Female Presidents of Parliaments 2000-2010

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership


This is a list of female Presidents of Parliaments. Included are territories with self-rule and nominal autonomous regions in the former USSR and Czechoslovakia and in Yugoslavia, which are now independent. 
Also see Current Female Presidents of Parliaments
Female Heads of Assembly prior to the 20th Century
and Female Heads of Parliamentary Bodies

2000-04 President of the Congreso de los Diputados Luisa Fernanda Rudi Úbeda, Spain  

Conservative MP 1986-96, 2000-04 and 2008-11, 3. Secretary of the Congreso 1993-96, Mayor of Zaragoza 1995-2000 and Government President of Aragón 2011-15 (b. 1950-).

2000 Joint Chairperson of the Consiglio Grande e Generale Maria Domenica Michelotti, San Marino

As Captain Regent she was Head of State, Government and Parliament for a six-month period jointly with a man. She is a civil servant and since 2003 member of the Parliament during the absence of leave of one of the other members of the Christian Democrat Group. (b. 1952-).

2000- Speaker of the House of Representatives Alix Boyd Knights, Dominica

Former human Right's Advocate. In 2013 she was the government's nominee for President until she withdrew. The next nominee, Jennifer Wallace Lafond, former Permanent Secretary of Education, also withderew, the opposition nominated Dorothy Leevy, former principal of the Convent High School, but a man became president in an election boycutted by the opposition in parliament. 

2000-01 President of the Asemblea Legislativa Rina Maria Contreras López, Costa Rica

Parliament Vice-President 1998-2000, President of Partido Unidad Social Cristiana 2001-02, Minister of the Presidency 2002-03 and and appointed Ambassador in the Organisation of American States, OAS in 2004. (b. 1950-).

2000-01 President of Cámara de Representantes Nancy Patricia Gutiérrez Castañeda, Colombia
2007-08 President the Congress and of the Senate

1995-96 Secretary of Environment of Cundinamarca,  Secretary General of the Government 1996-97 and sometime Acting Governor, member of the House of Representatives from 1998. (b. 1963-).

2000-01 President of the Ständerat/Conseil des Etats/Consiglio degli Stati Françoise Saudan, Switzerland

1995 President of Grand Conseil of Génève, 1999-2000 1. Vice-President of the Ständesrat. (b. 1939-).

2000 President of the Bundesrat Johanna Auer, Austria

Member of the Bundesrat from 2000, and was President from the 28th to the 31st of December 2000. (b. 1950-).

2000 Acting President of the Congreso Nacional  Luz Salgado Rubianes de Parades, Peru (Nov.-Dec.)
2016-16 President of the Congress

1992 Vice-Minister of Regional Development in the Ministry of the Presidency 1993-96, member of the Directive Council of the Democratic Constitutient Congress, 1996-97 and 1998-99 3. Vice-President and from July 2000 1. Vice-President. In this capacity she was acting President after Martha Hillebrandt was forced from office and again after that Hillebrandt's successor became acting President of the Nation. In 2000 she was also leader of Perú Posible in the Congress

2000 President-Elect of the Congreso Nacional Susana Gonzáles Muños, Ecuador (01.08-29.08)

The independent member of the Congress was elected President, but the largest party, The Christian Socialist Party objected to the choice and appealed at a local court in August 2000. Later the Constitutional Court ruled that the elections had to be repeated. At the 29.8 Congress elected another independent MP from the majority as President with Nina Pacari as acting President. (b. 1944-).

2000 Acting President of the Congreso Nacional Nina Pacari Vega, Ecuador (01-)29.08)

1999-2000 2. Vice-President of Congreso Nacional, she was the only remaining member of the Leadership of the Parliament and thus was acting head, and Presided over the election over a new President after the election of Susana Gonzáles had been proclaimed invalid. She was the first from the native Quéchua-Indian population to become vice-President of the congress. In 2003 Foreign Minister. (b. 1960-)

2000 Acting Speaker of the National Assembly Clarissa S. Riehl, Guyana (15.10-23.10)

As an Opposition MP and the Deputy Speaker 1997-2011, she acted as Speaker after the death of Derek Chunnilall Jagan until a successor was elected.

2000-01 President of the Union of Parliamentarians of MERCOSUR Mirta Elsa Rubini (Argentina)

Later also Vice-President of the General Assembly of the Conferation of American Parliamentarians.

2000-04 President of the Assembly of European Regions Liese Prokop (Austria)  

Government Councillor from 1981 and Vice Minister President 1992-2004 of Niederösterreich. Also vice-President of The ÖVP (Conservatives) of the state, and first Vice-President of the  Assembly of Regions which is part of the European Union setup 1999-2000. Federal Minister of Interior in Austria 2004-06 until she died of a hard attack on new years eve. She lived (1941-2006).

2000 President of Nordic Council Sigriður Anna þorðardóttir (Iceland)  

Chairperson of the Parliament Group of Sjálfstæðismanna (the Independence Party) 1998-2003 and Vice-Chairperson 2003-04, Vice-President of the Nordic Council 1999-2004, Minister of Environment 2004-06 and Minister of Nordic Cooperation 2005-06, Vice-Chairperson of the Alþing from 2006. (b. 1946-).

2000 Chairperson of the Belelux Parliament Mr. W.J.C. Wildens-Rozendaal (The Netherlands)

Willie Wildens was Dutch MP for PvdA 1986-2002.

2000 President of the World Health Assembly Dr Libertine Appolus Amathila (Namibia)

Member of the Namibian government from 1987, she was Minister of Health and Social Service 1996-2005 and has been Deputy Prime Minister since 2005. The World Health Assembly is the supreme decision-making body for WHO. Its main function is to determine the policies of the Organization. The Health Assembly appoints the Director-General, supervises the financial policies of the Organization, and reviews and approves the Proposed programme budget. (b. 1940-).

Around 2000- President of the Kotu Nui The Tika Mataiapo Dorice Reid, Cook Islands (In Free Association with New Zealand)

The Kotu Nui or Council of Chiefs is a council consisting of sub-chiefs.

2001-03 and 2004-07 and 2008 Chairperson of the Parlamenti Nino Burjanadze, Georgia
2001-02 President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation

Elected Parliament Chair after her predecessor resigned amid serious political upheaval when President Eduard Shevardnadze sacked his entire cabinet. She was Acting President until January the following year and again 2007-January 2008. She did not run for parliament in 2008. Her surname is also transcribed Burdzhanadze. (b. 1964-).

2001-04 President of the Narodna Skupština Natasa Micic, Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro)

The first woman and the youngest President of the Serbian National Assembly for the last 125 year. Natasa Micic. In December 2003 she became Acting President since the attempt to elect a President has failed twice and continued her duties as Chairperson of the Parliament. (b.1965-)

2001-05 President of the Parliamentul Eugenia Ostapciuc, Moldova

Former civil servant, she was Secretary of the Parliamentary Group of the Communist Party 1998-2000. From 2005 Leader of the Communist Faction in Parliament. (b. 1947-).

2001-02 President of the Skupštine Vesna Perovic, Montenegro (Yugoslavia)

Spokesperson of the Liberal Alliance. She worked in the office of State prosecutor of Serbia and in the Constitutional court of Serbia. After second marriage she moved to Montenegro. As the daughter of a Croat father and Serbian mother, she has declared herself as “Yugoslav”. (b. 1954-).

2001-05 President of the Odelsting Ågot Valle, Norway

Member of the Storting for The Socialist Left Party (SV) since 1997. (b. 1945-).

2001-02 President of the Nationalrat/Conseil national/Consiglio nazionale Liliane Maury Pasquier, Switzerland

Municipal Councillor of Vevirier 1983-92 and Member of the Grand Council of Génève 1993-95 until she was elected member of the National Council. (b. 1956-).

2001-05 Speaker of the Lagting Viveca Eriksson, Åland (Finish External Territory)

Chairperson of the Liberal Parliamentary Group 1999-2001, Member of the Speaker's Conference 1999-2000, Chairperson of the Finance Committee 1999-2001, 2000-01, 2005-07 and from 2011. Party Chairperson 2004-11 and Premier (Lantråd) 2007-11. (b. 1956-).

2001-03 and 2013- Speaker of the Legislative Assembly Juliana O’Connor-Connolly, Cayman Islands (United Kingdom External Dependency)

Minister of Community Development, Sports, Youth Affairs and Culture 1997-2000 and 2003-04 and Minister for Planning, Communications, District Administration and IT 2004-05, Deputy Leader of Government Business and Minister for District Administration, Agriculture, Environmental Health, Public Works, Telecommunication and  Gender Affairs, Premier 2012-13, Deputy Leader of the United Democratic Party 2009-12 and Leader of People's National Alliance in 2013

2001-13 Presiding Officer of the House of Assembly Anne Mitchell-Gift, Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago)

Head Librarian of Tobago, a self-ruling island.

2001-11 President of the Assembly Marjorie Morton, Nevis (St. Kitts and Nevis)
An autonomous island within the kingdom

2001-04 President of L'Assemblée Lucette Taaroamea Taero, Polynésie Française (French External Territory)

Minister for Employment, Professional Training and responsible for Social Dialogue and Women’s Affairs 1997-2001. (b. 1957-).

2001 Acting President of the Senate Brunilda Ortiz, Puerto Rico (USA) (01-08.01)

Secretary of the Senate circa 1998-2001 after a career as politically appointed administrator. The Secretary acts as President from the installation of the newly elected Senate til it convenes to elect the presiding officer. (b. 1959-).

2001-03 President of the Andean Parliament Jhannett Madriz Sotillo (Venezuela)
2003-04 President of the Parliamentary Confederation of the Americas

2000-2001 1.st Vice-President of the Andean Parliament, the
institution that supervises and promotes the process of subregional integration of the member-states, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela. 2002-2003 First Vice-President of the Parliamentary Confederation of the Americas (COPA)

2001-05 Chairperson of the Executive Board of UNESCO Professor Aziza Bennani  (Morocco)

Head of the Department of Hispanic Studies 1974-88, Dean of the Mohammedia Faculty of Humanities and Human Sciences 1988-94, High Commissioner for Disabled Persons 1994 and was Minister of Culture until 1998. From 1999 she has been Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Morocco to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (b. 1943-).

2002 President of the Bundesrat Uta Barbara Pühringer, Austria

She was member of the Landtag of Oberösterreich 1996-96 when she became member of the Bundesrat for the Österreichischen Volkspartei. (b. 1943-).

2002-03 President of the Cámara de Diputados Adriana Muñoz D'Albora, Chile

1988-90, 1991-92 and 2000-02 Vice-President of Partido por la Democracia. Member of the Chamber 1990-94 since 1998 and 1. Vice-President in 1998. (b. 1948-).

2002-07 President of the Senate Dr. Linda Baboolal, Trinidad and Tobago

Chairperson of Peoples National Movement 1996-2002. Minister of Social Welfare and Consumer's Affairs 1991-95 and Minister of Health 1995. Only a couple of days after her election to Senate President, she became Acting President of the Republic during the travels abroad and illness of President Robinson in April, July and October. She acted on many occations during her whole tenure when the President was out of the country. There were speculations that the government would nominated her as State President in 2008, but the incumbent was re-elected.

2002 Acting President of the Senate Christine Kangaloo, Trinidad and Tobago (10-17.04 and 11.07-25.07)
2015- President of the Senate
A few days after having been elected vice-President in 2002, she acted as President of the Upper Chamber during Linda Baboolal's tenures as Acting President of the Republic. Minister in the Office of the Prime Minister 2002-05, Minister of Legal and Consumer's Affairs 2005-07 Minister of Legal Affairs and Consumer Affairs and Minister of Science, Technology and Tertiary Education 2007-10. (b. 1960-)

2002-09 Speaker of The Országgyülés Dr. Szili Katalin, Hungary

As Speaker Dr. Szili was Deputy Head of state. She Political State Secretary of Environmental Protection 1994-98 and Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly 1998-2002. Presidential Candidate in 2005 and candidate for Mayor of Pecs in 2009. (b. 1956-).

2002-07 and 2012- President of the Senate Sharon Wilson, The Bahamas

An Attorney and former Magistrate.

2002-06 Chairperson of the Saeima Ingrīda Ūdre, Latvia

From 1998 Co-Chairperson and 1998-99 Vice-Chairperson of the Saeima Faction of the New Party, before becoming leader of Leader Union of Greens and Farmers, and it's Deputy Parliamentary Group Chairperson 2002-06. As Chairperson of the Parliament she was Deputy Head of state. 2004 Designate European Commissioner for Taxes until she was asked to withdraw her candidature. (b. 1958-).


2002-03 President Cámara de Senadores Mirtha Queuedo Acalinovic, Bolivia

Secretary of the Cámara de Diputados 1993-94, Prefect and General Commander of the Department of Oruro 1995-97, Vice-President of the Municipal Council of Oruro 2001-02 Minister of Popular Participation in 2003 and Leader of Deputies of the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario from around 2005. (b. 1960-).

2002-03 Leader of the Senate Grace Beatrice Minor, Liberia

As President Pro Tempore she is the leader of the day-to-day business of the Senate, and she the incumbent presides over the Senate in the absence of the Vice President, who is also the President of the Senate. She is also third in line of succession to the presidency, after the Vice President and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

2002 President of the Nordic Council Outi Ojala (Finland)

Since 1999 Parliamentary Leader of the Left-group in the Parliament of Finland and also Vice-President of the Nordic Council since 1999. (b. 1946-)

2002-06 President the Inuit Circumpolar Conference Sheila Watt-Cloutier (Canada)

1995-2002 Vice-President of the ICC and President of the Canadian branch of ICC from 1995. (b. 1953-).

2002-03 President of L'Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie Louise Harel (Canada)

1981-85 Minister of Cultural Communities and Immigration, Spokesperson on various issues for the opposition, 1994-2002 Minister of State and Minister in charge of various Portfolios, President of the National Assembly of Quebec 2002-2003 and Interim Leader of the Parti Québécois and of the Opposition in the National Assembly in 2005. (b. 1946-).

2002 and 2003 Chairperson of the Presidium of the Baltic Assembly Giedrė Purvaneckienė (Lithuania)

Social Democratic MP and Head of the Lithuanian delegation to the Baltic Assembly 2001 and 2001-02, 2002-03 and 2004 its Vice-Chairperson. (b. 1945-)

2002-09 Co-President of the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly Glenys Kinnock (United Kingdom)  

The EU Co-chair of the Assembly of the agreement between the African, Caribbean and the Pacific States with the European Union jointly with the ACP Co-President, who is a man. She was the 1. Vice-President of the Assembly 1994-2002 and British Minister of State of Europe from 2009 and appointed a Baroness. She is married to the former British Labour Leader Neil Kinnock, who was given the title of Baron in 2004 upon his retirement as EU-Commissioner, and her son is married to the Chairperson of the Danish Social Democrats, Helle Thorning-Schmidt. (b. 1944-).

2002-03 President of the Parliamentary Confederation of the Americas Laura Pavón Jaramillo (Mexico)

Former Representative of the Congress of the State of Mexico, Mayor of Toluca City, capital of the State of Mexico, Representative of the Federal Congress of Mexico for three legislative periods. She was also Senator of the Republic and Secretary of the Senate and participated in several major parliamentary institutions and legislative committees.

2002-06 Chairperson of the Inter-Parliamentary Forum of the Americas Céline Hervieux-Payette (Canada)

Canadian Liberal MP 1979-85, 1980-82 Parliamentary Secretary to the Solicitor General, 1982-84 Minister of State (Amateur Sport) and 1984 Minister of State (Youth). Senator since 1995 and Leader of the Opposition in the Senate and lieutenant of the Leader of the Liberals in Quebec from 2007. (b. 1941-).

2003-04 President of the Cámara di Diputados
2014-15 President of the Senate Isabel Allende Bussi, Chile

1990-92 Vice President Partido Socialista de in Charge of International Relations since 1992 National Vice President and in 1993-94 Acting President (December-January). She has been MP in a number of years. Daughter of President Salvador Allende Gossens. (b. 1945-).

2003 Speaker of the Eduskunta/Riksdag Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Finland (25.03-15.04) 

In 1991-94 and 1999-2000 Deputy Parliamentary Leader and since 2000 leader of Suomen Keskusta/Centern i Finland, 1994-95 Minister of Justice. 2003 also appointed Government Formateur as the leader of the largest party and Premier Minister from April to June. (b. 1955-).

2003 Acting Speaker of the Eduskunta/Riksdag Liisa Jaakonsaari, Finland (15.04-22.04)

Acted as Speaker when Anneli Jääteenmaki vacated the post to become Premier Minister. In 1987-93 Deputy Parliamentary Leader and since 1992 Second Deputy Chairperson of The Social Democrats, 1995-99 Minister of Labour, 1999-2003 Chairperson of the External Affairs Committee and Member of the Presidium 1999-2003 and again from 2003. 1. Vice-Speaker in 2003. Her Faction rejected her as Vice-Speaker in favour of a male MP who never previous held any office in Parliament. (b. 1946-).

2003-06 and 2007-14 Chairperson of the Riigikogu Ene Ergma, Estonia

She holds a D.Sc. in physics and mathematics, became professor 1988 and Vice-President of the Estonian Academy of Sciences 1999-2003. Parliament Vice-Chair 2006-07 and Presidential Candidate in 2006. As Parliament Chair she was also Deputy Head of State. (b. 1944-).

2003-09 Chairperson of the Eerste Kamer of the Staten General mr. Y.E.M.A. Timmerman-Buck, The Netherlands

Yvonne Timmerman was Secretary of the  C.D.A. Parliamentary Faction in the Second Chamber 1999-2001 before becoming Faction Chairperson in 2001. Member of the Council of State from 2009. (b. 1956-).

2003-04 Chairperson of the Council of Chiefs Paramount Chiefess Kgôsi Mosadi Seboko a Mokgôsi of Balete, Botswana

On the 3rd of December 2001 She was elected to succeed her brother Seboko II Mokgôsi (1959-2001) as head of the baMalete tribe. She took over her duties after her election, which was approved by the minister of Local Government, Margaret Nasha, in the beginning of January 2001. When she was crowned in August 2003 she had already become leader of the House of Chiefs. Mother of two children. (b. 1950-)

2003-04 and 2014 Joint Chairperson of the Consiglio Grande e Generale Valeria Ciavatta, San Marino

As Capitano Reggente she was both head of state, the government and of the parliament. Member of the Grand and General Council for the Alianza Populare since 1993 and Chairperson of the Council Group 2002-05, Party President 2006, Minister of Minister of Internal Affairs and Civil Protection and Accomplishment of the Programme 2006-08. Mother of twins. (b. 1959-).

2003 Acting President of the Sobranie Liljana Popovska, Macedonia (08.-18.11)

1998-2002 Deputy Minister of Development and Vice-President of the Parliament 2002-04 until she was expelled from her party and was voted out by the Parliament, as is Vice-President. (b. 1956-).

2003 Acting President of the Constituent and Legislative Assemby Transitional Parliament Philomène Omatuku Atshakawo Akatshi, The Democratic Republic of Congo

2000 Second Vice President of the Constituent and Legislative Assemby - Transitional Parliament, 2003-06 Vice President of the National Assembly, 2006-07 Minister of Industry and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises and 2007-08 Minister of Women's Affairs.

2003-07 Speaker of the Legislative Council Inez Archibald, British Virgin Island (External Territory of the United Kingdom)

Vivian Inez Archibald has been a member and Chairperson of the BVI Public Service Commission, the BVI Judicial and Legal Services Commission, the BVI Income Tax Appeal Board and the Family Support Network, and Deputy Governor of the Territory from 2008 and Acting Governor in August 2010 and 2014. The Deputy Speaker 2003-05 was Eileene Parsons. (b. 1945-)

2003-05 Co-President of the Polish-Ukrainian Parliamentary Assembly Jolanta Danielak (Poland)

Vice-Marshall of the Polish Senate 2001-05. (b. 1954-).

2004-06 President of the Senate Leslie-Ann Seon, Grenada

Private Attorney. Was the third female Senate President in the Country and also held the position of Acting Governor General, meaning that she acted as head of state whenever the incumbent was out of the country or otherwise incapacitated. Resigned because of a difficult pregnancy.

2004-09 Speaker of Cumhuriyet Meclisi Dr. Fatma Ekenoğlu, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

MP from 2000. As Chairperson of the Assembly of the Republic she was also Deputy Head of State. (b. 1949-).

2004-07 President of the Vouli Dr. Anna Psarouda-Benaki, Greece

Anna Benaki was Alternate Minister of Education and Religion in 1989, 1990-91 Alternate Minister of Culture, 1991-92 Minister of Culture and 1992-93 Minister of Justice and Vice-President of the Parliament 2000-04. Also Deputy Head of State. (b. 1934-).

2004-14 Speaker of the House of Representatives D. Gisele Isaac-Arrindell, Antigua and Barbuda

Giselle Isaac is the country's third Speaker, she was the second woman to be appointed Speaker of the House - but the first woman was not elected to the House until 2004. She is a social activist and novellist.

2004-08 and 2014- Speaker of the National Assembly Baleka Mbete, South Africa

Chairperson of the (ANC) Parliamentary caucus 1995-96 and Deputy Speaker 1996-2004. Chairperson of ANC from 2007.  When the President resigned in September 2008 it was expected that she would be named Acting President for the period until April 2009, but this position went to a man, who appointed her as Deputy President. (b. 1949-).

2004 (†) Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces Joyce Lesawana Kgoali, South Africa

1999-2004 Chairperson of Committees of the NCOP, and until 2004 Chairperson of the Parliamentary Caucus of ANC. She lived (1950-2004).

2004-07 President of the Senaat/Sénat Anne-Marie Lizin-Vanderpeeten, Belgium

Member of the European Parliament 1979-88, Mayor of Hoei 1983-2009, Secretary of State of  "Europe 1992" 1988-92, Member of the Chamber of Representatives, the Wallon Regional Council and of the Council of the French Community 1991-95, senator from 1999, President of the Committee of Interior Affairs 1999-2003 and of External Affairs and Defence from 2003. Queastor of the Senate 2007-09. She lived (1949-2015).

  2004-07 President of the Sang i-in Chikage Ogi, Japan

Formerly been Vice-Minister in the Directorate General of Science and Technology, 1981-83 State Secretary for Science and Technology, 2000 Minister of Construction and Minister of State and Director General of the National Land Agency and 2000-03 Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Chairperson of the New Conservative Party (Hoshushinto) 2000-03. The party, which broke away from LDP in 1994 rejoined the governing party in 2003. She resigned from the House of Councillors in 2007. (b. 1933-).

2004-05 President of the Cámara de Representantes Zulema del Carmen Jattin Corrales, Colombia

Zulema Jattin is former Advisor to various ministries, MP from 1998. As President of the Chamber of Representatives she was also Vice-President of the Congress of the Republic, which is presided over by the President of the Senate. (b. 1969-).

2004-08 Speaker of the National Assembly Marcella Liburd, St. Kitts and Nevis

Before 1999 Assistant Secretary of the Labour Party, and nominated Senator in the UniCámaral Legislature 1999-2004 and Deputy Speaker, until her appointment as Presiding Officer. She was the only female member. Elected MP in 2010 and appointed Minister of Health, Social Services, Community Development, Culture and Gender Affairs.

2004 Acting Speaker of the House of Assembly Trusty Gina, Swaziland (11. 03-11.05)
2006 Acting Speaker of the House of Assembly (26.10-03.11)

The Deputy Speaker 2003-08, she took over as Speaker on in 2004 when her predecessor resigned after a dispute with the king. In May she lost the elections for the post of Speaker. In 2006 Acting again when the former Speaker was appointed to the Cabinet.

2004-08 President of the Conseil General Nassimah Magnolia Dindar, Réunion (French Oversea's Territory)

As President of the General Council she is also Head of the Government. She was Vice-President of the Regional Council 2001-04, Presidential Advisor from 2008.  (b. 1960-).

2004 Acting Chairperson of the Island Council Brenda Christian, Pitcairn Island (United Kingdom Territory)

Member of the Island Council since 2000, Brenda Vera Amelia Lupton-Christian became Acting Mayor and Chief Executive Officer, after the former mayor was one of the many male islanders convicted of rapes and other sexual abuse of children, but one month later, she was defeated by Jay Warren, the only of the defendants to be acquitted of the charges. From 2001 she was Police Officer. (b. 1954-).

2004-08 Chairperson of National Indigenous Council Dr. Sue Gordon,

Children's Magistrate and former ATSIC-Commissioner. The Australian government replaced the ATSIC against protests from the indigenous population and the most prominent community leaders refused to be named to the non-elected advisory body.

2004-06 President of the Association of Pacific Island Legislatures Senator Joanne M. Salas Brown (Guam)

Treasurer of the Association of the Pacific Island Legislatures 2000-2001, Secretary 2001-03, Vice-President 2003-04. Also former Assistant Majority Leader in the Guam Legislature and chairperson of various committees, 2004-05 Legislative Secretary and its Vice-President 2005-07.

  2004- President of the Parliament of the African Union Gertrude Ibengwe Mongella (Tanzania)

Tanzanian Minister of State by the Prime Minister 1982-86, 1986-89 Minister of National Resources and Tourism, 1989-90 Minister without Portfolio by Premier Minister, 1990-93 Ambassador to India, 1993-95 Secretary General for United Nations-Women's Conference, 1996-2004 Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations on Women’s Development.

2004-06 President of the European Social and Economic Council Anne-Marie Sigmund, European Union (Austria)

Austrian Lawyer, Secretary-general of the Austrian Federal Committee of Liberal Professions since 1989, Member of the European Social and Economic Council from 1995 and President of Group III since 1998. (b. 1941-).

2004-05 President of the Parliamentary Confederation of the Americas Maria José da Conceição Maninha (Brazil)

Maria José Maninha was 1. secretary of the Brazilian Câmara Legislativa 2001-02.

2004 President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council Marjatta Rasi (Finland)

1987-91 Deputy Permanent Representative (Ambassador) to UN, Ambassador to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka 1991-94, Head of Finland's Development Agency 1994-98. Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations 1998-2005. (b. 1945-).

2004-05 President of the Parliament of The Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Indigenous People of Ecuador in Ecuador Sonia Vargas
2005-07 President of the Parlamento Indio Amazónico

CONFENIAE is an umbrella organization for all indigenous communities located in the Ecuadorian Amazon, and is a major component of CONAIE, Ecuador’s nation-wide indigenous confederation. Formed in 1980, the confederation comprises 13 federations, and is aligned with similar confederations in Venezuela and Brazil. It's Vice-President around 2008. She is a Kichwa Indian.

2005-14 President the Senate Hazelyn Francis, Antigua and Barbuda

A retired educator, she was Senate Vice-President 2004-05. (b. 1939-).

2005-06 President of the Cámara de Representantes Nora Castro, Uruguay

A former left-wing guerrilla who fought against the Uruguayan government in the seventies were sworn in to head the two houses of congress, she is now MP for the Movement of Popular Participation member of the leftwing alliance, and was Vice-President of the Cámara 2004-05. (b. 1947-).


2005-08 Speaker of the House of Representatives Margaret Wilson, New Zealand

President of Labour 1984-87 and Labour MP 1999-2008. Attorney General and Minister in charge of Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations 1999-2005,Associate Minister of Justice 1999-2004, Minister of Labour 1999-2004, Associate Minister of State Services 1999-2002, Minister responsible for the Law Commission 2001-2002, Minister for Courts 2002-2003, Associate Minister for Courts 2003-04, Minister of Commerce, Acting Minister for the Law Commission and Minister for Building Issues in 2004. (b. 1947-).

2005 President of the Nationalrat/Conseil national/Consiglio nazionale Thérèse Meyer-Kaelin, Switzlerland

Elected in March to fill the vacancy when the previous President of the National Council had to resign because of illness. Mayor of Estavayer-le-Lac 1991-99, member of the Grossrat of Freibourg 1996-99 and of the National Council since 1999. (b. 1948-).

2005 Joint Chairperson of the Consiglio Grande e Generale Fausta Simona Morganti, San Marino  

As Captain Regent she also served as President of the Grand and General Council. In 1974 she was one of the first three women elected to the CgeG. 1978-83 and 1988-92 Minister of State of Culture, Education and Justice, In the late 1990s Leader in Partito Progressista Democartico Sammarinese and Chief of the Parliamentary Group from around 1997 to 2002 and then again later in 2002 and Secretary of State of Public Education, Universities, Cultural Institutions and Social Affairs in 2002. (b. 1944-).

2005 President of the Guómín Dàhuì Yeh Chu-lan, Taiwan

Deputy Convener of DPP Caucus in Legislative Yuan 1992 and General Convener 1995, 2000-02 Minister of State and Minister of Transport and Communication (Third in Cabinet). 2002-04 Minister and Chairperson of the Council for Hakka Affairs, Vice-Premier 2004, Minister of the Council for Economic Planning and Development 2004 and Minister of Consumer Protection 2004-05 and from 2005 Mayor of Kaohsiung. (b. 1949-).

2005-06 President of the Senado and of the Congreso Claudia Blum de Barberi, Colombia

Senator 1991-2006. As President of the Senate she was also President of the Congress of the Republic - the union of the upper and lower chamber, the Chamber of Representatives. Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 2006. (b. 1948-).

2005-06 President of the Cámara de Diputados Norah Soruco Barba de Salvatierra, Bolivia

Norah Soruco de Salvatierra was 1. Vice-president of the Cámara de Diputados 2004-05. (b. 1946-).

2005-07 President of the l’Assemblée Nationale Immaculée Nahayo, Burundi

Also known as Mamma Imakukata, she is former Treasurer of Conseil national pour la defense de la démocratie-Forces pour la defense de la démocratie (CNDD-FDD). Minister of Solidarity, Human Rights and Gender. The widow of the former Minister of the Interior, Simon Nyandwi, she is mother of 6 children. (b. 1948-).

2005-13 President of the Kuvendi i Shqipërisë Jozefina Topalli, Albania

Jozefina Topalli Çoba was Deputy President of the Assembly of Albania 1997-2005 and is also Vice-President of the Democratic Party. (b. 1963-).

2005-07 Chairperson of the Alþing Sólveig Pétursdóttir, Iceland

Minister of Justice and Church Affairs 1999-2003. As part of the coalition-agreement in 2003 it was decided that she should take over as Chairperson of the Parliament in 2005. In the meantime she was 3rd. Vice-Chairperson of the Althing and Chairperson of the Foreign Affairs Committee. Not reelected to the Diet in 2007. (b. 1954-).

2005- President of the Senate Edna Madzongwe, Zimbabwe

Deputy Minister of Education and Culture 1993-96 and Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly 1996-2005. (b. 1943-)

2005 Acting President of the Narodno sabranie Kamelia Kassabova, Bulgaria (

As Vice-President of the National Assembly 2000-09 she took over as leader of the Parliament after her predecessor was ousted by the MPs. Her name is also transcribed as Kameliya.

2005 Acting President of the Congreso Nacional Cynthia Fernanda Viteri Jiménez, Ecuador (20.04-36.04)

Cynthia Viteri was Acting Head of the Partido Cristian Social and 1. Vice-president of the Congress from 2005 and became its Acting President when her predecessor was ousted for supporting the deposed State President, and emmidiately thereafter she swore in the Vice-President as Acting State President.  As presidential candidate in 2006 she finished fifth with about 10% of the votes. (b. 1968-).

2005-09 Speaker of the Legislative Assembly Edna Moyle, Cayman Islands (British External Territory)

She has been Secretary to the Administrator, Deputy Clerk of the Legislative Assembly and Member of the Assembly 1992-2009, 1996-2000 as Deputy Speaker and Minister of Community Development, Sports, Youth Affairs and Culture 2000-01. (d. 2013).

2005-07 Speaker of the Lagting Barbro Sundback, Åland (External Territory of Finland)

Social Democrat MP since 1979, Party Leader from 1987, is former 1. Vice-Chairperson of the City Government of Mariehamn (The Capital) was member of the Speaker's Conference of the Landsting 1995-2004 and 1. Vice-Speaker 2003-05. Chairperson of the City Government of Mariehamn 2003-07. (b. 1945-).

2005-09 Chairperson of the Staten Mervin Ras, Aruba (External Territory of the Netherlands)

Her official name is Melvin Glorinda Wyatt-Ras.

2005-07 President of the Sameting/Sámediggi Aili Keskitalo in Norway

Leader of Norske Samers Riksforbund since 2003. As President she is both Head of the Parliament and the Executive of the Sami Entity in Norway. The Parliament has got 51% female members. A few days after her election she was admitted to hospital because of heart failure. She is mother of two children. (b. 1968-).

2005 Acting President of the Sameting/Sámediggi Randi Skum in Norway (23.10-mid November)

Member of the Assembly from 1997 and Member of the Executive from 2001. She acted as President on various other occasions. (b. 1967-).

2005-09 Chairperson of the Plenary of the Sameting / Sámediggi Sylvia Simma in Sweden

Sametingsordfører she is head of the Assembly but not of the executive. (b. 1976-).


2005-07 Chairperson of Folktinget Astrid Thors in Finland

Deputy Chairperson of the Swedish People' Party 1992-2000, former member of the European Parliament and member of the Finish Diet from 2004. The Swedish Assembly of Finland, or Folktinget, protects the interests of the Swedish-speaking Finns and is a forum for political discussion and co-operation and participates in the law drafting process and issues statements on topics involving the Swedish-speaking population. Minister of European Affairs and Integration from 2007. (b. 1957-).

2005 President of the Nordic Council Rannveig Guðmundsdóttir (Iceland)

In 1988-89 Assistant to the Minister of Social Affairs, 1994-95 Minister of Social Affairs, 1993-94 and 1995-99 Parliamentary Leader of Alþýðurflokkurin, the Social Democrats, Vice-President of the Nordic Council 1998-2005 and again from 2006, Parliamentary Leader of Samfylkingarinnar, the United Left 1999-2003 and 1. Vice-Chairperson of the Alþing 2005-07. (b. 1940-).

2005 President of the World Health Assembly Elena Salgado Méndez (Spain)

Spanish Minister of Health 2004-07 and Minister of Administration 2007-09 and Vice-Premier and Finance Minister from 2009. The Health Assembly is the supreme decision-making body for the World Health Organization, WHO. It generally meets in Geneva in May each year, and is attended by delegations from all 192 Member States. Among its tasks, it considers reports of the Executive Board, which it instructs in regard to matters upon which further action, study, investigation or report may be required. (b. 1949-).

2005-06 APC Co-President of the ACP/EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly Sharon Hay-Webster (Jamaica)

The APC Co-President. Lady Kinnock has been EU Co-President since 2002. MP 1997-2012, Senior Backbencher and Convenor Backbench Alliance, Vice-President of the UNCCD Assembly 1999, APC Vice-President 2006-09. (b. 1963-).

2005-10 Chairperson of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Victoria Tauli-Corpuz (The Philippines)

Leader of various indigenous organisations among others the Tebtebba Foundation.

2005 Chairperson of the General Council of WTO Amina Chawahir Mohamed, Kenya

Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Kenya to the United Nations and other international organisations in Geneva, including the World Trade Organisation since 2000.

2006 President of the Cámara de Dipotados Marcela Gónzalez Salas y Petricioli, Mexico  

Elected to the legislature of the State of Mexico 1981-82, Member of the Chamber 1985-87 and again later. Third Vice-President 2004-05 first Vice-President 2005-06 and second Vice-President in 2006. (b. 1947-).

2006 President of the Bundesrat Sissy Roth-Halvax, Austria

The 162th president and the 14th woman to lead the Assembly of the Federal States. It’s Secretary 2004-05 and 2006-08. She lived (1946-2009).

2006- President of the Senate Chief Gelane Zwane, Swaziland

Deputy President of the Senate since 2003, she became Acting President of the Senate when the former President became Foreign Minister on 24 February and was elected to the post and later elected to the post. on 31. March. She became Acting Chief of koNtjingila in the Shiselweni region in 2004.

2006-07 Speaker of the National Assembly Belinda Bidwell, The Gambia

Deputy Speaker 2001-06. Died shortly after being replaced. She lived (1935-2007).

2006-09 Speaker of the Knesset Dalia Itzik, Israel

Former Deputy Mayor of Jerusalem in charge of Education, Labour Member of the Knesset 1992-2005, Minister of Environment 1999-2001, Minister of Trade and Industry 2001-02, Group Chairperson of Labour 2003-05 and Minister of Communication in 2005. She joined Kadima, a new party formed by Ariel Sharon in 2006. She became Acting President when the President Moshe Katsaw on his own request was temporary suspended after the Attorney General announced that he would charge the president with offences including rape, obstruction of justice and fraud, on 1. July he resigned and she continued in her role until his successor, Shimon Peres, took office. Chairperson of the Kadima Knesset Group 2009-13 and Presidential Candidate in 2014. (b. 1952-).

2006-11 Lord Speaker of the House of Lords Baroness Hayman, United Kingdom of Great Britain

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State of Environment, Transport and The Regions 1997-98, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State of Health 1998-99, Minister of State of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food 1999-2001 and Privy Councillor since 2001. Helen Hayman was created Baroness Hayman, of Darmunt Park in 1996. (b. 1949-).

2006-07 President of the Senado and of the Congreso Dilian Francisca Toro, Colombia

Former Mayor, Health Administrator, Senator 2002-13 and became Governor of Valle del Cauca in 2016. (b. 1959-).

2006-07 President of the Congreso Mercedes Cabanillas Bustamente de Llanos De la Mata, Perú

Minister of Education 1987-89 and 1989-90, 1989 Candidate for the Mayorship of Lima, from 1992 Deputy Secretary and since 2000 Co-spokesperson in the Congreso of the Socialist Party. Circa 1990-99 Senator, Presidential Candidate 1995 (Came in third) and from 2000 member of the Congreso and it's 2. Vice-President 2002-03, and Minister of Interior in 2009. (b. 1947-)

2006-10 President of the Asamblea Nacional Cilia Flores, Venezuela

Human Rights Lawyer, Co-founder and member of the Executive Commitee of Movimiento Quinta República, MP from 2000, and Coordinator of the MVR Group 2003-04 and MP from 2000 and 1. Vicepresident of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) from 2009. She is married to Foreign Minister Nicolás Maduro, Former President of the Assembly. (1953-)

2006-08 President of the House of Ariki Ada Rongomatane Ariki, Cook Islands (Free Association with New Zealand)

Her full name is Rongomatane Ada Teaupurepure Tetupu Ariki and she is the Rongomatane Ariki of the Ngati Paruarangi Tribe in Atiu and has held the title since around 1991.

2006-? President of the Indigenous Parliament of America Isabel Ortega, Bolivia

2005-06 2. Vice-president of the Indigenous Parliament of America and 2005 2. Vice-president of the Cámara de Diputados in Bolivia. (1959-)

2006-08 President of the Asamblea Constituyente Silvia Lazarte Flores, Bolivia

Indiginous Leader she headed the body drafting a new constitution for Bolivia.

2006 Acting Speaker of the Pratinidhi Sabha Chitra Lekha Yadav, Nepal (26.04-13.05)

Deputy Speaker from 1999-2007 and then Deputy Speaker of the Interim Legislature. After the Parliament was suspended in 2002, she chaired the street session of the parliament during the movement, and when it was reinstated, the former Speaker resigned because of his support for the Royal takeover of power and she took over his duties. Her party wanted to nominated her as Speaker, but the other parties in the Coalition was against it, and for that reason she refused to accept her appointment as Minister of Water a few days later.

2006 Acting President of the Antenimierampirenena Marie Zénaïde Lechat Ramampy, Madagascar (10.05-15.05)

As senior Vice-President of the National Assembly 2003-07, she took over when the former President was removed from office. She was Mayor of Ambalavao-Tsienimparihy 1995-2002 and later and Honorary Chair of the Movement for the Promotion of Gender and Development Policy. Widow of former Vice-Premier, the French born Eugène Lechat (1919-2008). She is (b. 1934-)

2006 Acting President of the Asamblea Nacional Desirée Santos Amaral, Venezuela (09.08-15.08)

1. Vice-President from January 2006, when all 167 MPs are member of he Bloc for Change politicians, supporters of  President Hugo Chavez, because the opposition boycutted the elections. Became Acting President when her predecessor was appointed Foreign Minister.

2006-14 (†) President of the Nationalrat Barbara Prammer, Austria

As Vice-President of the National Assembly she assumed the Presidential duties together with the two other members of the Presidium, when the outgoing President died two days before his successor was to take office in July 2004. She was a former Federal Minister and leading member of the Social Democrats of Austria, SPÖ, and in the obituaries it was mentioned that she would have been the most likely presidential candidate for her party in 2016. She lived (1954-2014).

2006-07 President of the Nationalrat Christine Egerszegi-Obrist, Switzerland

1989-95 Member of the Grand Council of Aargau, MP since 1995, 2. Vice-President of the Nationalrat 2004-05 and 1. Vce-President of the Nationalrat 2005-06. (b. 1948-).

2006-12 Chairperson of the Tweede Kamer Gerdi Verbeet, The Netherlands

Social Democrat MP from 2001, she was Member of the Presidium 2005-06. (b. 1951-).

2006- Chairperson of the Mejlis Akja Nurberdiyeva, Turkmenistan 

Also known as Akja Tajiyevna, Akdja, Akça and Nurberdyyeva. When the eccentric authoritarian President Saparmurat Niyazov the Chairman of the Mejlis should have become acting president in accordance with the constitution, but he was removed from office and instead a Vice-Premier became Interim Head of State and she took over the Chairmanship of the Parliament. She has been the Vice-Chair since 2003.

2006-07 President of the United Nation General Assembly Sheikha Haya Rashed Al Khalifa (Bahrain)

Also known as Sheika Hayya bint Rashid Al-Kalifha, she was Ambassador to France and UNESCO 2000-05 and Ambassador to Switzerland and Spain 2001-05 and from 2005 Advisor to the Royal Family. She is a member of the ruling Al-Khalifa-family.

2006-10 Chairperson of the Inuit Circumpolar Council Patricia A. Cochran (Alaska)

In 2006 the Inuit Circumpolar Conference changed its name to Council.

2006 President of the Parlamento Amazónico Ana Lua Reis Melena de Beekman (Bolivia)

Member of the Bolivian Cámara de Diputados, she was Head of the Interregional Assembly. Also Mayor of Cobija. (b. 1970-).

2007-11 Speaker of the House of Represenatives Nancy Pelosi, United States of America

Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi has been an MP since 1987, she was Whip of the Democratic Party 2001-02 before becoming Minority Leader in 2002. As Speaker of the House she was Presiding Officer and had great influence over the committee process, and continud as the Head of the House Majority Party and in many ways functioned as "Opposition Leader" until 2009 and again from 2011. Mother of 4 daughters and 1 son. (b. 1940-).

2007-08 President of the Senate Dr Rosemarie Husbands-Mathurin, St. Lucia
Speaker of the House of Assembly

Appointed independent Senator in 2007. Lecturer at Leicester University in United Kingdom, and mother of 6.

2007-08 Speaker of the House of Assembly Sarah Flood-Beaubrun, St. Lucia

1997-2001 Minister of Health, Human Service and Family Affairs, 1997-2004 Minister of Gender Relations, 2001-04 Minister of Home Affairs and in 2001 she gave birth to her first child. In January 2004 she was dismissed from the government because she protested against a decision to allow abortion under certain circumstances, she founded the party the Organization for National Empowerment. Resigned from parliament in 2006 and lot the subsequent by-election and then joined the opposition United Worker’s Party, appointed Deputy UN Ambassador in 2008 and Deputy Speaker of the House of Assembly in 2016. (b. 1969-)

2007-09 Speaker of the National Assembly Fatoumata Jahumpa Ceesay, The Gambia
2009 President of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Africa Region

Deputy Speaker of the ECOWAS Parliament 2003-06. She is daughter of the late Gambian leader I.M. Garba-Jahumpa and a half sister to the current Foreign Affairs Minister, Bala Garba Jahumpa. To take office 8 february.

2007-12 President of the Senate Lynn Pyfrom Holowesko, The Bahamas

Educated in The Bahamas and USA, a lawyer, Ambassador for the Environment 1995-2000 and representative to various UN Committees, Senator 2000-2002 and from 2007. Mother of 6 children and grandmother of 16. (b. 1935-).

2007 Speaker of the House of Representatives Chief Patricia Etteh, Nigeria

Patricia Olubunmi Foluke Etteh was Deputy Chief Whip for the Peoples Democratic Party 2002-07. She resigned after an inquiry found her guilty of breaking house rules in awarding contracts to refurbish parliamentary residences and buy cars. (b. 1953-).

2007 President of the Cámara de Diputados María Elena Alvarez Bernal, Mexico

MP 1976-79, 1994-97, Senator 2000-03 and MP since 2003. Vice-President of the Permanent Commission of the Congress 1997-98, Vice-President of the Senate 1998, Prosecretary of the Senate 1998, Secretary 1998 and 1999-2000, Vice-President of the Presidium of Decans of the Constituing Session of1 the Cámara 2000, Vice-President of the Cámara de Diputados 2000-04 and 2006-07. Also Suboordinator of the Parliamentary Group of PAN. (b. 1930-).

2007-08 President of the Cámara de Diputados Ruth Zavaleta Salgado, Mexico

1997-98 Secretary of Social Development and 1998-2000 of Finance the Federal District (Mexico City), Member of the Chamber of Deputies for the Partido de la Revolución Democrática from 2000 and Vice-President of the Chamber 2006-07 and again from 2008. (b. 1966-).

2007 Temporay Chairperson of the Skupština Borka Vučić, Serbia (February-May)

As President-by-Age she acted as presiding officer as the Assembly failed to elect a permanent speaker. Federal Minister for Relations with International Financial Institutions of Serbia-Montenegro 1999-2000. She lived (1926-2009).

2007 Acting President of the Kamer van volksvertegenwoordigers/Chambre des Représentants Colette Burgeon, Belgium (28.06-05.07)

1991-95 and 2003-07 Secretary of the Chamber, she chaired the Chamber of Representatives until the election of a permanent President because the president-by-age was ill. (b. 1957).

2007-09 Chairperson of Folktinget Ulla-Maj Wideroos in Finland

Group Secretary of Swedish People's Party 1995-99, Deputy Group Chairperson 1999 and Parliamentary Leader, Group Chairperson 1999-2003 and 2007-11 and Deputy Chair from 2011. Second Minister of Finance and Minister of Nordic Cooperation 2003-07. The two other candidates for the post of Chair of the Assembly of the Finish speaking people in Finland were also women. (b. 1951-).

2007 President of the World Health Assembly Jane Halton (Australia)

Secretary of the Department of Health and the Ageing in Australia since 2002.

2007-08 President of the Baltic Assembly Erika Zommere (Latvia)

Member of the Presidium 2005-07 and Vie-Presiden from 2008. (b. 1946-).

2007 President of the Andean Parliament Ivonne Juez de Abdel-Baki (Ecuador)

Ivonne Leyla Juez Abuchakra de Abdel-Baki is also known as Ivonne Juez Abuchakra de Abdel-Baki or Ivonne A-Baki, as she is normally known, was ambassador to USA 1999-2002, Presidential Candidate 2002 and Minister of External Commerce 2003-05.

2008-12 President of the Senate Andrea Gill, Belize
2008-09 President of the Forum of Presiding Officers of Legislative Assemblies of Central America

No information about her background has been provided about her. The Senate Vice-President is Dr. Deborah Mencias McMillan and 3 other of the 12 Senators are women, but there are no female members of the House of Representatives and no women in the government.

2008-13 Speaker of the National Assembly Fahmida Mirza, Pakistan

As National Assembly Speaker she is second in line to act as President ater the Chairman of the Senate, who became Interim President after the resignation of Pervez Musharraf on 18.08.08.  There was speculation that the Pakistan People's Party would field her as Presidential Candidate, Azra Pechaho, the sister of PPP-co-chair Asif Ali Zardari (widower of Benazir Bhutto) was also mentioned. Pechaho was also among the 5 party-internal contenders for the post of Prime Minister earlier in the year, but in the end Zardari was nominated as candidate himself.  Also known as Fehmida, she is a medical doctor, and has been MP since 1997. (b. 1956-).

2008- Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis Diloram Gafurjanovna Tashmukhamedova, Uzbekistan

Her name is also transcribed as Dilorom Tashmukhamedova. She was First Secretary of the Political Council of Social and Democratic Party of Uzbekistan “Adolat” (“Justice”), Head of the Parliamentary Faction and Presidential Candidate in 2007 and received 2,9% of the vote.

2008-12 President of the Skupština Slavica Đukić-Dejanović, Serbia

Dukic-Dejanovic is Vice-President of the Socijalističke partije Srbije. Acting State President in 2012

2008-13 President of the Senate Joan Purcell, Grenada

Minister of Labour and Women 1984-85, Minister of Tourism, Civil Aviation and Women's Affairs 1990-93, Minister of Works, Community Development, Public Utilities and Women 1993-95 and Minister of Information, Carriacou and Petit Martinique Affairs 1995 Twice Acting Prime Minister and from around 1996 Deputy Leader and 1998-99 acting Leader of the National Democratic Congress and Candidate for the post of Prime Minister, MP for Carriacou and Petit Martinique till 1999, when The New National Party won all 15 seats in the House of Representatives. Appointed Senator in 2008. As Senate President she was also Deputy to the Governor General.

2008-09 Speaker of the National Assembly Gwen Mahlangu-Nkabinde, South Africa

Gwendoline Lindiwe Mahlangu-Nkabinde has been MP from 1994, fomer ANC Whip, Committee Chairperson and Deputy Speaker from 2004, and took office when the former Speaker, Baleka Mbete, became Deputy State President. Chairperson of ANC Caucus in the National Council of Provinces since 2009

2008 Joint Chairperson of the Consiglio Grande e Generale Assunta Meloni, San Marino

As Joint Captain Regent she Chair the Parliament and Government apart from her role as Head of State. MP for Alleanza Popolare from 2006. Married to Fabrizio Stacchini and mother of 2 sons. (b. 1951-).

2008-13 President of the Umutwe w'Abadepite Rose Mukantabana, Rwanda

Member of La Chambre des Députés/Chamber of Deputies from 2008, which has 56,3 % female members, the highest number in the world. Before the elections the number was 48,8%. Second is Sweden with 47%, then follows Cuba with 43.2%, Finland 41.5%, 5 Argentina 40.0%, Netherlands 39.3%, Denmark 38.0%, Angola 37.3%, Costa Rica 36.8% and at 10th place, Spain 36.3%.

2008-09 President of the National Council Chiara Simoneschi-Cortesi, Switzerland

Former Member of the Grand Council of Ticino and it's President 1998-99, Member of the National Council from 1999, it's Second Vice-President 2006-07 and First Vice-President 2007-08. (b. 1946-)

2008-12 President of the Cámara Deputaţilor Roberta Anastase, Romania

MP for the Democratic Party 2004-07 and from 2008 and Secretary of the Parliamentary Group 2004-05, Observer to European Parliament 2005-06 and elected member 2007-08. (b. 1976-).

2008-10 President of the Senate Gail V.Philip, St. Lucia

Member of the Senate 2002-2010 until she was dismissed. Lawyer. (b. 1971)

2008 Acting President of the Kamer van volksvertegenwoordigers/ Chambre des Représentants Corinne De Permentier, Belgium (30.12-31.12)

Minister of Audio-Visual Affairs in the Government of the French Community 1999-2000, 2. Vice-President of the Chamber of Representatives 2004-07, Secretary of the Chamber 2007-08 and 1. Vice-President from 2008. She took over when the former President became Prime Minister.

2008-09 Chairperson of the Landsting Ruth Heilmann, Greenland (Danish External Territory)

1995-98 1. Vice-Chairperson and 2005-08 4. Vice-Chairperson of the Landsting, 1997-2001 Mayor of Maniitsoq, 2002-02 Minister of Culture, Education, Research and Church Affairs and 2003 Minister of Health and Family Affairs (b. 1945-).

2008- Speaker of the Legislature Judith Won Pat, Guam (United States External Territory)
2012- President of the Assembly of the Pacific Island Legislatures

After a by-election Democratic majority took control of the legislature, as the Republican minority refused to give up their leadership-positions, but the Attorney General ruled that the takeover was legal. 2007-2008 Treasurer of the Assembly of the Pacific Island Legislatures, 2008-10 Secretary and
2010-2012 Vice-President.

2008- Speaker of the Legislative Council Margaret Anne Catherine Hopkins, Saint Helena (UK External Territory)

A member of the Legislative Council since circa 1999, Cathy Hopkins was was Secretary to the Elected Members for Constitutional Development from circa 2003 until 2005 when a referendum rejected a proposed Ministerial System. 2001-05 Member of the Executive Council and Chairperson of the Public Health and Social Services Committee.

2008- President of the Senate Carol Ann Marie Bassett, Bermuda (External Territory of United Kingdom of Great Britain)

Businesswoman and independent Senator since 2003.

2008 Acting President the Conseil Territorial Marthe Ogoundelé-Tessi, St-Martin (French External Territory) (25.07-07.08.08)

2007-08 1. Vice-President in charge of Employment, Educational Training, Professional Training, Teaching, Culture, Youth and Sports, School Transport, Also Acting President of the Executive Council, Candidate for the Post of President in 2008 and since 2008 Member of the Executive Council.

2008- President of the Assembly of the European Regions Michèle Sabban (France)

Vice-President of the Conseil régional d'Ile-de-France, charged with General Administration Générale since 1998. (b. 1954-)

2008-09 President of the Parlamento Centroamericano Gloria Guadalupe Oquelí (Honduras)

Retired as Supreme Court Judge in 2003. (b. 1941-).

2008-09 President of the Parliamentary Confederation of the Americas Selva Judit Forstmann (Argentina)

Member of the Cámara de Senadores in Argentina in 2007-09. (d. 2009).

2008-11 President of Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference Christina Gestrin (Finland)
2011-15 Chairperson of the Folktinget

Vice-Chairperson of Svenska folkpartiet 1998–2005, Member of the Finish Parliament from 2000, Vice-President of the Nordic Council in 2008 and Member of the Presidium from 2009, and Chair of the Swedish Speaking Assembly in FInland from 2011. (b. 1967-).

2009-10 President of the Parliamentary Confederation of the Americas Edda Evangelina Acuña (Argentina)

2002-03 Secretary of Human Development and Family in the Ministry of Social Development and Family. Provincial senator in the province Buenos Aires since 2003.

2009-13 Speaker of the Parliament Joyce Bamford-Addo, Ghana

Retired as Supreme Court Judge in 2003. (b. 1941-).

2009-15 President of the Senate Rose Francine Rogombé, Gabon

Secretary of State for the Advancement of Women and Human Rights during the 1980s. As President of the Senate she was Deputy Head of State and was Interim President from June til October 2009. She lived (1942-2015).

2009-13 Speaker of the House of Representatives Jennifer Gonzáles Colón, Puerto Rico (USA External Territory)

MP from 2002. Vicepresident of the New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico (NPP) from 2009 and Minority Leader from 2013. (b. 1976-).

2009 President of the Nordic Council Sinikka Bohlin (Sweden)

Swedish Social Democrat MP from 1988 and Vice-President of the Nordic Council 2006-09. (b. 1947-).

2009 President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council Sylvie Lucas (Luxembourg)

Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations 1995-2003, Ambassador to Portugal and Cape Verde 2003-04 and worked in the Foreign Ministry until she became UN Ambassador in 2008. (b. 1965-).

2009-13 Chairperson of the Alþing Ásta R. Jóhannesdóttir, Iceland

Social Democratic MP 2000-13, Vice-Chairperson of the Alþing 2007-09 and Minister of Social Affairs in 2009. (b. 1949-).

2009-14 Speaker of the Lok SabhaMeira Kumar, India

Former diplomat, MP from 1985, General-Secretary, All India Congress Committee 1990-1992 and 1996-1999, Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment 2004-09 and Union Minister for Water Resources in 2009. She is a Dalit, a member of India’s lowest caste and married to a Supreme Court Lawyer. (b. 1945-).

Courtesy of Bina Mani, GIS

2009- Speaker of the Legislative Assembly Mary Lawrence, Cayman Islands (United Kingdom External Territory)

Independent politician since 1968, teacher and community worker.

2009-10 Speaker of the National Assembly Elizabeth Yaminde Renner, Malawi

Teacher, school principal, Nominated Member of Parliament 1990-04 and from 2009. Deputy Ombudsmand 2007-09.

2009 Acting President of the Congreso Nacional Mary Elizabeth Flores Flake, Honduras

Congress Member for the Partido Liberal de Honduras and 2006-09 1. Vice-President of the Congreso Nacional . Took over as Acting President when the former President became Interim Head of State after the elected President was outed by a coup d'etat. Ambassador to the United Nations from 2010. (b. 1973-).

2009-13 and 2014- President of the National Assembly Tsetska Tsacheva, Bulgaria

Former Vice-President of the World Bank, MP from 2009 and  Presidential Candidate in 2016.

2009-12 Speaker of the Seimas Irena Degutiené, Lithuania

Medical Doctor, 1994-97 Vice-Minister of Health, Minister of Labour and Social Affairs 1997-2000, Acting Prime Minister twice in 1999 and Deputy Speaker of the Seimas 2008-09 and since 2012.(b. 1949-).

2009 and 2010-11 President of the Dom Naroda Dušanka Majkić, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Former Chairperson of the Serbian Caucus in the House of Peoples of the Federation.

2009-14 Speaker of the National Assembly Margaret Nasha, Botswana

Former TV-journalist and Civil Servant, 1991-94 Ambassador to United Kingdom, 1994-97 Assistant Minister and 1997-98 Minister of Local Government, Lands and Housing, 1998-99 Minister of Minerals, Energy and Water Affairs and 1999-2009 Minister of Local Government.

2009-10 President of the National Council Pascale Bruderer Wyss,  Switzerland

Socialist MP, she was 2. Vice-President 2007-08 and 1. Vice-President 2008-09.

2009-10 President of the Council of Estates Erika Forster-Vannini, Switzerland

Liberal Councillor, she was 2. Vice-President 2007-08 and 1. Vice-President 2008-09.

2009-10 President of the Andean Parliament Rosa Marina León Flores (Peru)

Vice-President of the Parliament through a number of years.

2009-12 Speaker of the Transitional Arab Parliament Huda Fathi Ben Amer (Libya)

Deputy Speaker of the Transitional Arab Parliament 2008-09 Secretary of People's Committees Affairs in the Libyan Government 2009-12.

2009-11 Chairperson of Folktinget Anna-Maja Henriksson (Finland)

MP for the Swedish People's Party since 2007. (b. 1964-).

Last update 20.01.2017