to Women in Leadership
Female Heads of State of Israel/ Midinat Yisrael/Isra’il
Acre (The Kingdom of Jerusalem in Acre)
1253-61 (†) Regent Dowager Queen Plaisance de Antiochia of Cyprus . After Jerusalem fell to the
Selsjuks the capital of the Latin Kingdom moved to Acre. As titular Queen she
used the title Maria II.
1257-61 (†) Regent of Jerusalem in Acre (Israel)
After the death of her husband, Henri of Lusignan, her son Hugh II was only a few months old ans she claimed the regency. The High Court of Cyprus confirmed her in this position, but the Barons in the mainland, in Akkon (what remained of the former Kingdom of Jerusalem) demanded that she showed up herself before they would confirm her as regent. Lord Jean d'Ibelin of Arsuf was bailliff in Jerusalem and she contemplated marrying his son. In 1258 she tried to strenghten her pssition and arrived in Tripoli with her son. The High Court of the Kingdom assembled, and her brother, Boemond tried to be accepted as heir to the throne of Cyprus in the abcense of, grandson of Emperor Frederik II and Queen Maria of Jerusalem, but this was rejected and the royal family was drawn into the civil war between the Genoese, Venetians, Hospitallers and the Templars. A majority was in favour of Plaisance's regency, and she returned to Cyprus after haveing reappointed Jean d'Ilbelin as bailliff. She was daughter of Boemond V of Antiochiaia and Lucienne de Cacammo-Segni, and lived (1236-61)
1268-77 Titular Queen Maria II de Antiochia-Poitier, Sovereign Princess of Acre
She was the daughter-daughter of King Almearic I of Jerusalem and petender to the throne against Hugh III de Lusignan, King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. She ceded her claims to the king of Napoli
. After Jerusalem fell to the Selsjuks the capital of the Latin Kingdom moved to Acre. As titular Queen she used the title Maria II.
1193-98 Baroness Agnes de
Co-ruler with husband.
1177-1206 Countess Messelinde
Around 1173 Baroness Lucia
1123-? Regent Dowager Lady Emma
She succeded her brother
1249-64 Lady Marguriette
Daughter of Jean I (1229-41) and succeeded brother.
1119 Regent The Dowager Countess
1171-74 Princess Eschiva I
Daughter of Guilllaume II (1148-58) who was succeded by her husband, Gautier de Fauqenberge (1159-71)
1240-47 Princess Eschiva II
Ruled jointly with Odo de Montbelliard. The state was conquered by the Syrians 1247.
1244-64 Countess Helivs
Succeded father Rhoart II (1198-1244)
1151 Countess Beatrice
In 1151 she sold the leftowers of the county to the emperor of Byzans. The rest was conquered by the Selsjuks.
Around BCE 1472 Joint Reigning Queen Jopes Cassiopeia
She ruled the state established by the hoenecians of Sidon jointly with king Cepheus
1175-92 Coutess Sibylla d'Anjou
1185-92 Queen Regnant of Jerusalem
She succeeded her son, Baldwin V, and ruled jointly with husband prince Guy de Lusignan of Cyprus. She was crowned as Queen and then immediately crowned Guy as King.
Titular Queens of Jerusalem (See Reiging Queens)
Around 1400-42 Titular Queen Yolande de Aragón of Sicily, Napoli, Jerusalem,
and Aragón (Italy)
1417 Regent Dowager Duchess of Anjou and Province (France)
1424-27 President of the Estate Generals of Anjou and Province
Daughter of Juan I, king of Aragón, she was initially called Violenta. Her father was succeeded by Martin as king of Aragón. Her marriage to Louis II of Anjou in 1400, who spent much of his life fighting in Italy for his claim to the kingdom of Napoli. She was appointed guardian of her son-in-law the Dauphin Charles who became Charles VII in 1422, but his title was still challenged by the English and their Burgundian allies. In this struggle, Yolande maneuvered to have the duke of Bretagne break from an alliance with the English, and was responsible for the Breton soldier, Arthur de Richemont, becoming the constable of France in 1425. Yolande's early and strong support of Jeanne d'Arc, when others had reasonable doubts, suggests the Duchess' possible larger role in the orchestrating the Maid's appearance on the scene. Her younger daughter, Yolanda, was married to the heir of Bretagne, her youngest son René inherited Lorraine in 1431 and after her older son's Louis III's death, and three years later he also became duke of Anjou and heir of Sicily. She lived (1379-1442).
1414-35 Queen Regnant Giovanna II d'Anjou of Napoli (Italy) and Titular Queen of Jerusalem, Cyprus and Armenia
She succeeded her brother, and two years later, her second husband, Jean de Bourbon, was imprisoned after trying to seize power. She adopted Alfonso V of Aragon as her heir in 1421. After he tried to take over power in 1423, she transferred the adoption to another relative; Louis III d'Anjou, who she had expelled in 1420 for trying to seize power. After Louis' death in 1434, his brother, Rene was appointed heir, but Alfonso took power after her death.
1458-64 Queen Regnant Charlotte of Cyprus and Titular Queen of Jerusalem and Armenia
As she succeeded her father, Jean II, the Grand Caraman, the Turkish ruler of Caramania, seized the opportunity afforded by a weak government in Cypern to capture Courico, the last Latin outpost in Armenia, which had been in the possession of the Lusignans since the reign of Pierre I. In 1453 the Ottoman Turks had expanded to the shores of the Bosphorus and invested Constantinople by sea and land. While she had the support of the nobility, her half-brother Jacques the Bastard, had the sympathy of the Cypriot population, and had been led to believe that his father wished him to succeed to the throne. But the barons were too strong for him, and Jacques, although archbishop, was not allowed to take part in the coronation. In 1459 Charlotte married her cousin, count Louis of Savoy, and Jacques broke into open rebellion and took refuge in Cairo. Presenting himself to the sultan, who was suzerain of Cyprus, Jacques complained that, though next male heir to the throne, he had been driven from the island, and appealed successfully for help to recover his inheritance. In 1460, with a fleet of eighty Egyptian galleys, Jacques landed at Larnaca. The Cypriots, hating the Savoyards whom Charlotte's husband had brought to the island, received him gladly, and he was soon master of the island. Charlotte and her husband took refuge in the castle of Kyrenia, where they were blockaded for three years. The castle, which was not actively attacked, was finally surrendered by the treachery of its commandant. Queen Charlotte with her husband fled to Rome, where she died in 1487 after bequeathing her sovereignty to the house of Savoy. Her half-brother was renowned for his political amorality. She lived (1436-87).
1473-74 Regent Dowager Queen Catherine Cornaro of Cyprus
1474-89 Queen Regnant of Cyprus and Titular Queen of Jerusalem and Armenia
1489-1510 Sovereign Countess of Alonso (Italy)
When her husband King Jacques II died, she was appointed Queen until the birth of an heir, with a council of regency among whom were her uncles Her son King Jacques III only lived one year. The Venetians acquired increased importance, but their pretensions were resented by the Cypriot nobility, who designed to place on the throne Alfonso, a natural son of Ferdinand of Napoli. The Latin archbishop, Fabricius, who was the leader of Alfonso's party, arrived in Cyprus with two armed galleys and a letter from the Pope denouncing the uncles of the Queen as murderers of Jacques II. Her uncles, Andrea Cornaro and Marco Bembo were killed. But the conspiracy was not supported by the Cypriots. On the arrival of a Venetian fleet at Famagusta to demand satisfaction for the murder of the uncles of the Queen, the conspirators sought safety in flight. Caterina was allowed to remain Queen of Cyprus, but she had no real power, since all the principal offices of the kingdom were in the hands of the Venetians. After 15 years she was persuaded ther to leave Cyprus. To compensate her she was allowed to retain the title of Queen, with an ample allowance. In 1489 Queen Caterina embarked for Venice, and remained in exile at Alonso for the remainder of her life. She lived (1454-1510).
1473-83 Sovereign Duchess Yolande of Lorraine and Bar, Countess d'Alsace (France)
1481-83 Titular Queen of Sicily, Sardegna and Jerusalem
Daughter of Jean II (1425-70), Duc de Lorraine, Titular King of Napoli and Claimant to Aragón by his grandmother, Yolanda de Aragón, and successor of her brother, Nicolai. Married to Frederich de Lorraine, Comte de Vaudémont, who died in 1470 and Ferri II de Guise, who was Duke by the right of his wife, and was succeeded by her son, René II de Vaudémont. She lived (1428-83).
1833-68 Her Catholic Majesty Isabel II, by the Grace of God, Queen of Spain and the Indies
Her other titles were Queen of Castile, Leon, Aragon, the Two Sicilies, of Jerusalem, Navarra, Granada, Toledo, Valencia, Galicia, Mallorca, Menorca, Sevilla, Cardeña, Córdoba, Cócega, Murcia, Jaén, the Algarve, Algerias, Gibraltar, the Canary Islands, the East and West Indies, , and the Oceanic Colonies, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Burgundy, Brabant and Milano, Countess of Habsburg, Flanders, Tirol and Barcelona, Lady of Vizcaya and Molina. She was married to Don Franciso of Spain, titular king, mother of around 14 children of whom only her son, Alfonso XII, and four daughters survived. She was deposed 1868, abdicated 1870, and lived (1830-1904).
1148-55 Dame Agnes de Courtenay
Married to Aumanery d’Anjou.
1166-? Countess Regent Maria
She was Dowager Queen of Jerusalem
1173-87 Baroness Regnant Stephanie
The eldest daughter of Philip of Milly, Lord of Nablus and Isabella, daughter of Maurice, Lord of Oultre-Jourdan. Her first husband Humphrey III of Toron held varied positions of power within the Kingdom. After his death in 1170, she married Miles of Plancy (d.1174). Through her marriages, Stephanie had managed to acquire two important crusader garrisons: Kerak (not to be confused with Krak des Chevaliers) and Montreal. When Stephanie was besieged within Kerak by Nur ed-Din, she sent for assistance, and was rescued by her first father-in-law Hunphrey II of Toron (d.1179). In 1174 she married Reynald of Chatillon. When Saladin besieged and retook Jerusalem, Stephaine's son Humphrey was amongst the ransomed captives. Stephanie asked for the release of her son and Saladin agreed to release him only on surrender of Kerak and Montreal - both garrisons refused. Stephanie duly returned her son to Saladin, who released him soon afterwards.
1184-circa 1240 Baroness Marie Sans-Avoir
Rahmala and Mirabel
Around 1120-circa 60
Hereditary Dame Helvis
Daughter of Badouin of Ramalah and first marreid to Balan de Cartres, Lord of Ibelin (d. 1143/50). After his death she transferred her possessions to their son, Hughes d'Ibelin, Lord of Ramalah (1132-68/71), who was succeeded by brother. The third son inhertied Ibelin. Also mother of two daughters . Around 1150 she married Lord Manasses d'Hierges. She lived (circa 1105/10-circa 60)
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