Netherlands Heads Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
Kingdom of The Netherlands/ Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
(Female right to stand 1917 for elections and to vote 1919)

Also see Netherlands Ministers, Netherlands Substates and Netherlands Ecclesiastical

The Dutch Council of State is a mix of an advisory body to the government.

1507-15 and 1518-30 Governor/Stadtholder Margareta von Habsburg
She was daughter of Emperor Maximilian, Dowager Duchess of Savoy and Countess of Artois, Bourgogne, Charolais (Franche-Comté) from 1493. She lived (1480-1530)

1530-55 Governor/Stadtholder Maria
Also in charge of Franche-Comté. She was Dowager-Queen of Bohemia-Hungary and regent here 1527-28, Grand-daughter of Duchess Maria of Burgundy. She lived (1505-58) 

1559-67 and 1580-82 Governor/Stadtholder Margareta de Parma
Also in charge of Franché-Comté, she was also known as Madama or Margarita de Austria, she was daugther of Emperor Karl V. Also Feudal Duchess Borbona, Penne and Posta  and Feudal Lady of Campli, Castel Sant'Angelo (now Castel Madama), Civita Ducale (now Cittaducale), Leonessa, Montereale and Ortona, Lady of Amatrice, Borbona, Posta 1536-86 and  Perpetual Governor of L'Aquila 1572-86. Married twice, mother of twins, and lived (1522-86)

1650-60 Joint Guardian Princess Mary Stuart
She was reigning for son Willem III (1650-1650-1702), who was king of England (1689-1702). The Stadtholdership was suspended, though, until 1772. 

1650-60 Joint Guardian Dowager Princess Amalia zu Solms-Braunfels of Oranje-Nassau
1660 Guardian
Her husband Frederik Hendrik of Oranje and Nassau was succeeed by their son, Willem II, in 1647, but he died suddenly in 3 years later, and the Estates decided not to appoint a new Stadtholder. 8 days after her son's death, his heir, Willem III was born, and she was appointed joint guardian with her son-in-law the Prince Palantine of Brandenburg on one side and her daughter-in-law, Mary Stuart, on the other by the High Council (Hoge Raad) of Holland and Zeeland, and after Mary's death in 1660, she became the sole Guardian (Voogd). She was very influential and had an important role in her grandson's appointment as Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland en Overijssel and Captain-General of the Union in 1672. He later became King of England as the husband of Queen Mary II. Her sister, Ursula von Soms, was Governor of Oranje 1637-48. Amalia lived (1599-1672), and Amalia herself had been Lady of Turnhout since 1648. She lived (1602-75).

1664-79 Regent Dowager Princess Albertina Agnes van Oranje-Nassau of Nassau in Diez and Friesland, Groningen and Drente (Germany)  

1711-31 Governess-General Princess Marie Loise zu Hessen-Kassel of Oranje and Nassau, Groningen, Drenthe and Friesland. 
1759-65 Governess in Friesland 
For Grandson Willem IV,(She lived (1699-1765)

1751-59 Governess-General Princess Anna of Oranje-Nassau
She was born as The Princess Royal and Princess of United Kingdom  and was regent for her son, Willem V.

1849-58 Potential Guardian Queen Sophia zu Württemberg
When her husband, Willem III, succeeded to the throne, a bill was introduced, naming her brother-in-law as potential regent and her as guardian for her oldest son, Willem of Oranje (1840-79). The two other sons Maurice (1843-50) and Alexander, Prince of Orange (1851-84). She lived (1818-77).

1890 Queen-Regent Queen Emma of the Netherlands and Luxembourg (14.11-23.11)
1890-98 Queen Regent (23.11.-31.8)
1898-1927 Potential Regent
Emma was born Princess zu Waldeck-Pyrmont, and acted as regent for her ill husband King Willem III the Netherland and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and after he died for her only daughter who succeeded to the Throne at the age of 10. Luxembourg passed to another branch of the Nassau-family. When her daughter took over the reigns, she became "potential regent" in the event of her death and remained as such until her granddaughter, Juliana came of age in 1927. She lived (1858-1934)

1890-1948 Queen Wilhelmina (23.11.1890-4.9.1948)
Netherlands at the time included the Dutch Overseas Territories (Oostindia (Indonesia), Nederlands Guiana (Suriname) and The Nederlanse Antillen). Her full title was Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Marie, by the Grace of God Queen of the Netherlands, Princess van Oranje Nassau, Duchess of Limburg, Marchioness of Verre and Vlissingen, Countess of Vianden, Spiegelberg, Buren, Leerdamen and Culemberg, Burggravin of Antwerpen, Baroness of Breda, Diest, Beilstein, De Stad Grave, Het Land van Cuyh, IJsselsteen, Granendonde, Eindhoven, Liedesvelde, Herstal-Warneton, Arlay and Nozeroy, Erf- en Vrÿvrouw (Heditary and Free Dame) of Armeland, Dame of Borculo, Breedevort, Lichtenvoorde, Het Loo, Geertruidenberg, Clundert, Zevenbergen, Hoge- en Lange Zwaluwe, Vallchrijk, Polanen, Sint Maartensdijk, Montfoort, Sint Vith, Burgenbach, Daasburg, Nienvaart, Turnhout en Besançon. She took ower the reigns after comming of age at 6.9.1898. Married to Duke Heinrich zu Mecklemburg-Schwerin, Prince Hendrik of Nederland, She abdicated in favour of her only surviving child, Juliana. She lived (1880-1964)

1927-80 Potential Regent Princess Juliana
1947  Princess (14.10-1.12)
1948  Princess-Regent (12.5-3.8)
1948-80 Queen (4.9-30.4)
The Kingdom included Suriname and the Nederlandse Antillen. Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina is Princess of Oranje-Nassau, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, etc. etc. etc. Before she succeeded to the throne, she acted as regent during her mothers illness. Duchess zu Mecklenburg- Strelitz, Married to Prince Bernhard zu Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince of Nederland (1911-2004), abdicated in favour of her oldest daughter, Beatrix. She lived (1909-2004)

1980-2013 Queen Princess Beatrix (30.4-30.4)
The Kingdom of The Netherlands includes the external territories Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten. Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard is also Princess van Oranje-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld etc. etc. etc, As the oldest of 4 sisters she succeeded her mother, married to Prince Claus of the Netherlands, Jonkheer von Amfeld (1926-2002), and mother of 3 sons. Abdicated in favour of her oldest son. (b. 1938-)

1980-85 Second Possible Regent Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
When her Beatrix Queen, her husband, Prince Claus, was named possible regent in case of her death before their son, Willem-Alexander, came of age. Princess Margriet was named the second in line for the possible regency. She was married to Pieter van Vollenhoven and mother of 4 sons, who were all given the title of Prince van Oranje-Nassau. (b. 1943-)

2003-13 Hereditary Princess Catharina-Amalia
2013- Princess of Oranje (Crown Princess)
Princess Amalia is daughter of
King Willem-Alexander.

Crown P

2013- Possible Regent Queen Maxima of the Netherlands
On 3. December, a c
ombined session of the Staten-Generaal appointed her as possible Regent for her daughter, The Princess of Oranje, Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands, in the event of the death or abdication of her husband, King Willem-Alexander. They married in 2002, and apart from the oldes daughter, born in 2003, they have two other daughters, Princess Alexia (b. 2005-) and Princess Ariane (b. 2007-). She is born in Argentina (b. 1971-)


Directors of the Cabinet of the Queen
An important constitutional position acting as the link between the Queen and government

1945-59 Mr. M.A. Tellegen
Marie Anne was civil servant in a municipality, active in the resistance movement and lived (1893-1976).

1968-84 Mr. F.M. de Graff



Last update 11.12.13