Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
Romania/ Republica România
(Local female suffrage 1929 and universal suffrage 1946) 1878 Independent form Turkish Rule, Kingdom till 1947, Socialist Republic 1947-89, joined the EU 2007

See also Romania Parliament and Romania Heads

1946-47 Minister of Health Dr. Florica Bagdasar
Doctor and University lecturer. She lived (1901-78).

1947-53 Minister of Foreign Affairs Ana Pauker
1949-52 Vice-President of the Council of Ministers
Leader of the Russian Communists in USSR 1940-44 and circa 1940-53 Responsible for the collectivation of the Agriculture in the Politburo, 1944-56 Secretary General of the Communist Party. She was daughter of Rabbi Hersch Kaufmann Robinsohn as Ana Rabinovici, but changed her name because of anti-Semitic sentiments, which caused her down-fall. She lived (1893-1960)

1952-61 Minister of Social Affairs Stella Ernestu
President of the National Council of Women.

1953-57 Minister of Culture and Art Constanța Crăciun
1959-62 Vice-Minister of Culture
1962-65 Chairperson of the State Committee for Culture and Art
1966-69 Vice-President of the State Council
Member of the Presidium of the Grand National Assembly 1948-1953. She lived (1914-2002).

1966-71 Minister of Industry Ana Mureson
1978 Minister and President of The National Council of Women
1980-87 Minister of Domestic Trade

1975-87 Minister of Light Industry Lina Ciobanu
1977-89 Member of the Politburo
1987-89 Vice-President of the Council of Ministers
resident of the National Council of Women in 1977. In 1992 she was sentenced a long prison term for complicity to suppress the December1989-revloution, afterwards crippled by a stroke and pardoned
in 1996.

1975-79 Deputy Minister of Labour Prof. Aneta Spornic
1979-82 Minister of Education
1982-84 Minister of State and First Deputy Chairperson of the State-Planning-Committee
1985-85 Minister and Chairperson of The State Prize Committee
1986-87 Vice-President of the Council of Ministers
Deputy President of the National Assembly 1975-80 .

1976-86 Minister of Culture Suzănica Gâdea
1982-89 Minister of Education
Member of the State Council 1969-75. She lived (1919-96)

1979-89 Minister, Chairperson of the Academy of Science Dr. Elena Ceauşescu
1980-89(†) First Vice-President of the Council of Ministers
Member of the Politburo 1973-89. In the later years, she was in fact the de-facto leader of the country via her control over Securitate and of her husband, Head of State and the Communist Party, Nicolai Ceauşescu, who became more and more ill, and believed to be his most likely successor. They were both executed during the December-revolution of 1989. She lived (1919-89)

1979-82 First Deputy Minister of Light-Industry Magda Filipas
1979-89 Member of the Politburo
Ambassador to the Philippines 1982-89.

1980-85 Vice-President of the Council of State Maria Ciocan
Member of the Council of State 1985-89.

1980-82 Vice-President of The Council of Ministers Cornelia Filipas
Ambassador to Denmark 1982-89.

1980-89 Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Maria Grôgh
(b. 1918-)

1983-84 Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade Maria Flusca (Fluxa)
1984-87 First Deputy Minister of Industry
1987-89 Minister of Light Industry

1982-87 Deputy Minister of Justice Marin Bobu
1987-89 Minister of Justice

1982-86 Deputy Minister of External Trade for Asia and Oceans Paula Prioteasa
1986 Minister of the Food Industry
1988-90 Minister of the Food Industry

Circa 1982 Deputy Minister of Labour Georgeta Mecu

Circa 1982 Deputy Minister of Education Rada Mocanu

Circa 1982 First Vice-Chairperson of the Committee for Culture and Education Tamara Dôbrin
Member of State Council 1975-89.

Circa 1982 Vice-Chairperson of the State Committee for Prizes Cecilia Draghici

1983-89 Vice-Chairperson of the State Committee for Prices Marie Gheorge
President of the Legislative Chamber and Vice-President of the National Assembly 1983-89.

1984-89 Advisor to the President, Minister and Secretary of State Florence Dumitrescu

1985-86 Vice-President of the Council of Ministers Alexandrina Gainusa
1986-87 Minister of Labour

Alexandrina Găinuşă was Chairperson of the Legislative Chamber of the Grand National Assembly 1979-81, Member of the Politburo 1979-87, First Secretary of the District of Bacau and Chairperson of the District Council 1979-81, Member of the State Council 1980-89 and Chairperson of the District Council of Ialomite 1987-89. (b. 1932- )

1986-89 Vice-President of the Council of State Maria Ghitulicâ
Between 1979-82 Deputy Chairperson of the District Council of Olt, 1980-82 Secretary and 1982-85, 1988-89 Vice-President of the Grand National Assembly.

1989 Minister, Secretary of State and Permanent Secretary of Agriculture Florena Gruia

1989-90 Government Spokesperson Christina Cioutu
As Member of the Council of the National Salvation Front, she became Joint Collective Head of State in December 1989, when the office of President became vacant after the execution of Ceausescu. (b. 1929).

1991 Secretary of State for Handicapped Rodica Muntenu

1991 and 1992 Government Spokesperson Virginia Míhaela Gheorghiu
1993 Secretary of State and Head of the Public Transport Department
(b. 1965-)

1992-93 Government Spokesperson Doina Jalea

1993-96 Secretary of State for Economic Reform Hildegard Carlola Puwak
2000-
03 Minister of  European Integration (Third in Cabinet)
Vice-Chairperson of the Social Democrats and Member of the German Minority. (b. 1949-)

1993 Minister of Social Affairs Prof. Ing. Catalin Zamfir

1995-96 State Secretary of Education Ecaterina Andronescu
2000-
03 Minister of Education and Science
2008-09 Minister of Education, Research and Innovation
(b. 1951-)

1995-96 State Secretary of Romanians Abroad Mitzura Domnica Arghezi
Former Executive Secretary of the Great Romania Party, President of the Permanent Section of the Romanian Parliament to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Francophony. (b. 1924-).

1996 State Secretary of Health Daniela Bartos
1996-97 Minister of Health 
2000-
03 Minister of Health and Family
In 1996 Vice-President of the Chamber of Deputies. (b. 1951-)

1996-97 Secretary of State of Women's’ Affairs in the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection
2000-
04 Minister of  Justice
Michaela Rodica Staniou
Vice-President of Partidul Democrateo Social România, PDSR 1996-2000 and of Partidulului Social Democrat since 2001. (b. 1939-).

1996-97 There was 3 other female Secretaries of State

1997-99 Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs Elena Zamfierescu

1997-99 Secretary of State of Culture Maria Berza

1997-2000 State Secretary of Labour and Social Protection Norica Nicolai 
President of the Economic and Social Council from 2000,
Vice-President of the Senate 2000-04 and from 2007, Leader of the Senate Group of Partidul Naţional Liberal 2003 and Deputy Leader 2003-07, Party Vice-Chairperson from 2007. (b. 1958-).

1999-2000 Minister of Transport Anca Daniela Boagiu
2005-07 Minister of European Integration
2010-11 Minister of Transport and Infra Strukcture
Liberal MP 2000-08 and Senator from 2008 and Senate Vice-Chairperson 2008-10. Unmarried and mother of one. (b. 1968-).

1999-2000 Minister of Labour and Social Protection Smaranda S. Dobrescu
Since 1997 Vice-President of the Social Democratic Party (b. 1944-)

1999-2000 Secretary of State of Finance Iosefina Morosan

1999-2000 Secretary of State of Finance Valentina Siclovan

1999-2000 Secretary of State of Labour and Social Protection Simona Amamaria Marinescu

1999-2000 Secretary of State of Labour and Social Protection Mariana Basuc

1999-2000 Secretary of State of Labour and Social Protection Norica Nicolai

1999-2000 There were 2 other female Secretaries of State

2000-03 Minister of Small and Medium-Sized and Cooperation Enterprises Silvia Ciornei
(b. 1970-)

2000-04 Secretary of State of Finance Daniela Cerbat Gheorghe

2000-04 Secretary of State of Finance Maria Manolescu

2000-04 Secretary of State of Justice Cristina Luzescu

2000-05 Secretary of State of European Integration Maria Crivineanu

2000-04 Government Spokesperson Linia Delchisa

2001-04 Secretary of State of the Prime Minister Dorina Mihailescu

2001-04 Secretary of State of Justice Maria Anghelescu

2001-
05 Secretary of State of Public Works, Transport and Communication Ilieana Tureanu

2001-
03 Secretary of State of Health and Family Luminita Gheorghiu

2001-04 Secretary of State of Communication and Information Technology Alexandrina Hirtan

2001-
04 Secretary of State of Communication and Information Technology Silvia-Adriana Țicău
2004 Minister of Communication and Information Technology
Ticau was Senator 2004-08 and elected Member of the European Parliament in 2007. (b.1970-).


2001-04
Secretary of State for Labour, Social Solidarity and Family Affairs Marta Nora Ţărnea

2001-05 Secretary of State of Economy and Commerce Ilina Spiridon Decebal

2002-04 Secretary of State Rovana Plumbş


2002-
04 Secretary of State of Justice
 Simona Maia Teodoroiu

2002- Under Secretary of State Daniela Gheoghe Marinescu

2002-03 Secretary of State of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family Affairs
2003-04 Minister of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family Affairs Elena Dumitru

2003-04 Secretary of State for Labour, Social Solidarity and Family Affairs Gabriela Coman

2004
Minister of Environment and Waters Management Speranta Maria Ianculescu

2003-05 Secretary of State of Environment and and Waters Management Liliana Bara

2003-05 Secretary of State of Economy and Commerce Georgeta Molosaga

2003-05 Secretary of State of Education and Culture Ioana Irinel Chiran

2004 Secretary of State of Justice Iulia Cristina Tarcea

2004-07 Minister of Justice Monica Luisa Macovei
Former Associate Professor of Law at Bucharest University, Civil Rights Lawyer, Candidate for the post of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights in 1999, later MEP and Presidential Candidate in 2014. (b. 1959-).

2004-05 Minister of Culture and Religious Affairs Monica Octavia Muscă
Also known as Mona Musca, she was the rightwing-candidate for the post of President of the Chamber of Deputies earlier in December, instead she was elected 2. Vice-President. (b. 1949-).


2004-07 Minister of Environment and Waters Management Sulfina Barbu
2009 Designate Minister of Environment
Nominated as Cabinet Member by two successive Designate Prime-Ministers in later 2009. (b. 1967-).


2004-07 Under-Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs Roxana Rizoiu

2004-07 Secretary of State of Finance Elena Doina Dascalu

2004-07 Secretary of State of Finance Mara Ramniceanu

2004-07 Secretary of State of Justice Katalin Kibedi

2004-09 Secretary of State of Justice Maria Cristina Manda

2004-07 Secretary of State of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family Affairs Maria Muga

2004-07 Secretary of State of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family Affairs Daniela Nicoleta Andreescu

2004-07 Secretary of State of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family Affairs Catalin Danila Ionel 

2004-07 Secretary of State of Education and Science Cecilia Paloma Rodica Petrescu

2004-07 Secretary of State of Environment and Water Management Lucia Ana Varga

2005-07 Secretary of State of Relations with the Parliament Georgeta Ionescu

2006-07 Secretary of State of European Integration
Anna Horvath

2007-09 Under-Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs Beatrice Ramascanu

2007-09
 Secretary of State of Labour , Family and Equal Opportunities Theodora Bertzi

2007-09 Secretary of State of Labour , Family and Equal Opportunities Denisa Oana Patrascu

2007-09 Secretary of State of Labour , Family and Equal Opportunities ----

2008-09 Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs for European Affairs Răduţa Dana Matache
Ambassador to Sweden 2010-14. (b. 19963-)

 

2008-09 Minister of Labour, Family and Equal Opportunities Mariana Câmpeanu

 

2008-09 Minister of Youth and Sport Monica Maria Iacob-Ridzi
Liberal MEP 2007-09. Dismissed because of financial iregularities. (b. 1977-).

 
2009 Minister of Youth and Sport Sorina Luminiţa Plăcintă
2009 Acting Delegate-Minister for Relations with the Parliament
Senator from the Democratic Liberal Party from 2008. (b. 1965-).

 

2008-12 Minister of Tourism Elena Udrea
2009-12 Minister of Regional Development
2012 Acting Minister of Environment
State Councillor and Presidential Advisor 2005, Executive Secretary of the Democratic Party from 2006 and candidate for the leadership in 2013. She left the party and became leader of People's Movement Party in 2014 and was Presidential Candidate the same year. In 2015 she was detained on charges of corruption. (b. 1973-).

 

2012 Minister of Labour Claudia Boghicevici

2012 Minister of Education, Research, Innovation, Youth and Sport Ecaterina Andronescu

2012-14 Minister of Labour Mariana Campeanu

2012-14 Minister of Education Corina Dumitrescu

2012-14 Minister of Environment and Climate Change Rovana Plumb
2014-15 Minister of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Seniors

2012-13 Minister of Justice Mona Pivniceru


2012-14 Minister-Delegate for Small and Medium Enterprises, Business Environment and Tourism Maria Grapini

2012-14 Minister-Delegate for Water, Forests and Fisheries Lucia Varga

2012-14 Minister-Delegate for Social Dialogue Adriana-Doina Pană
2014-15 Minister-Delegate for Water, Forests and Fisheries

2012-15 Secretary of State of Regional Development and Public Administration Sevil Shhaideh
2015 Vice-Prime Minister and Minister of Regional Development and Public Administration
2016 Nominee for Prime Minister (21-27. December)
2017- 1. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Regional Development, Public Administration and EU Funds
She s a member of the Tatar minority and a muslim. Her nomination by the governing socialist party was rejected by the president. Instead she was given one of the most powerful economic portfolios. (b. 1964-).

2013-14 Minister of Transport Ramona Mănescu


2014 Minister of Public Finance Ioana-Maria Petrescu

2014-15 Minister of Youth and Sports Gabriela Szabó

2014-15 Minister-Delegate for Social Dialogue Aurelia Cristea

 

2014- Secretary of State of Public Finance Daniela Pescaru

2014- Secretary of State of Regional Development and Public Administration Sirma Caraman

2015 Minister of Environment Gratiela Gavrilescu
2017- Minister in charge of the Relationship with the Parliament

2015-17 Minister of Public Finances Anca Dana Dragu Paliu
Economist in the Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs of the European Commission since 2013.

2015-16 Minister of Justice Cristina Guseth

2015-16 Minister of the EU Funds Aura Carmen Raducu

2015-17 Minister of Labour, Family, Social Security and the Elderly Claudia Ana Moarcas

2015-17 Minister of Environment, Waters and Forestry Cristiana Pasca Palmer

2015-17 Minister of Youth and Sport Elisabeta Lipa
A multiple Olympic, world and European champion rower, President of the Romanian Rowing Federation and President of Dinamo Bucharest Sports Club.

2015-16 Minister-delegate for Public Consultation and Social Dialogue Victoria-Violeta Alexandru
2016-17 Minister of Public Consultation and Social Dialogue

2015- Secretary of State of Defence Otilia Sava

2015- Secretary of State of Environment, Waters and Forests Erika Stanciu

2015- Secretary of State of Energy Corina Popescu

2015- Secretary of State of Communication and the Information Society Carmen Elian
 

2016-17 Minister of Communications and for Information Society Delia Popescu

2016-17 Minister of Culture Corina Șuteu

 

2016-17 Minister Delegate of Foreign Affairs for Romanians Abroad Maria Ligor

2016-17 Minister of Justice Raluca Alexandra Prună

 

2016- Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs Daniela Grigore Gîtman
Ambassador to Czechia 2009-2015.

2016- Secretary of State of Public Finance Elena Georgescu

 

2016- Secretary of State of Economy, Commerce and Relations with the Business Environment Anca Magdalena Chiser

2016- Secretary of State of European Fonds Alina Seghedi

2016- Secretary of State of Justice Gabriela Scutea

2016- Secretary of State of Agriculture and Rural Development Daniela Giurcă

2016- Secretary of State of Agriculture and Rural Development Niculina Tâlvăr

2016- Secretary of State of Regional Development and Public Administration Mihaela Vrabete

2016- Secretary of State of Education and Scientific Research Monica-Cristina Anisie

2016- Secretary of State of Education and Scientific Research Nicoleta-Claudia Moldovan

2016- Secretary of State of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Iolanda Mihaela Stăniloiu

2016- Secretary of State of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Oana Silvia Țotu

2016- Secretary of State of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Oana Popescu

2016- Secretary of State of Culture Oana Bogdan

2016- Secretary of State of Culture Anca Drăgoi

2016- Secretary of State of Environment, Waters and Forests Simona Olimpia Negru

2016- Secretary of State of Health Corina Silvia Pop

2016- Secretary of State of Health Ioana Ursu

2016- Secretary of State of Health Monica Emanuela Althamer

2016- Secretary of Youth and Sport Georgeta-Narcisa Lecușanu

 

2016- Secretary of State of Public Consultation and Civic Dialouge Alexandra Luminița Petresc


2016- Secretary of State of Public Consultation and Civic Dialouge Raluca Gabriela Popovici

2017- Minister of Interior Carmen Daniela Dan
Prefect of Teleorman County 2014-16 and a Senator from 2016.

2017- Minister of Labour and Social Justice Lia Olguța Vasilescu
Vice-President of the Governing PSD and Mayor of She was indicted in 2015 on four counts of bribery, three counts of using her authority or influence to obtain money or other goods, and money laundering. She was briefly jailed last spring.

2017- Minister of Water and Forests Adriana Petcu

2017- Minister for Romanians Abroad Andreea Pastarnac
Ambassador to Israel

2017- Minister-Delegate for EU funds Mihaela Toader

2017- Minister-Delegate for EU Affairs Ana Birchall