Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership'
Heads of State of Tunisia/ Al-Jumhuuriya at-Tunisiya (Female Suffrage 1956) An emirate under French Protection 1881-1956 before becoming independent, a republic in 1957
BCE 814-13 Legendary Queen Elissa Dido
According to legend she was the founder of Chartago (Tunis) but the city is much older
Ca 690-701 Queen Dahlia al-Chain of the Moors (Berbian
tribe in Tunisia)
Her name means the "priestess" or the "prophetess", and she assumed personal command of the Barbarian forces, and under her leadership, the Arabs were briefly forced to retreat, but since the Arabs were relentless, she ordered a scorched earth policy. After her defeat, Dahia al-Kahina took her own life, and sent her sons to the Arab camp with instructions that they adopt Islam and make common cause with the Arabs. Ultimately, these men participated in invading Europe and the subjugation of Spain and Portugal.
1016-22 Regent of Ifriqiya/Ifriqiyah (Libya, Tunesia and Eastern Algeria)
In the first year as regent for her nephew, Muizz ibn Badis Al-Muizz (1016-62) there was a bloody revolt in Ifriqiya in which the Fatimid residence Al-Mansuriya was completely destroyed and 20.000 Shiites were massacred. The unrest forced a ceasefire in the conflict with the Hammadids of Algeria, and their independence was finally recognised in 1018. She was deposed by
Muizz. She was the daughter of al-Mansūr ibn Buluggin who ruled 984-995) and sister of Badis ibn Mansur who ruled in 995-1016.
1061-1107 Joint Ruler al-qa'ima bi mulkini Zainab al-Nafzawiyya of the Berber Empire (Northern Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunesia)
Contemporary sources name her "the one in charge of her husband's realm", and she was joint ruler with her husband, Yusuf Ibn Tashfin of an Empire covering most of Northern Africa.
Last update 15.09.08