeastern tip of Euboea.

13?? Princess Regnant Maria
Succeeded father

1364-75 Co-Princess Regnant Catharina Michieli 
Together with sister she succeeded father

1364-75 Co-Princess Regnant Angelina Michieli

1375-? Maria da Coronia


BCE 314-13 Ruler Kratesipolis of Korinthos and Siyon
In 308 she handed over Korinthos to Ptolomeos I of Egypt

BCE 245 Dowager Tyran Nikaia of Korinthos and Euboia
She was married to the uncle of Alexander the Great, Antigonos Gonatas, Governor of Macedonia etc. His co-ruler until he was deposed in 250. She married his son Demetrios II.

Kyparissa (Arcadia) Ancient town of Messinia in southwestern Peloponnesus, a strong port overlooking the Ionian Sea, and one of the few locales to resist the Frankish invasion of 1204. From 1261 it was constituted the Barony of Arcadia.

1338 Aneza d'Aunoy
Jointly with Stephen the Black


Lemnos (Stalimene) (Island State)

1267-70 Princess Regnant Maria Samduro
She held out against the Byzantines for 3 years after death of her husband, Paolo Navigajoso, who had been appointed mega dux by the Latin Emperor and held the island of Lemnos as a fief. And she resisted Byzantine attempts to reconquer it before she left the island.

Lesbos (Island State)

From 1354 Princess Maria Palailologina of Byzans
Her brother, emperor Jean V gave her the island as dowry when she married Baron Francesco Gattilusio

Lisarea and Morena

1280-86 Signora Regnant Marquritte Seignora


Milos and Kimolos (Island State) An island in the southwestern Cyclades, located south of Siphnos and Seriphos. 

Around 1286 Cassandra Sanduro

1376-14... Fiorenza Sanduro
From 1383 jointly with Maria. She
Succeeded her father.

1383-1437 Maria Sanduro
Jointly with Fiorenza.


1316-23 Despina Irene Palailologina of Byzans
Together with husband Despot Andronikos.


Nauplia (Modern version Navplion) A port city near Argos, in the Peloponnessus, the first capital of modern Greece (1829-1834). 

1208 Eudocia Angelos
Succeded by Theodore Angelos-Comnenos

1311-56 Niccola Foucherolla
The state was in the hands of the De La Roche family of Athena 1212-1311. She was succeded by Vonna.

1356-? Vonna Foucherolla
Jointly with Guido d'Anghien, who was succeded by their daughter, Maria, in 1377.

1377-88 Maria d'Anghien
The state was taken over by Venezia (Venice) in 1388.

Naxos and of the Archipelago/Naxos et de L'Archipel (Island State which included the islands of Naxos, Paros, Antiwar, Kimolos, Ios, Kythnos, Sikinos, Siphnos, Syra, Amaphe, Santorin (Thera), Astypalaia, Tinos, Mykonos, Skyros, Skopelos, Seriphos, Keos, Cerigo (Kythera), and Cerigotto (Antikythera) and later also Andros)

1362-71 Sovereign Duchess Fiorenza I Sanudo
After she succeeded her father, Venice vetoed her potential second husbands, first the Genoese lord of Chios, then Nerio Acciaiuoli future Duke of Athens, anxious to increase its influence over the duchy by arranging a suitable match for her.  She was kidnapped by Venetian agents, taken to Crete and blackmailed into marrying her cousin Niccolo Sanudo as her second husband, and he was granted the title Duke on his marriage and after her death, he continued to govern the duchy as avogier on behalf of her son by her first husband, She had first been married to Giovanni dalle Carceri, Lord of Euboea (d. 1358), Niccolo II dalle Carceri, who was murdered in 1383. She (d. 1271).

1383-?? Duchess Fiorenza II Sanudo
She succeeded Niccolo II dalle Carceri, the son of her counsin, Fiorenza, after he was murdered by her husband, Francesco Crispo, Baron of Astrogidis in Eubœa and Duke of Naxos  by the right of his wife. She had succeeded her father, Marcolino Sanudo as Lady of Milos when he died after 1376.

1437-1444 Regent Dowager Duchess Francesca Morosini
After the death of her husband, Giovanni II Crispo of Naxos, she first imprisoned by her brother-in-law, Guglielmo Crispo, who claimed the regency for his son, but after 4 years she took over as regent for her son Giacopo II (1433-47). After the death of his cousin Andrea Zeno Lord of Andros in 1437, the Venetians installed their nominee Francesco Quirini to rule the island, Duke Giacomo being blackmailed into acceptance by threat of attack. In 1440 a Venetian court ruled in favour of Crusino I Sommaripa, son of Maria Sanudo, as ruler of Andros. Her daughter Adriana was deprived of her rightful inheritance by Guglielmo. She (d. after 1455)

1463/64 Regent Dowager Duchess Petronella Bembo
After the death of her husband, Francesco II Duke of Naxos, she became regent for her son, Giacopo III (1463/4-80). The Turks attacked Andros in 1468 and 1470, and Naxos in 1477. His unnamed daughter held the island of Santorini as her dowry.

1813-53 Titular Duchess Francesca Crispo
Succeeded her brother, married to the Maltese noble Saverio Coronelle


1280-1220 Countess Regnant Sachette
Succeeded father and co-ruled with husband Androuin de Villers

Oroeos (Island State)

1220-55 Princess Regnant Carintana
Daughter of Prince Narzotto (1247-64). She ruled toghether with her relative, Maria.

1310-13 Princess Regnant Alix
Her father Narzotto ruled (1247-64).

1310-22 Princess Regnant Maria
Her father, Gaetano ruled (1264-80). The two Princess Regnants were distant relatives, I don't know why they ruled together.



1250-76 Baroness Regnant Marguerite
Succeeded father and co-ruled with husband Gilbert de Cors till his death in 1258.

1314-? Countess Regnant Guillerme
Succeeded husband.

Paros (Island State) An island in the cenjtral Cyclades, just west of Naxos, and south of Delos and Mykonos.

Circa 1389 Maria Sanudo
Jointly with Gaspar Sommaripa

1518-20 Pretender Fiorenza di Sommaripa
1520 Princess Regnant
She was daughter of Gasparo di Sommaripa and Maria Sanudo of Naxos. The Principality was
confiscated by her brother-in-law Duke Giovanni II after the death of her husband, but she was restored after pressure from Venice.

1531-35 Pretender Caecilia
1535-37 Princess Regnant
Daughter of Nicolo II (1520-31). Co-ruled with Bernado Sagredo (d. 1603) The island had been in the hands of Venezia 1531-35, and was conquered by the Osman Turks 1537. She died 1543.

Pheres-Dimitrias In southern Thessaly, beside the modern port of Volos. Pheres is the ancient town, while Dimitrias was a Mediaval Principality.

1333-40 Sovereign Princess Anna Melissinos
In succession to Stephan.


Santorin (Thera and Therasia) (Island State)

1479-80 Princess Regnant Fiorenza Crispo
Succeeded father. 1463-1528 she was Dame of Namfio in the main-land. Co-ruled with Domenico Pisano.

Scyros-Scopelos and Sciathos/Skyros, Skiathos and Skopelos (Island State)

Circa 1251-before 98 Lady Marchesina Ghisi
Succeeded her father, Geremia Ghisi, the Lord of Andros.
Married to Lorenzo Tiepolo who was elected Doge of Venice in 1268. Her sister, Isabetta was Heiress of the island of Amorgos. 

Sifanto and Zia (The latter until 1476) (Island State)

1464-1505 Princess Regnant Marietta da Corogna
Married to Nicolo Gozzadini II

Salona (Amphissa)
1382-94 Regent Dowager Countess Helena Asanina Kantakouzene
After the death of her husband, Louis Fadrique, she was
regent of Salona for daughter, Maria, until she was killed by the Turks who had invaded the city of Salona.  She was daughter of Matthaios Asanes Kantakuzenos ex-co-Emperor of Byzantium & his wife Eirene Palaiologina (d. 1394). 

1382-94 Countess Regnant Maria Fadrique de Aragón, Lady of Siderokastron
The Turks, under Sultan Bayezid I, besieged Salona in early 1394. The Greek Orthodox Bishop of Salona opened the city gates to them as he was anxious to dispossess her and her mother, whose administrative abuses had been excessive. She was taken for the Sultan's harem, but he refused her, and she died in prison at Adrianople shortly after. She lived (circa 1370-95)



From 1106 Regent Dowager Duchess Constanza
For son Beomondo

1405-07 Regent Dowager Duchess Maria d'Enghieni
She was Countess of Lecce 1384-1414 and married to Wladislaw of Napoli, who died 1414 and was succeeded by his sister, Giovanna II.

1463-76 Regent Dowager Duchess Isabelle de Clermont


1240-.. Lady Bonne de la Roche of 1/2 of Thebes
She succeeded brother and was married to Bela de Saint Omer, who became joint lord of Thebes in the right of his wife. She was daughter of Othon de la Roche-sur-l'Ognon
, Seigneur de Ray, Lord of Athens

Therasia and Nio (Island State)

1508-37 Princess Regnant Adriana
Co-ruled with Alessandro Pisano of Antiparos


1207-1221 Regent Dowager Queen Maria
For son Demitrius. The country was conquered by Theodor Duccas of Epirus, who had himself proclaimed Emperor of Thessalonica in 1225

1243-63 Titular Queen Hélène
Daughter of Bonifacio II de Monferrato and married to Guglierlmo dele Carceritercier de Negrepont

1284-1316 Titular Queen Margaritha
She was Markgravine regnant of Monferrato in Italy 1305-16. Her father transferred his claims to the titular throne when she married Andrikos II of Byzans

Tinos (Thenos) (Island State)

1352-58 Princess Regnant Simona de Argon
Succeeded husband


Veligosti and Damala

1311-27 Countess Regnant Jacqueline de la Roche
Succeeded father


1327-28 Countess Regnant Agnes
Succeeded father

1328-59 Countess Regnant Guillermette
Succeeded mother. Abdicated

1359-63 Countess Regnant Marie de Bourbon


1327-28 Baroness Agnes
Succeeded father. Succeeded by Guillermette

Around 1326 Heiress Helene de Charpigny
Married to Marino Ghisi, Lord of Tinos in 1326.

1328-59 Princess Guillermette
She abdicated in favour of Marie de Bourbon.

1359-63 Princess Marie de Bourbon
Also known as Marie de Clermont she acted as Princess of Archaia and Governor of Kephalliena for Napoli 1364-70 after the death of her husband, Robert d'Anjou-Napoli di Tarento. Also married to Hugues de Lusignan, and later sold the Baronies of
Vostitza and Nivelet to Nerio Acciaiulo, Duke of Athens and Vicar-General in Corinth (d. 1394).

Zakinthos (Zante)

1317-39 Margherita Orsini
Heiress of half the lordship. She marrried Guglielmo II Tocco, G
overnor of Corfu 1328. She was daughter of Giovanni Orsini, Lord of Leukas and Count of Kefalonia and Maria Komnene Dukaina Angelina of Epirus. She (d. 1339).


Last update 28.12.08