Worldwide Guide to Women in
Hungary Heads of State
Also see Hungary Ministers and for Bohemian Eccleastical Establishments
997 Regent Dowager Queen Sarolta of
Also known as Sarolt or Beleknegini (White Princess). According to contemporary sources, she took over the regency for her teenage son, István I, after the death of her husband, Géza. A relative of her husband claimed the throne and demanded that she married him, but she resisted. She was daughter of the Prince of Transylvania or Sibenbürgen, and lived (circa 955-circa 1008).
1131-41 De-facto Ruler Queen Helene of Serbia
Ruler during reign of husband Bela II the Blind and after his death regent for son, Geza II (1130/41-61)
1272-77 Regent Dowager Queen Elisabeth Kumanac
For son Laszló. She died (1290)
1290-1300 Co-Regent Queen Caterina Tomasina Morosini
Ruled jointly with Endre III 1290-1301. She died (1300).
1290-92 Queen Mária of Bohemia
She reigned in dissidence to King Endre III, after the death of her brother Lázsló IV, she was acknowledged as kiralyno (female king) by the Dalmatian regions, with the provison that her son Carlo Martello (Martell Károly) was to be elected king in her place. She was daughter of King V. István, and married to the future King Carol II of Sicily
1306 Regent Dowager Queen Elżbieta Ryksa
After the death of her husband, Venceslaus III of Bohemia and Poland she married Rudolph III von Habsburg, who became king of Bohemia and titular king of Poland. He died the following year.She lived (1288-1335)
1342-70 Politically Influential
Dowager Queen Elisabeth of Poland
After the death of her husband, Károly I Róbert (Charles Robert d'Anjou) (1288-1308-42) she was very influential during the reign of her son, Lajos I (Louis the Great) and in some ways she was considered to be his co-ruler. In 1370 he became king of Poland and moved there to act as regent 1370-75, 1376-77 and 1378-79. She lived (1305-80).
1382-85 Regent Dowager Queen Elisabeth of
She was regent for her daughter, Maria d'Anjou. In Poland there was an interregnum until 1384, when her daughter Jadwiga became Queen. Elisabeth was daughter of Stefan Kotromanić, Ban of Bosnia and Elżbieta of Poland. She never set foot in Poland, was murdered, and lived (ca.1340-87)
1382-85 Queen Maria d'Anjou of Hungaria and Croatia-Dalmatia
1386-95 Queen (re-instated)
Her offical title was Maria rex Hungarić. Sister was Queen Jadwiga of Poland. They succeded their father, Louis the Great who devided his lands among his daughters. Her husband Sigismund of Luxembourg was king and co-regent until 1437.
1412-14, 1416-19 and 1431-33 "Stadtholder" Queen
Barbara von Cilli in Hungary and Croatia
1437 "Stadtholder" of Bohemia (Czech Republic)
Her husband, Sigmund of Luxemburg, king of Hungary and King of Germany from 1410, king of Bohemia from 1419 and Holy Roman Emperor since 1433. In Hungary she took over the "regni curia" when he went to Italy, first supported by her brother-in-law the Palatine Garai Miklós and two bishops. 1414-16 she went to Aachen for the coronation and participated in the Council of Konstanz before she returned and took over the government in Hungary. In the 1420's she followed her husband on his journeys during the Empire and he included her in the decision-making. During her second regency in Hungary she managed to maintain peace after a settlement was reached with the Hussites. After her coronation as Queen of Bohemia in 1437 she also acted as regent here for a few moths. After her husband's death the same year she was arrested by his successor, Albrecht II, but was able to flee to Poland. After Albrecht's death in 1439 she returned and settled at her dowry at Menik near Prague for the rest of her life. She was daughter of Herman II, Count von Cilli and Countess Anna von Schaunberg, mother of one daughter, Elisabeth, and lived (1390/95-1451).
1437-40/42 Queen Elisabeth of Bohemia and of Croatia-Dalmatia
1439-1440 Regent of Hungary (27.10-July)
Known in Hungarian as Luxemburgi Erzsébet királyné, she was daughter of Sigismund of Luxembourg, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, who was joint regent and successor of his first wife, Queen Maria d'Anjou of Hungary. Her mother was Barbara Cilli. After his death in 1437 the Hungarian Sates recognized her as Lady of the Land (Landesherrin), which pawed the way for her first husband, Albert von Habsburg's election as king of Hungary. After his death in 1439 she maintained the rights of her son Ladislaus V Posthumous (1440-57). She abducted the holy Stephan-crown from Hungary in order to crown him, but the Hungarian States refused this and elected Wladislaw III. Ladislaus or Lászlo was not recognized as king until 1444. She lived (1409-42).
Rebellion Leader Elisabeth Szilágyi in Hungary
The widow of Hunyadi János (John Corvinius) (circa 1387-1456), Baron of Szolnok and Count of Temesvár, Regent of Hungary 1446-53 during the minority of Vladislav V Postumus. Together with her brother, Michael, she led an open revolt against the king who held her son, Matthias Corvinus (Mátyás Hunyadi), as prisoner. Fierce but indecisive fighting continued for months and was ended only by the news of Ladislaus V's premature death in Prague in November 1457 without an heir. Her son was elected king by the Diet and crowned the following year.
1490 Dowager Queen Regent Beatrix
She was married to king Hunyadi Mátyás or Matthias Corvinius (1458-90) and Ladislaus of Bohemia (1490-1516)
Maria von Habsburg
In December 1527 she Presided over the Hungarian Assembly which elected her brother, Ferdinand von Habsburg as King of Hungary. In 1530 January she Presided over the Austrian Landtag in his name and 1530-55 she was General-Stadtholder of the Netherlands.
Regent Dowager Queen Isabella of Poland of Bohemia
For son Janos II, king 1540-51 and pretender 1556-70. Isabelle died (1559).
Regent Dowager Duchess Ilona Zrinyi
The widow of Francis Rakoczy and became regent of the City in Transcarpathian Ruthenia (Zakarpatskaya Oblast). It was a major economic center from the 1300s on. The town's population was a mixture of Hungarian-, Slovak-, Ukrainian-, Ruthenian-, and German-speaking elements; it also boasted one of the most culturally significant Jewish communities in Eastern Europe. After her husband's death she married the Hungarian revolutionary Imre Thokoly. She held the fortress of Munkacs until Austrian troops took the city and took her and her son Francis to Vienna when the Austrian forces prevailed.. (d. 1708).
Queen Maria-Theresa of Hungaria, Bohemia and Austria
See Austria Heads of State for more details.
1766-80 Governor Maria-Christine von Habsburg-Lothringen of Bohemia
She was daughter of Maria-Thersa and was joint governor with husband Albert von Sachsen-Teschen. They became governors of The Netherlands in 1780.
1958-85 Member of the Council of State Bodoniy Anne
1967-71 Member of the Council of State Mme Maros
Member of the Council of State Benké Valeri
Member of the Council of State Istvánné Vass
Former President of the Parliament
1975-89 Member of the Council of State Maria Lajosné Duschek
1980-89 Member of the Council of State Erdei Edit
1980-89 Member of the Council of State Erzébet Geza Bánáti
1980-89 Member of the Council of State Horovath Edith
1983-87 Member of the Council of State Evata Zolotan Dési
1983-89 Member of the Council of State Krener Terez
Deputy Head of State, President
of The Országgyülés
As parliament speaker she was is also the Deputy Head of State. Dr. Szili was Political State Secretary of Environmental Protection 1994-98 and Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly 1998-2002. 2005 presidential candidate.
Last updated 17.05.10