Netherlands Heads of State and
Anna de Waal was member of the Tweede Kamer for the Catholich People's Party, K.V.P. 1952-53 and Member of the Provincial States of Utrect 1958-62. She lived (1906-81).
1956-63 Minister of Social Affairs Dr. M.A.M. Klompé
1961-62 Acting Minister of Education, Arts and Science
1963 Acting Minister of Education, Arts and Science
1966-71 Minister of Culture, Recreation and Social Work
1971-86 Minister of State (Senior member of the Council of State)
Marga Klompé was Vice-Chairperson of Katholieke Volksparti 1964-66, and lived (1912-86).
1963-65 Minister of Social Affairs J.F.
Jo Franssen was member of the City Council of Rotterdam 1946-49 and of the Council of De Bilt, Member for VVD of the Eerste Kamer 1956-63 and 1966-71 and of the European Parliament 1961-63. She was married to a Member of the Second Chamber for PvdA, and llived (1906-95).
State Secretary of Culture, Recreation and Social Work S. van
Fia van Meggelen Secretary of the Faction of D.S.'70 (Democratic Socialists 1970) in the Tweede Kamer 1972-75 and 1975-77 Vice-Chairperson of the Faction. She lived (1918-2005).
1973-77 Minister of Health, Environment and Science I. Vorrink
Irene Vorrink had a number of positions within the P.v.d.A., and lived (1918-96).
1977-81 Minister of Culture, Recreation and Social Work M.H.M.F. Gardeniers-Berendsen
1981-82 Minister of Health and Environment
1982 Acting Minister of Culture, Recreation and Social Work
Til Berendsen was Second Vice-Chairperson of the Faction of the Katholieke Volkspartij (K.V.P.) in the Tweede Kamer, Member of the Council of State 1983-95. (b. 1925-).
1977-81 State Secretary of Transport, Public Works and Water Management N. Smit-Kroes
1982-89 Minister of Transport, Public Works and Water Management
2004-10 European Commissioner of Competition
2010- Vice-President of the EU-Commission and Commissioner for the Digital Agenda
Neelie Kroes was member of parliament for VVD trough a number of years. (b. 1941-).
1977-81 State Secretary of Justice
Bert Haars was Member of the Local Council of Breukelen from 1949, Member of the Provincial States of Utrecht 1950-77 and Councillor 1972-74, Member of the Tweede Kamer 1967-72, Vice-Chairperson of C.H.U. (Christian Historical Union) 1975-77 and Acting Mayor of Kockengen 1986-89. She lived (1913-97).
1977-81 State Secretary of Culture, Recreation and Social Works
in Charge of Equality J.G. Kraaijnveld-Wouters
Jeltien Wouters was MP for C.D.A. 1973-77 and 1977-88, burgemeester of Hilversum 1988-97. (b. 1932-).
1978-81 State Secretary of Health and Environment
Els Smit was member of the Provincial States of Utrecht 1954-62, Member of the Twede Kamer 1967-78 and Deputy Member of the Presidium 1972-76 and member of the Eerste Kamer 1981-91. (b. 1921-).
1981-82 State Secretary
of Housing and Urban Planning S. Langedijk-de
Siepie de Jong was member of the Provincial States of Overijssel 1970-72, MP for P.v.d.A 1973-81 and government appointed Mayor of Leek in 1984. (b. 1940-).
1981-82 State Secretary of the Interior J.S. Stuiveling
Saskia Stuiveling is a former M.P for P.v.d.A. and Member of the Algemene Rekenkamer 1984-99 and it's President since 1999. (b. 1945-).
1981-82 State Secretary of Social Affairs and Health H. d'Ancona
1989-94 Minister of Well-Being (Handicapped, Seniors and Sport), Health and Culture
Hedy de Boer-d'Ancona was Vice-Chairperson of the Socialist Group of the European Parliament 1995-99. (b. 1937-).
1981-82 State Secretary
of Social Affairs And Health C.I. Dales
1989-94(†) Minister of the Interior
Catharina Isabella or Ien Dales was M.P. for P.v.d.A 1982-87, Party Vice-Chairperson 1983-86, government appointed Mayor of Nijmegen 1987-89. She lived together with State Secretary of Justice, Elisabeth Schmitz (See below). Ien Dales lived (1931-94).
1981-82 Minister of Health and Environment
Ineke Hacquebard was Secretary of the Faction of D'66 in the Tweede Kamer in 1981 and Vice-Chairperson of the Faction 1982-83. (b. 1946-).
1982-86 Minister without Portfolio for Development
Cooperation E.M. Schoo
Eegje Schoo e.v. Pais was Member of the Provincial States of Noord-Holland for VVD 1975-77, Member of the City Council of Amsterdam 1980-82, Member of the Tweede Kamer 1986-87 and Ambassador to India, Nepal and Sri Lanka 1987-91 . (b. 1944- ).
1982-89 State Secretary of Justice V.N.M. Korte-van Hemel
Virginie van Hemel was member of the Tweede Kamer 1977-81, 1981-82 and 1986, Member of Eerste Kamer 1991-92 and Secretary of the CDA Faction in 1992, Member of the Council of State (Raad van State in buitengewone dienst) 1992-99. (b. 1929-).
1982-89 State Secretary of Education and Science
Nell Maas was member of the Tweede Kamer 1973-82, 1986 and 1989-93, she was married to Leendert Ginjaar (1928-2003) former Minister, Chairperson of VVD and Member of the Eerste-Kamer. She lived (1931-2012).
1982-86 State Secretary of
Social Affairs and Employment
van der Coppello
Annelien Kappeyne van der Cappello was Secretary and later Vice-Chairperson of the VVD Faction in the Tweede Kamer 1977-81, M.P. 1971-81, Member of the Council of state 1988-90. She lived (1936-90).
Secretary of Economy Y.M.C.Th. van Rooy
1990-94 State Secretary of Economy (External Trade, Regional Economy and Tourism)
Yvonne van Rooy is a former CDA MP (b. 1951-).
1986-94 State Secretary of the Interior D.IJ. W. de Graaff-Nauta
1994 Acting Minister of the Interior (May-August)
Dieuwke Nauta was member of the Provincial States of Friesland 1962-86 and Councillor of General Affairs, Interprovincial Cooperation, Administration, Planning, Coordination and Information 1982-86. Vice-Chairperson of C.D.A. 1980-82, and lived (1930-2008).
1989-94 Minister of Transport, Water Management and Public Works J.R.H.
Hanja Maij was Vice-Chairperson of the Christian Democratic Group of the European Parliament 1984-89 and 1994-95 Co-leader of CDA, Christelijk Democraat Appel and Commissioner of the Queen of Noord-Brabant 2003-09. (b. 1943-).
1989-93 State Secretary of
Social Affairs and Employment
E. ter Veld
Elske ter Veld was Secretary of the PvdA-Faction of the Tweede Kamer (Lower House), where she was a member 1981-89, Secretary of the Faction in the Eerste Kamer (Upper House) since 1999. She had been a member since 1995. (b. 1944-).
1994-98 Minister of Transport, Public Works and Water Management
1998-2002 Vice-Minister-President and Minister of Economic Affairs
Annemie Jorritsma was a leading member of VVD. In 2002 she was her party's official candidate for the post of Parliament Speaker but lost to a man from her own party, who had never previously held any important posts. From 2003 Acting Mayor of Delfzijl. (b. 1953-).
1994-2002 Minister of Health, Well-Being and Sport Dr.
2012-14 Minister of State
Els Borst-Eilers was Leader of D66 in 1998 and the first and so far only female Royal Informateur - involved in the formation of the second coalition government of Premier Kok, Pars II (Pink II from the red, blue and yellow of the symbols of the three parties in the government) and only the second with the honorary title of Minister of State. She lived (1932-2014).
1994-98 Minister of Justice W. Sorgdrager
Winnie Sorgdrager was Secretary of the Faction of D66 in the Eerste Kamer (Upper house) and became Chairperson of the Cultural Council - an official advisory body - in 1999. (b. 1948-).
1994-98 Minister of Housing, Urban Planning and
Her real name is Margaretha but she is known as both Margreeth and Margreet. She was Commissioner of Urban Planning, Housing and Public Transport of Noord-Holland 1987-93 and 1993-94 Kommisaris der Konigin/Governor of Drenthe. Later government appointed Mayor of Leeuwarden. (1939-).
State Secretary of Economy for Export A. van Dok-van Weelen
Abroad Anneke van Weelen used the title and rank of Minister of External Trade. She was government appointed Mayor of Diemen 1984-90, government appointed Mayor of Velsen 1990-94 and then appointed Mayor of Vlissingen since 1999. She was member for PvdA of the Tweede Kamer 1998-99. (b. 1947-).
1994-98 State Secretary of the Interior A.M.G. van de Vondervoort
Antonia Geertruida Maria was Deputy Mayor of Groningen 1991-94 and Deputy Mayor in two towns 1998-2008 and Provincial Councillor of Care, Sport, Health and Planning since 2007, and is normally known as Tonny. (b. 1950-).
1994-98 State Secretary of Justice E.M.A. Schmitz
Elisabeth Schmitz was government appointed Mayor of Haarlem 1985-94. She lived together with Minister of Interior Ien Dales (see abowe) (b. 1938-).
1994-98 State Secretary of Education, Culture and Science
1998-2002 Minister of Transport, Public Works and Water Management
Tineke Netelenbos-Koomen was 2. Secretary of the Partij van der Arbeid, The Labour Party 1985-87. (b. 1944-).
1994-98 State Secretary of Health, Well-beeing and Sports
Erica Terpstra was Vice-Chairperson of the Tweede Kamer 1998-2002. (b. 1943-).
1998-2002 Minister of Cooperation and Development
Eveline Herfkens was Ambassador to United Nations in Geneve 1996-98 and since 2002 UN Special Advisor. (b. 1952-).
1998-2002 State Secretary of Education, Culture and Science
Karin Yvonne Irene Jansen Adelmund was Vice-Chairperson of the Parliamentary Faction of PvdA 1994-97 and Party Chairperson 1997-98. Unmarried mother of two children, she lived (1949-2005).
1998-2002 State Secretary of Transport and Public Works and Water Management
J.M. de Vries
Monique de Vries was Treasurer of the VVD-Faction in the Twede Kamer 1996-98. Member of the Chamber 1994-98 and 2002-03. (b. 1948-).
1998-2002 State Secretary of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries
In 1990-98 Geke Faber was Burgermeester of Zeewolde. (b. 1953-).
1998-2002 State Secretary of
Social Affairs and Employment in charge of Equality,
Care and Labour A.E Verstand-Bogaert
Annelies Verstand was Burgermeester of Heteren 1988-94 and 1994-98 of Zutphen. (b. 1948-).
1998-2002 State Secretary of Health, Well-being and Sports A.M
Margo Vliegenhart was Vice-Chairperson of the PvdA-Faction in the Tweede Kamer 1997-98. (b. 1958-).
2001-02 State Secretary of Justice
Ella Kalsbeek was elected MP for PvdA in 1989. (b. 1955-).
2002-07 Minister of Education, Culture and
Science M.J.A van der
2007-12 Minister of Economic Affairs
For the first time in more than 20 years the government only had one female minister in 2002. Maria van der Hoeven is former Vice-Chairperson of the CDA Faction and Vice-Chairperson of the Tweede Kamer. And Candidate for the Post of Chairperson of the Second Chamber in 2006, but lost to PvdA's Gerdi Verbeet and became Director of the International Energy Agency, IEA, in 2011. (b. 1952-).
State Secretary of Foreign Affairs for Development Aid A.M.A van Ardenne-Van der
2003-07 Minister of Development Aid
Agnes van Ardenne was MP for CDA 1994-2006. (b. 1950-).
2002-07 State Secretary
for Traffic and Water Management M.H. Schultz van Haegen-Maas Geesteranus
2010- Minister of Infrastructure and Environment
Melanie Schultz van Haegen has a career in local politics and was MP for VVD for a few months in 2003. She was on maternity leave from October 2004 until February 2006 and again from August 2006. (b. 1970-).
2002-04 State Secretary of Education, Culture and
Science A.D.S.M. Nijs
Annette Nijs is former manager in Shell and member of VVD. (b. 1961-).
2002-07 State Secretary in the Ministry of
Health, Welfare and Sport for Welfare, Medical
Ethics and Sports C.IJ.M. Ross-Van Dorp
Clémence Ross was elected MP for CDA in 1998 and candidate for the post of Chairperson of the Parliamentary Faction in 2002. Left politics after the November-elections. (b. 1957-).
2002 State Secretary of Social Affairs and
Employment for Emancipation and
Family Affairs R.R.Ph.
Philomena Bijlhout was the first black and the only parliamentarian from the anti-immigrant and populist rightwing party, Lijst Pim Fortuyn (LPF), but resigned after nine hours after it became known that she had been a member of the militia of the dictator Desi Bouterse in Suriname in the 1980s. (b. 1958-).
2002 Designate State Secretary of Social Affairs and
Employment for Emancipation and
Family Affairs F. de Vilder
She was nominated as successor of Philomena Bijlhout on 26.07 but on 15.08 she decided not to take up the post. Her party, LPF, instead nominated a male candidate for the post. Fiona is unmarried and mother of three children. (b. 1958-).
2003-07 Minister of Traffic and Water Management K.M.H. Pijs
Karla Peijs was Member of the European Parliament for CDA 1989-2003, and prior to that Member of the Provincial States of Utrecht. Commissaris van de Koningin in Zeeland since 2007. (b. 1944-).
2003-06 Minister of Housing, Urban Planning and
Environment S.M Dekker
Sybilla Dekker was Director General of the General Association of Employers (Algemene Werkgeversvereniging Nederland (AWVN)). She is member of VVD.
2003-06 Minister of Immigration
2003-07 Minister of Integration
2006-07 Acting Minister of Youth Protection, Prevention and Rehabilitation
Rita Verdonk was Director of State Security of the Internal Security Service, BVD 1996-2003. Considered the favourite to take over as Leader of VVD in 2006, and at the elections a few months later, she got the highest number of personal votes anyone ever got - almost 100.000 more than the party leader, something which also never happened before in Dutch electoral history. When she did not accept the confirmation of the Leader by the parliamentary group, she was excluded from group and later left the party and founded the movement Trots of Nederland ("Proud of the Netherlands"). (b. 1955-).
2003-07 State Secretary of Economic Affairs ir. C.E.G. van Gennip
Karien van Gennip became a member of the Leadership of CDA in Amsterdam in 2002. (b. 1969-).
2003-06 State Secretary of Culture and
Media in Ministry of Education M.C. van der Laan
Medy van der Laan is civil servant. In June 2006 she and the two male cabinet ministers of the D66 left the government as a protest against Rita Verdonk, causing the whole cabinet to fall. (b. 1969-).
2007-10 Minister of Interior and
Kingdom Relations Dr. G. ter Horst
Guusje ter Horst was municipal Councillor for PvdA before she was government appointed Mayor of Nijmegen 2001-07 and candidate for the position of Chairperson of the First Chamber in 2013. (b. 1952-)
2007-10 Minister of Agriculture, Nature
and Food Quality G. Verburg
Gerda Verburg was 1. Vice-Chairperson of the Tweede Kamer 2002-04, Deputy Chairperson of the CDA Faction 2002-07. Candidate for the post of Chairperson of the Chamber in 2003. In 2010 the declined the offer by the Party Leader for her to become Chairperson of the CDA-Faction, Appointed Ambassador to FAO in 2011. Married to another woman, Willy Westerlaken. (b. 1957-).
2007-10 Minister of Housing, Planning and Environment Prof. Dr. J.M Cramer
Jacqueline Cramer was appointed by PvdA, University Lecturer and environmental activist. (1951-).
2007-08 Minister of Integration and Urban Development C.P. Vogelaar
Ella Vogelaar is member of PvdA, she is former chairperson of various labour unions. (b. 1952-).
2007-10 State Secretary of Interior and Kingdom Relations A.Th.B. Bijleveld-Schouten
Ank Bijleveld was MP for CDA 1989-2001, Vice-Chairperson of the faction 1998-2001 before she was government appointed Mayor of Hof van Twente and Commissaris van de Koningin of Overijssel in 2011. (b. 1962-)
2007-10 State Secretary of Education, Culture and Science S.A.M. Dijksma
2012-15 State Secretary of Economy
2015- State Secretary of Infrastructure and Environment
Sharon Dijksma was Vice-Chairperson of the Tweede Kamer 2002-05, Secretary of the PvdA Faction 2002-04 and Faction Vice-Chairperson 2004-07. (b. 1971-).
2007-10 State Secretary of Education, Culture and Science J.M. van Bijsterveldt-Vliegenthart
2010-12 Minister of Education, Culture and Science
Marja van Bijsterveldt was government appointed Mayor of Schipluiden 1994-2003 and Chairperson of the CDA Party Organisation 2002-07. (1961-)
2007-10 State Secretary of Justice N. Albayrak
Nebahat Albayrak was MP for PvdA 1998-2012 and Chairperson of the Defence Committee, finished third of five candidates for the party leadership in 2012. (b. 1968-).
2007-10 State Secretary of Health, Wellbeing and Sport Dr. M. Bussemaker
2012- Minister of Education, Science and Culture
Jet Bussemaker was elected MP for PvdA in 1998. (b. 1961-).
2007-10 State Secretary of Transport and Water Management J.C. Huizinga-Heringa
2010 Minister of Housing, Planning and Environment
Tineke Huizinga was elected MP for ChristenUnie in 2002 and was Secretary of the Faction until 2007. (b. 1960-).
2008-10 and 2012- State Secretary of Social Affairs and
Employment J. Klijnsma
Jetta Klijnsma was PvdA Alderman in Den Haag 1998-2008, Vice-Mayor and Acting Mayor. (b. 1957-)
2010- Minister of Health, Well-Being and Sport E.I. Schippers
Edith Schippers was elected MP in 2003 and was Deputy Chairperson of the Faction of the VVD 2006-10. After the 2017-elections, she was appointed Investigator to start the formation process. (b. 1964-).
2010-12 State Secretary of
of Health, Well-Being and Sport M.L.L.E. Veldhuijzen van Zanten-Hyllner
Marlies Veldhuijzen is a doctor with no political experience, appointed by the CDA. ( b. 1953-)
2011-12 Minister of Interior and Kingdom Relations J.W.E
Spies, The Netherlands
Jantje Wilhelmina Elisabeth (Liesbeth) Spies was MP 2002-10, Vice-Chairperson of the CDA Faction in the Twede Kamer 2007-10, Acting Chairperson of CDA 2010-11 and Councillor of Economy and Physical Planning in the Province of Zuid-Holland in 2011. She finished as the 5th of the 6 candidates for the party leadership in 2012. (b. 1966-)
Minister of Defence
Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert was Member of the European Parliament for VVD 2004-10 and elected MP in 2010. (b. 1973-)
2012-15 Secretary of State of
Infrastructure and Environment W. Mansveld
Wilma Mansveld was PvdA Councillor of Economy, Energy, Youth of the Province of Groningen (b. 1962-)
2012- Minister of External Trade and Development Cooperation E.M.J. Ploumen
Lilianne Ploumen was Chairperson of PvdA 2007-12 and MP from 2017. (b. 1962-)
Last update 17.03.17