Sudan Heads

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
Heads of State of Sudan/ Al-Jmhuryat es-Sudan
(Female Suffrage 1953/64) An Anglo-Egyptian cadmium was established 1899 and lasted until 1955 the year before Sudan became an independent republic in 1956

Also see Sudan Ministers

After circa 900-before circa 295 BCE Queen Alakhebasken of Napata

Around BCE 600 Kandake Nensela of Kush
She was mother of king Aspelta.

345-332 Queen Candace

BCE 260-50 Queen Bartare of Meroe (Nubia)

BCE 170-150 Queen Shanakdakheto of Meroe (Nubia)
Her name is carved in a ruined temple where the earliest inscriptions in Meroitic hieroglyphic writing are found. Her pyramid at MeroŽ is one of the largest ever built for a Kushite ruler. It has a unique chapel with two rooms and two pylons. The chapel is among the most elaborately carved of any known. The scenes in the chapel show military campaigns to the south and the capture of numerous cattle and prisoners.

BCE 135-105 queen [Ö]khale

BCE 41-12 Queen Amanishabheto of Meroe (Nubia)
Also known as Amanishakheto, she repulsed the Roman Army in three battles that Octavius had sent to conquer Nubia 24-21 BCE. Amanirenas presided over the kingdom of MeroŽ, the capital of the Cushite dynasty, in northeast Africa. When Roman emperor Augustus levied a tax on the Cushites, Amanirenas and her son, Akinidad, led a fierce attack on a Roman fort at the Egyptian city Aswan. Under orders from Augustus, the Roman general Petronius retaliated but met strong resistance from Amanirenas and her troops. The two parties agreed to negotiate a settlement. Ambassadors from both sides met at the Greek Island Samos, where the Romans agreed to rescind the tax and return land to the Cushites.

B.C. 12-CE 12 Queen Amanitore of Meroe (Nubia)
She succeeded her mother, Amanishaketo, jointly with her husband King Natakamani. She is mentioned in the
Bible in the story about the Conversion of the Ethiopian in Acts 8:26-40: "And the angel of the Lord spoke to Philip, saying, Get up, and go toward the south unto the way that goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza, which is desert. And he got up and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem to worship, Was returning, and sitting in his chariot read Isaiah the prophet.....". She was succeeded by Queen Queen Nawidemak.

Around year 12 Queen Nawidemak
Also known as Naldamak, she succeed her mother, Amanitore, who reigned from BCE 12. Nawidemak is portrayed on a pyramid as Osiris, a male god sheltered by the wings of the great goddess Isis. Before her ruled aunknown queen. Her husband was prince Apedemakhe. Her son Arikharer [Arikhankharer] ruled in 10-15.

Until circa 23 Queen Candace of The Blemmyrians
Sudan was conc
ored by the Romans

35-65 Queen Candice

62-85 Queen Amanihatasan of Meroe (Nubia)

266-283 Queen Maleqorobar of Meroe (Nubia)
Also known as Malegereabar

300-308 Queen Patrapeameni of Meroe (Nubia)
Also known as Nahidemani

Queen Amanipilade
of Meroe (Nubia)

1661-67 Ret (Ruler) Abudok nya Bwoc of Shilluk


Last update 09.07.11