Guide to Women in Leadership
WOMAN EXILE LEADERS
This is a list of female
leaders of officially recognized
or de-facto governments-in-exile
Leader of the Government-in-Exile Queen Wilhelmina of
was Dutch Head
of State 1890-1948 and lived (1880-1962).
Leader of the Government-in-Exile Grande Duchesse Charlotte of
of State of Luxembourg 1919-64. During World War II she
was in exile in London. She lived (1896-1985).
Vice-President of the Revolutionary Council Kéthly Anna, Hungary
1944-48 Vice-President of the National Assembly, 1956 Minister of
State and Minister of Social Affairs, 1956 Chief of Social
Democratic Party and Leader-in-exile of the Party, in witch she
had been a leading figure before World War II. The party was
member of the Socialist International. She lived (1889-1976, dead
Regent-in-exile Dowager Empress Shahbanou Farah Pahlavi of
Iran (in Egypt and France)
was widow of The Shah, she was Acting Head of the Imperial Family, and acted as regent for son who
became shah on his 20th birthday 31/10-80. (b. 1938-)
President of the Ukrainian State Administration
Jarosława Stećko (Germany)
After her husband died she took over
as President of the
Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations and
Chairperson of the Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) in
Founder and Chairperson of the Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists,
Deputy and President-by-Age of the Parliament. She lived
President of the Government-in-Exile Maryam Rajavi, Iran (in
1985-92 Commander-in-Chief of Muhjedin-Army operating from Iraq.
She is head of the 250 member exile-parliament. Half of its
members are women and the exile-government is dominated by women.
President of the Council Ivonka J. Survilla, Belarussian
Democratic Republic-in-Exile (Canada)
exile-government was established in 1918 and situated in Canada. Born in
Stoupcy, a small town West
of Miensk, in 1936, Ivonka Symaniec-Survilla spent only eight years of her life
in her native Belarus. After a dramatic exodus through Eastern Prussia,
she lived in Denmark, France and Spain before moving to Canada in 1969. (b.