India Substates

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
India Substates

See also Indian Heads of State and India Ministers




1596-99 Regent Chand Bibi Sultana
She was killed 1599.

1656-70/71 Regent Khunza Humayun Sultana


1723-31 Rani Regnant Pramathesvari Devi

1732-38 Rani Regnant Ambika Devi

1738-44 Rani Regnant Sarvesvari Devi

Ajmer (in Rajastan)

1179-80 Regent Dowager Rani Karpura Devi

Akkalot (Or Akalot)

1923-36 Regent Dowager H.H Rani Shrimant Tara Bai Raje Sahib Bhosle
After her husband, Captain Meherban Shrimant Fatehsingh III Shahaji Raje Sahib Bhonsle, Raja of Akkalkot (1894-96-1923), was killed by accidental poisoning at the Sassoon Hospital; she took over the regency for their son Meherban Shrimant Vijayasinhrao Fatehsinhrao Raje Sahib Bhosle, Raja of Akalkot (1915-23-47-52), who was succeeded by his younger brother, Meherban Shrimant Jaysinhrao Raje Fatehsinhrao Raje Saheb Bhosle. Rani Shrimant Tara Bai Raje Sahib was daughter of Meherban Shrimant Sir Pirajirao Bapu Saheb Ghatge, Chief of Kagal Senior, and was also known as Aie Saheb Maharaj, and lived (1899-1942).

1965- Head of the Royal House of Akkalkot Shrimant Rani Sumitrabai Raje Bhosle
Succeeded her father, Meherban Shrimant Raja Jayasinhrao Vijayasinhrao Raje Bhosle, Raja of Akalkkot. As her younger sister, Shrimant Suchitrabai Raje Bhonsle, she is unmarried, and in 2005 she adopted Meherban Shrimant Majoji Raje Bhosle, who got the title of Manaji Raje Bhosle. He is born 1994 as son of Meherban Shrimant Jayajirao Bhosle, of Kurla, by his wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Jayaprabha Bhosle.


Ambala and Kalsai

1786-1808 and 1809-23 Rani Regnant Daya Kaur
Widow of Gurbakhsh Singh of the Nishanavali principality of the Sikhs who ruled over Ambala, assumed control of the misl and the family estate upon her husband's death. She ruled over the territory remarkably well for nearly 37 years. Sir Lepel Griffin in his "The Rajas of the Punjab" noted that she was an excellent ruler and her estate was one of the best managed in the protected territory. In November 1808, Maharaja Ranjit Singh ejected her from the city and seized all her property and possessions, and divided the country between Raja Bhag Singh of Jind, his maternal uncle, and Bhag Singh's friend and ally, Bhai Lal Singh of Kaithal. In 1809, the Sutlej chiefs passed under British protection. She appealed to Colonel David Ochterlony, agent to the Governor-General at the Ludhiana Political Agency, who forced the chiefs of Jind and Kaithal to restore to her the territories which originally belonged to her. After her death her estates and property lapsed to the British government. (d. 1823).


1778-1815 Rani Regnant Pal-Lahara


1771-79 Rani Regnant Lakhsimi Sinha Narendra

Avadh (See Oudh)



1656-61 Regent Dowager Princess Khadija Sultan of Bijapur
After the death of her husband, Muhammad Adil Shah (1613-26-56) she was regent for Ali Adil Shah II, but it is unknown how they were related and rumours soon sirculated that he was a illegitimate child or no child of Muhammad. The Mughal Emperor of Northern India used this as an excuse to invad the sultanate but she managed to fend it of. During her reign she was in close contact with the Dutch Eastindian Company. 1661-62 she made a hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca and the following year she went on a journey to Persia. It is not known what happned to her after 1665. She was daughter of Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah (1593-1611-26).


1922-36-? Rani Profulla Kumari Devi
She was born (1910-)

Bahmani Sahi

1461-70 Regent Dowager Sultana Malhdemon Gaha
For Nizanu Shah /d. 1463) and Sams ad-Din Muhamed Shah


1831-41 Regent Nawab Yamuna Bibi Sahiba
For minor son


1875 Acting Head of the Royal Family Dowager H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maharani Jamnabai Sahib Gaekwad
Maharani Jamnabai was Pregnant at the time of the death of her husband, Sir
Khanderao Gaekwad (1828-1870), the succession of her brother-in-law  Malharrao was delayed until the birth of the child in July 1871, which showed out to be a girl. Malharrao was deposed by the British because of mismanagement of the economy, gross tyranny and cruelty, and she called to the heads of the extended branches of the dynasty to come to Baroda and present themselves and their sons in order to decide upon a successor and she chose the later Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III and adopted him. She might have been member of the Council of Regency that handled the affairs of state until he came of age in 1881. She lived (1853-1898).

Bednur (East and South Dekkan)

1671-86 Rani Regnant Cannamaji
Succeded husband and succeeded by adopted son   

1686-98 Rani Regnant Dodda Chinnamaji
She succeeded husband.

1756-63 Rani Regnant Canna Virmmaji
Succeeded husband and succeeded by adopted son


Around 256/74  Queen of Vakataka
The wife of Rudrasena II of Bhadramukhas (256-274), she ruled independently for 20 years.

Bharatpur (Delhi)  

1826-35 H.H. Maharani Sri Maji Sahiba Gangawaue Miraj Kaur
Widow of  H.H. Maharaja Shri Brijendra Sawai Baldeo Singhji Bahadur Jung (1823-25), and regent for son until she was deposed.

1900-18 H.H. Maharani Sri Sri Maji Bibiji Kishan Kaur
Widow of 
H.H. Maharaja Shri Brijendra Sawai Ram Singhji Bahadur Jung (1893-1900), when he was deposed in favour of his infant son. (d. 1922)

Bhopal (The rulers of the state were muslim but the population mainly hindu)

1730-95 De Facto Ruler Mamola Bai 
Mumullah alias Mamola Bibi Mahji Sahiba (b. circa 1712; d.s.p. 1795), Regent 1777, presented to Yar Muhammad as a spoil of war, a Lady of Rajput ancestry

1819-37 Regent Dowager Begum Kudsiyya Begum (HH Qusida Begum Sahiba)
Also known as Princess Qudsia, daughter. She was ganddaughter of Sultan Hayat Muhammad Khan (1777-1807) and widow of Nadhr Muhammad Khan (1816-19)  

1844-59 H.H. Nawwab Sultan Shah Jahan Begum Sahiba, Nawab Begum of Bhopal
1868-1901 Nawab Begum
Succeeded husband, Gahangir Muhammad (1827-44) and ruled under regency of her mother, in whose favour she abdicated. She later succeeded mother and was succeeded by daughter. Lived (1838-1901)

1844-49 Regent Dowager Begum H.H. Sikander Begum Sahiba
1859-68 Nawab Begum Regnant  
First regent for daughter, and after her abdication ruler in her own name. She lived (1818-68)

1901-26 H.H. Sikander Saulat, Iftikhar ul-Mulk, Nawab Sultan Kaikhusrau Jahan Begum Sahiba, Nawab Begum of Bhutal (Sarkar Amman)
Succeeded mother and abdicated in favour of son. Shah Jahan lived (1858-1930)  

1935-49 Vice-President of the State Council Princess Abida Sultan 
1960-61 Titular 18th Nawwab Begum Regnant
She succeeded to the title after the death of her father, HH Sikander Savlat Ifrikar il-Mulk Haji Sir Muhammad Hamidullah Khan Badur, but the title was conferred to her yonger sister by the government of India since she lived in Pakistan. She immigrated in 1950. A close associate of Fatima Jinnah, sister of the Founder of Pakistan and one-time Presidential candidate. Abida Sultan was Ambassador to Brazil and Chile 1954-59 and married to Sarwar Ali Khan Khan, Nawab of Kurwai (1901-06-86) and is mother of one son, Shanhryar Muhammad. Her husband was succeeded by a son by an other wife as titular Nawab of Kirwai.
She lived (1913-2002)

1960-1995 Sikander Saulat Iftikhar ul-Mulk Haji Nawab Mehr Tai Sajida Sultan Begum Sahiba, Nawab Begum of Bhopal (India)
She was also Maharaini of Pataudi, and was regent of that state from 1952. Under the name of Sajida Maimoona Sultan, she was member of Parlament for Bhopal 1957-62. Succeeded by grandson. She lived (1915-95)


1580-90 Rani Cand Bibi

Bikander (Punjab)

1698-1700 The Sisodia Maharani Sahiba
Widow of Maharaja Sri Anup Singhji Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner and regent for her son 1698-1700. 

1700 the Rajawat Maharani Sahiba
Widow of Maharaja Sri Anup Singhji Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner and regent for son, who succeeded half-brother.


Cannanore (Kannur)
In the muslim dynasty of Arakkal the firstborn succeeds to the throne
regardles of gender

1728-32 Rani Herrabichi Kadavube Adi Raja Bibi

1732-45 Rani Junumabe Adi Raja Bibi I

1777-1819 Rani Junumabe Adi Raja Bibi II

1819-38 Rani Mariambe Adi Raja Bibi
Succeeded mother

1838-52 Rani Hayashabe Adi Raja Bibi
Succeeded mother

1907-11 Rani Imbichi Adi Raja Bibi
Succeeded brother. Daughter of Hayashabe 

1921-31 Rani Ayisha Adi Raja Bibi
Arakkal Beevi Ayesha Sultana I 

Rani Mariyumma Adi Raja Bibi
She was succeeded by
Ali Raja Sultan Hamza

1997-2006 Adiraja Ayisha Muthu Beevi, Arakkal Beevi
Also known as
Sultana Aysha Aliraja, she lived (1922-2006)

2006- Adiraja
Sainaba Ayisha Beevi, Arakkal Beevi II
Other versions of her name are Arakkal Beevi Ayesha Sultana II or
Ali Raja Sultana Zainaba Aysha Beevi and Beevi is also written Bibi or Beebi. She was inagurated as head of the royal family at a solemn function with participation of the local MP and other dignitaries. (b. 1924-).


Chalukya Empire (
535-757 in Southern India)

... General Takkadevi
According to the ancient sources she won a number of battles, and thereby earned the sobriquet 'rana-bhairavi' or battle-goddess.


1748 Regent The Dowager Rani
Known as "The Jammu Princess", she was widow of Paramanabhattaraka Maharajadhiraja Ugra Singh who was deposed in 1734 and died the following year. When her son, Paramanabhattaraka Maharajadhiraja Umed Singh Varma Deva succeede (1725-48-64) a cousin, she was in charge of the government.

1808-circa 20 President of the Cuncil of Regency Dowager Rani Sarada Sahiba
The widow of Paramanabhattaraka Maharajadhiraja Jit Singh Varma De (1775-93-1808) , she was regent for her son, Raja Sri Charat Singh (1802-08-43)


After 681 Politically Influential Queen Vijaybhattarike
A well-known poet, she is mentioned as reigning for a time in the absence of her husband King Chandraditya who was the brother of Vikramaditya I (655-681).
Around 1015-42 Governor Princess Akkadevi, of a province in......
She was sister of the Calukya king Jayasinha II. She fought battles and superintended sieges.


After 655 Governor Princess Vijaya Bhattarika of a Province
She was governor under King Vikramaditya I of Chalukya (655-681).

1093-? Regent Dowager Maharani Mayamalla Devi
After the death of her husband, Karna, she was regent for son, Siddaha Raja Jayasimmha (1094-1143)

1178-? Regent Queen Naikidevi of Chalukyas
hen Mohammed Ghori attacked the Chalukyas, the king was only an infant; his mother Naikidevi became the regent and led her troops to war and defeated Ghori.


985-1016 Politically Influential Princess Kunadavai
Influential during the reign of her brother, king Rajaraja I (985-1016). Her intelligence and goodness inspired so much respect among the people that they called her Ilayapirathi. Later in history we will also know her as a woman who brought up Rajarajan's son, King Rajendra Chola, and inspired him to achieve greatness.

Cochin (Kochin) (The family structure in the ruling family is martrichal, and there is a female co-ruler, The Velliama, though with less power than the kings)

1656-58 Regent Dowager Maharani Gangadhara Lakshimi  
A coastal district in far southwestern India, about 150 miles (240 km.) northwest of Cape Comorin.

Until 1861 Co-Ruler, Velliama Ekkavu Thampuran I

1861-90 Velliama Manku Thampuran I

1890-1901 Velliama Kunji Kavu Thampuran I

1901-02 Velliama Manku Thampuran II

1902-17 Velliama Kunjipilla Thampuran I

1917-30 Velliama Ekkavu Thampuran II

1930-42 Velliama Kunji Kavu Thampuran II

1942-47 Velliama Kavu Thampuran

1947-55 Velliama Kunji Kavu Thampuran III

1955-68 Velliama Manku Thampuran III

1968-69 Velliama Kunji Kavu Thampuran IV

1969-77 Velliama Manku Thampuran III

1977-83 Velliama Ekkavu Thampuran III

1983-86 Velliama Kunjipilla Thampuran II

1986 Velliama Ekkavu Thampuran IV

1986 Velliama Kaumma Thampuran

1986- Velliama Mankutti Thampuran

Cooch Behar

1922-32 (†) Regent and President of the State Council Maharani Siniti Devi 
Eldest daughter of Babu Keshab Chandra Sen and to Colonel H.H. Maharaja Shri Sir Nripendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur, Maharaja of Cooch Behar (1862-63-1911), she was regent for grandson, Jagaddipendra Narayan (1915-22-47-70). She lived (1864-1932).

1922-32 Member of the State Council  Maharani Indra Devi Sahiba
1932-36 Regent and President of the State Council
After her husband's death, the Viceroy Lord Reading consulted the British-Indian government of Bengal and the state government of Cooch Behar to appoint a regent and a council for the minority of her son, Maharaja Jagaddipendra Narayan  (1915-22-47-70) and he asked her to serve as regent. Her administrative skills were deemed by observers very middling indeed, but she was socially active and spend long time in England after her son came of age. Born as a Princess of Baroda, she had broken off her engagement to the Maharaja of Gwalior to marry Jitendra, the younger brother of the Maharaja of Cooch Behar, who succeeded to the throne just after their marriage. The mother of 5 children, she lived (1892-1968).


Coorg (Kodagu)

1809-11 Rani Regnant Devammaji
She was deposed  


Delhi Sultanate (Covering Large parts of Northern India)

1236 De-facto Ruler Shah Turkaan
Iltutmish became the first sultan to appoint a woman as his successor when he designated his daughter Razia as his heir apparent. (According to one source, Iltumish's eldest son had initially been groomed as his successor, but had died prematurely.) But the Muslim nobility had no intention of acceding to Iltutmish's disregard of tradition in appointing a woman as heir, and after the sultan died on April 29, 1236, Razia's brother, Ruknuddin Feroze Shah, was elevated to the throne instead. Ruknuddin's reign was short. With Iltutmish's widow Shah Turkaan for all practical purposes running the government, Ruknuddin abandoned himself to the pursuit of personal pleasure and debauchery, to the considerable outrage of the citizenry. On November 9, 1236, both Ruknuddin and his mother Shah Turkaan were put to death after only six months in power.

1236-40 Sultan Radiyya bint Shamas al-Din Iltutmish
(Also known as Razia Begum or Radiyya Altamish). She deposed her brother and had him killed. She was deposed and executed in 1246/47

Dewar (Senior)

1754-56 Regent HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Savitri Bai Raje Sahiba
Regent for adopted son.

1827-35 Regent HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Bhawani Bai Sahiba
Regent for adopted son. She died 1865.

1860-67 Regent HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Yamuna Bai Sahiba
Regent for adopted son. Granted the personal title of Maharani in 1905. Born as Princess of Baroda and lived (1829-1909)

1941-43 and 1947-48 Regent HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maharani Pramula Bai Maharaj Sahib
Her husband, Maharaja Sir Shahaji II (or Sir Vikramsinh Rao Tukoji Rao Puar (1901-83)) was ruler of Dewar (1937-41) but abdicated in order to become ruler of Kolhapur. He had been adopted by Dowager Maharani Tara Bai (See below) and was succeeded in Dewar by oldest son, Krishnaji Rao II. In Kolhapur he was succeeded by son of oldest daughter, whom Sir Shahaji adopted. Pramula Bai is born as Princess of Jath in 1910.


1761-79 Regent H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Gahena Bai Sahib
Regent for son Raja Shrimant Khande Rao I Yeshwant Rao Puar (1758-82).

1782-1800 Regent H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Nubadha Bai Sahib (Bala Bai)
Regent for son, Ananol Rao II Khande, who was born six months after the death of his father and lived until 1807. Nubadha Bai Sahib was born as Princess of Baroda.  

1807-10 Regent H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Princess Maina Bai Sahib
For son Ramchand Rao I Anand, who was born 5 months after his father's death.

1912-1913  Superintendent, Court of Wards and Controller of the Household 
1926-31 Regent H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maharani Lakshmi Devi Bai Sahiba, DBE 
She was regent for her adopted son - her nephew. Born as Hansa Bai Raje Sahiba of Savantwadi. She lived (1890-1931)


1873-84 Maharani Regent H.H. Sidh Sri Patialawala Maharani Sateha Devi Bhawa Sahiba of Dholpur
Her husband, Raja Shri Kulendra Singh Jai Deo Bahadur, Yuvraj Sahib of Dholpur, died the same year as his father, and she became regent for her 10 year old son, Maharajadhiraja Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Nihal Singh (1863-73-1901).
She was born as Maharajkumari Bibiji Basant Kaur Sahiba as daughter of Maharaja Sir Narendra Singh Mahendra Bahadur of Patiala, GCSI, and lived (1845-88).

1901-05 Possible Member of the Council of Regency H.H. Sri Pundrikganeshpuri Maharani Habans Kaur Sahiba
When her husband, Maharajadhiraja Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Nihal Singh, died a council of regency took over the reigns for her minor son,  Maharajadhiraja Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Sir Ram Singh Lokendra Bahadur (1901-11).

1954-71 Regent Dowager H.H. Sri Badrukhanwala Maharani Malvender Kaur Sahiba
When her husband, Maharajadhiraja Shri Sawai Maharaj Rana Sir Udai Bhan Singh, she adopted the second son of their only daughter, Maharani Urmila Devi Sahiba (1924-97) and her husband Maharaja Shri Sir Pratap Singh Malvendra Bahadur of Nabha,  Maharajadhiraja Shri Sawai Maharaj Rana Shri Hemant Singh (b. 1951-), who was recognized as the new Maharaja by the government of India in 1956 with effect from October 1954, but was deposed as "ruler" in 1971 following the new constitution. He is married to Maharajkumari Shrimant Vasundhara Raje Sahib Scindia, BJP Politician, former Union Minister of State and Chief Minister of Rajasthan since 2003. Maharani Malvender lived (1893-1981).

Dhrangadgra (Priviously named Halvad)

1500-.. Regent Patodhara Sodhaji Raniji Shri Asadi Kunverba Sahib of Halvad (later known as Dhrangadgra)
One of the many wifes of Rana Raj Raydharji, she became regent when her grandfather, Thakore Shri Lakhadhirji II Samatsinhji Sahib, Thakore Sahib of Muli, installed her son, Raydharji, as ruler, when his two older brothers accompanied their father's funeral procession

1523-.. Regent Patodhara Waghelji Raniji Shri Kalyandi Kunverba Sahib of Halvad (later known as Dhrangadgra)
7th wife of Rana Raj Raydharji, she took over the regency after his death for their son, Shri Shaktimant Jhaladipati Mahamandleshwar Rana Sriraj Mansinhji Ranoji Sahib, Rana Raj Sahib of Halvad.

1758-82 Regent-in-Opposition H.H.
Raniji Ba Shri Jijibai Kunverba Sahib of Halvad (later known as Dhrangadgra)
Her son, Maharana Sriraj Jaswantsinhji II, was named as Maharana Raj Sahib in opposition to his father, Maharana Sriraj Gajsinhji II, who ruled until his death in 1782. Her son succeeded him and  moved the capital to Dhrangadhra in 1783. He died 1801. She was daughter of  the Thakore Sahib of Varsoda.


1894-19..  Maharani Regnant Beni Prasad Kuardi


Gandhara (Greek-Bactrianian State)

BCE 135-23 Regent Dowager Queen Agathokleia


Until 1608 Queen of the Jam Chiefs of  (India)
Her family, the Jam Chiefs of Gersoppa, was established in power in 1409 by the Vijayanagar kings, but subsequently became practically independent and established its capital in  Nagarbastikere. The chieftaincy was several times held by women, and on the death of the last Queen it collapsed, having been attacked by the chief of Bednur. Among the Portuguese the North Kanara district of Bombay was celebrated for its pepper, and they called its Queen Regina da pimenta (Queen of pepper).

Gilit (Dardistan) (in Punjab)

1700s Shin Rani Guwari


From 1626 Regent Aayat Bahs Bigum
For Abd Allah (1613-26-72)

Gondwana (Garha-Kalanga)

Circa 1545-64 Rani Regnant Durgavati of Gondwana
The principality is also known as Garha-Kalanga, and it's inhabitants were a group of Dravidian tribes, aboriginal (pre-Aryan) people She was the daughter of the Rajput chief of Mohaba and married to Dalpat Shah, and after his death she ruled for their minor son. In 1564, the Moghul emperor Akbar directed one of his commanders Asaf Khan to conquer the kingdom. On the advance of the huge imperial Moghul army, she was cautioned by her counsellors to whom she replied, "It is better to die with glory than to live with ignominy". Her son Bir Narayan was seriously wounded. But she waged the war with the great skill and bravery until she was disabled by two arrow shots. Her officers wanted to carry her from the battlefield to a place of safety, but she rejected the proposal and committed suicide.


Guler (in Punjab)

1695-1705 Regent Bilas Devi
For Dalip Singh


After 1251 Mahamandalesvara Ganapamba
Initially Joint sovereign with her husband, her title after 1251 indicates an individual reign. S
he was daughter of emperor Ganapati in Andhra, who was succeeded by her older sister, Rudradeva, who reigned from 1259.

Gupta Empire

320-335 Joint Ruler Queen Kumaradevi Licchavi
She is always mentioned jointly with her husband Maharajadhiraj Chandragupta I in seals and proclamations. The Guptas were an obscure clan and it is their alliance with the Licchavi Federation that enabled them to rise to power swiftly. Naturally, the stronger partner in the alliance would insist that their representative hold equal power. It is also emphasized by the fact that their son, Samrat (emperor) Samadragupta is always described in the family list as 'son of Licchavi daughter'.


1827-33 Regent HH Dowager Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Baiza Bai Raje Sahiba 
Regent for adopted son Jankoji  Rao II Scindia,  until she was expelled from  the kingdom in 1833. Daughter daughter of Meherban Shrimant Rajamanya Rajashri Tuljoji Rao Ghatge, Sarje Rao, Chief of Kagal (d. 1862)

1843-44 Regent HH Dowager Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Tara Bai Raje Sahiba 
 Regent for her adopted son, Maharaja Jayaji Rao Scindia. 

1886-94 Regent H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maharani Sakhya Bai Raje Sahib Scindia

1925-31 Regent HH Dowager Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maharani Chinku Raje Bai Sahiba
From 1902 she was Colonel-in-Chief 2nd 'Ali Jah' Gwalior Lancers. She was regent for son  Maharaja Sir George Jivaji Rao Scindia Bahadur

1931-36 President of the Regency Council HH Dowager Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maharani Gajra Raje Bai Sahiba
Regent for stepson. (d. 1943)



Around 1200 Army Commander Queen Umadevi
She led two campaigns against recalcitrant vassals during the reign of her husband, king Viraballala II of Karnataka (1173-1220).



1700s Rani Anubai

Indore (Andaur)

1767-95 Regent Dowager Maharani Ahalya Bai
Regent for son Malle Rao.    

1808-17 Regent H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Tulsi Bai Sahiba
Regent for husband,
Maharaja Rao III. (1798-1811). She was beheaded on the banks of the Sipra and her remains thrown into the river, 20th December 1817), Daughter of Ajiba, a priest of the Manbhoo sect

1818 Regent Rani Krishnabai Holkar 
The City of Indore became the capital of the Indore princely state in 1818 after the British forces under Sir John Malcolm defeated the Holkars led by Rani Krishnabai Holkar at Mahidpur. She signed the treaty of Mandsaur by which the control of Indore went in the hand of the East India Company.

1843-49 Regent H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maji Keshri Bai Sahiba 
She was a potter woman who entered the harem of  H.H. Jaswantrao Holkar VI Subadar Bahadur, Maharaja (1798- 1811), but she never formally married him.  She was regent for her adopted grandson H.H. Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Khanderao Holkar (1843-44) and his successor. She (d. 1849).

1961-  Maharani Regnant Ushadevi Holkar (H.H. Maharanidhiraja Rani Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Usha Devi Maharaj Sahiba Holkar XV Bahadur)
She succeeded her father Maharajadhir Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Rao II Holkar. (1908-26-47-61). She has a younger half-brother, Prince Richard Holkar, whose mother was American. Mother of a number of children. (b. 1924-).  


Around 1076-1126 Queen Jakaladevi
She was a fervent devotee of Jina, but her husband, Vikramaditya VI, was determined to bring her to the Hindu fold, but gave up his attempt when he was carried away by the beauty of an icon of Mahu-Manikya (Jina) brought by a trader, and asked the queen to install it in her home town, so that her subjects could derive inspiration from her religion. Her kingdom was placed in Ingalgi in the Bijapur District of Karnataka 



1768-78 Regent Dowager Rani Chandawatiji Maharani Sahiba
Regent for son H.H. Saramad-i-Raja-i-Hindustan, Raj Rajeshwar Shri Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sawai Shri Prithvi Singh II Bahadur, who lived (1763-78). He was married to several wifes, and was succeeded by brother. 

1819-34 Regent  H.H. Maji Sahiba Shri Batianji (II) Maharani Sahiba
Regent for her son 1819-1834,  H.H. Saramad-i-Raja-i-Hindustan, Raj Rajeshwar Shri Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sawai Shri Jai Singh II Bahadur, Maharaja of Jaipur, who was born after his father's death. (d. 1834)

1835-29 Regent H.H. Maji Sahiba Shri Chandrawatji Maharani
For son H.H. Saramad-i-Raja-i-Hindustan, Raj Rajeshwar Shri Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sawai Shri Sir Ram Singh II Bahadur, Maharaja of Jaipur. She lived (1821-58) 

1970-2011 Hereditary Princess Diya Kumari
The only child of Maharaja Bhawani Singh, she handed over her oldest son, Padmanabh, for adoption to her father, and he thereby became Crown Prince of the State and succeeded to the throne, when her father died in 2011. She was elected to the State Legislature of Rajastahan in 2013. She is married to the commoner, Kunwar Narendra Singh, and mother of another son and daughter. (b. 1970-)


1922-33 Regent H.H. Nawab Kulsum Begum Sahiba
Also known as Lady Kulsum Sidi Ahmadkhan, she was regent for her son, Nawab Sidi Muhammad Khan Sidi Ahmad Khan (1914-22-72), who was the ruler of the Sunni dynasty of Abyssinian origin, who had moved to the Island of Janjira (Jhuzira or Zizera), where they were appointed Captains and later Governors of the Island. The form of government was a sort of aristocratic republic, with an established order of succession until Emperor Aurangzeb conferred the title of Nawab to the ruler in 1671.
They were notorious pirates for many years until 1733. She was born as Kulsum Bibi Sahiba and lived (1897-1959).


1529-30 Regent Dowager Sultan Dudu  

1768-78 Regent Dowager Rani Chandawatiji Maharani Sahiba
Regent for son H.H. Saramad-i-Raja-i-Hindustan, Raj Rajeshwar Shri Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sawai Shri Prithvi Singh II Bahadur, who lived (1763-78). He was married to several wifes, and was succeeded by brother. 

1819-34 Regent  H.H. Maji Sahiba Shri Batianji (II) Maharani Sahiba
Regent for her son 1819-1834,  H.H. Saramad-i-Raja-i-Hindustan, Raj Rajeshwar Shri Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sawai Shri Jai Singh II Bahadur, Maharaja of Jaipur, who was born after his father's death. (d. 1834)

1835-29 Regent H.H. Maji Sahiba Shri Chandrawatji Maharani
For son H.H. Saramad-i-Raja-i-Hindustan, Raj Rajeshwar Shri Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sawai Shri Sir Ram Singh II Bahadur, Maharaja of Jaipur. She lived (1821-58) 


1825-27 Regent Dowager Nawab Musharraf Begum Sahiba
After the death of her husband,
Nawab 'Abdu'l Ghafur Muhammad Khan Bahadur, she was regent her step-son, Nawab Ghaus Muhammad Khan Bahadur (1823-25-65), who was then placed under a series of regents and guardians until he came of age and was invested with full ruling powers, 1842. She was daughter of Nawab Akhund Muhammad Ayaz Khan and her sister was the wife of Emperor Bahadur Shah of Delhi (d. 1865).


1810-12 Deshmukh Regnant Renuka Bai

1812-23    Deshmukh Regnant Sali Bai

From 1841Deshmukh Bhagirathi Bai  


1853-57  Lakshmi Bhai (Mani Karnika)
Regent for Stepson. In 1854 the British invaded the state, and she led the resistance against the British in the 1857-uprising. She became a heroine and a symbol of resistance to to the British rule. She lived for only twenty-two years. She became a widow in the eighteenth year. The Rani was active in defending her country against the British and was in charge of the eastern side of defence. However, she lost her life on the second day of fighting. A popular Indian ballad said that she was the most dangerous of all the rebel leaders. She lived (1827/35-57)

Jodhpur and Marwar

1947-49 Regent
Rajmata Krishna Kumari 
After the death of her husband, she was regent for son, Maharaja Gaj Singh II (1923-47-52-). She provides a strong cultural binding to the family. The last reigning Maharani of Marwar-Jodhpur (1947-1949) it was she who bore the brunt of the sweeping changes in the first decades of India's independence. It was she too who instilled in her young son his deep and defining sense of duty. A former Member of Parliament, the Rajmata is deeply religious and continues to participate in a myriad of social and religious activities. Also known as HH Maharani Krishna Kumari Ba Sahiba of Dhrangadhra.


Kakativas (Kakatuyas) (Kakatiya dynasty in Andhra)

1259 Regent Princess Rudramma Devi
1262-95/96 Sole ruler 

Originally named Rudramba, she was the eldest daughter of emperor Ganapati in Andhra. She was formally designated as a son through the ancient Putrika ceremony and given the male name of Rudradeva and declared the queen-designate. She was trained in horse riding, fighting and military tactics. After her father's death, she ruled her empire ably, winning battles. Her sister Ganapamba was the joint sovereign of Guntur with her husband. After 1251 the sister was titled Mahamandalesvara, indicating individual reign.


Until 1840 Rani Mehatab Kaur
Her son was Sher Singh was Maharaja of Lahore


606-47 Politically Influential Princess Rajyasri
She regularly took a seat of honour beside her brother king Harsa, and shared in state deliberations.

Kara in Tosala and Kongoda (Orissa)

Around 846 Mahrajadhiraja Parmesvari Tribhuvana Mahadevi I
She also used the title Parambhattarika and was member of the Majhapit-Dynasty, which later immigrated to Indonesia. She succeeded king Subhakara Deva III. and was succeeded by king Santikara II.

After 885 Mahrajadhiraja Parmesvari Tribhuvana Mahadevi II
Also known as prthvi Mahadevi, she was the widow of Subhakara and was ousted by King Santikara III.

Around 900 Mahrajadhiraja Parmesvari Gauri Mahadevi 
King Santikara III (Subha Kara Devi) was by Subhakara V who was married to Gauri Mahadevi and Vakula Mahadevi. Gauri Mahadevi was succeeded by her daughter Dandi Mahadevi and Dandi Mahadevi conquered the throne.

916-23 Mahrajadhiraja Parmesvari Dandi Mahadevi of Kara
Succeeded mother and was succeeded by her step mother Vakula Mahadevi.

Around 940 Mahrajadhiraja Parmesvari Vakula Mahadevi
The second widow of Santikara III, she succeeded step-daughter, Dandi Mahadevi, and was succeeded by Dharma Mahadevi another widow of Santikara - III.

From circa 949 Mahrajadhiraja Parmesvari Dharma Mahadevi
The third widow of Santikara III to rule the kingdom, she was the last ruler of Bhaumkara dynasty, which came under the grip of Somavamsis, and later migrated to Indonesia.


1019 Administrator Queen Jogabbarasi of the Village of Ajjadi
The village was situated in Karnataka in Southern India.

1019 Administrator Queen Lakshmadevi of Dronapura
The village was situated in Karnataka in Southern India.

1024-1068 Governor Akkadevi of Kisukadu Seventy
She was the sister of the Calukya king Jayasinha II (1015-1042). In the course of her rule, additional divisions comprising sixty villages of Toragale, a hundred and forty villages of Masiyavadi and seventy villages of Bagadage were added to her province in Karnataka. She encouraged education by giving liberal grants to brahmapuris and agraharas (both settlements of Brahmins, where education was imparted), of Perur which accommodated five hundred students. She was known as 'Joy of the student community. She was besides, an excellent warrior and fought and won a war against a rebel chief of Gokage. She had a secular outlook and had given grants to Jaina basadis and Hindu temples. She undertook pilgrimage to Varanasi. Like Ajjarasa, who had defeated many kings, a large number of soldiers and chiefs were proud to acknowledge Akkadevi as their ruler, capable and efficient. It is probable that Mayurasarman, ruler of Banawasi twelve thousand Province and Panungal one thousand, was here husband.

Around 1042-around 1068 Governor Queen Mailaladevi, the Province of Banavasi
Mailaladevi, a senior queen of Somesvara I of Karnataka, she ruled the important province of Banavasi, comprising twelve thousand villages.

Around 1042-circa 68 Governor Queen Ketala, the Province of Pomnavad
She was another wife of King Somesvara I of Karnataka.

1076-? Administrator Queen Ketaladevi of Shiraguppe, Kolanoor and other cities
Married to king Vikramaditya VI of Karnataka.

1076-? Administrator Queen Lakshmi of Dronapura
Also married to king Vikramaditya VI of Karnataka.

1076-? Administrator Queen Piriyaketaladevi
Another wife of king Vikramaditya VI of Karnataka, she ruled three villages.

From 1076 Governor Queen Srimadevi of Samkarige
Another wife of king Vikramaditya VI of Karnataka, she ruled three villages.

From 1076 Governor Queen Pamdambika of Tadikonda
Another wife of king Vikramaditya VI of Karnataka, she ruled three villages.

1094 Administrator Queen Mailala Mahadevi of the Town of Kannavalli
She was the wife of king Vikramaditya VI of Karnataka, and built a temple for the god Malleshwara.

Around 1100 Administrator Revakabbarasi of Posavuru
She ruled during the period of Medieval Karnataka, and was married to general Vavanarasa.

Around 1000 Administrator Mahadevi of Maruvolal
She was in charge of Marol in the Bijapur District of Karnataka. She was the daughter of Irivabedanga Satyasraya (Emperor in 997-1008).

Around 1100 Responsible Officer Revakabbarasi of the Royal Household of Karnataka
Her title was Pasayite

Around 1100 Chief Administrator Jakkiabb of a Nagarakhanda Division
In Karnataka the administration of larger units, e.g., nadu (a division comprising several villages), other than villages and towns was also assigned to women, if they were found competent. Sattarasa Nagarjuna was the chief administrator of a division (nalgavunda). He headed Nagarakhanda, consisting of seventy villages and was responsible for revenue, irrigation and the general administration of this division. When he died prematurely, the king found in his widow, Jakkiabbe, an able administrator and appointed her in his place. She supervised the work of several headmen (perggade) under her and put through several deals, recovered dues and distributed grants. While dedicating herself to administration, her health failed. She was succeeded by daughter.

Around 1100 Administrator Queen Laliteya Devi of Mottiwada
She was in charge of the Belgaum District of Karnataka

11.... Chieftainess Nagasanamma in Karnataka
She was widow of a feudal chief and inherited the chieftainship. she is described as Mahasamantha showing that she ruled as a feudal lord in her own right.

1148 Village Headman Lakkadevi
Her title was mahaprabhuvini

Circa 1199-circa 1247 Governor Queen Bhagubai of three Large Regions
She was the in charge of three large regions in Karnataka, including modern Bijapur district and earned admiration of her king and overlord Singhana II.

Around 1200 Urodati Vennele Settikavve of Satenahalli
She was also security officer, and stopped loot and rampage in her territory in Karnataka by punishing the ruffians and supporting the ethos of traders. She also arranged seminars on religion (dharma-prasanga)

Until 1275 Co-Ruler of Ballamahadevi, the Barahkanyapura Province
1275-92 Regent
The province was situated in Barkur in the South Kanara District of Karnataka. She assisted her husband, Vira Pandyadeva, in administering his province from Barahkanyapura. After his sudden death she was regent for their minor son, Nagadevarasa. She is mentioned as mistress of the Western Sea.

1335-1348 Administrator Queen Chikai Tai of Tulunad
She ruled the region on behalf of her husband, the Hoysala king Vira Ballala III, and seems to have continued her role even after her husband's death.


114 Queen Regnant Yasovati

950-58 De-facto Ruler Rani Didda of Kashmir, Yassakara and Parvagupta
958-80/81 Regent Dowager Rani
981-1004 Rani Regnant
She was ruler during the whole reign of her husband Kshmagupta, afterwards regent for her son Abhimanyu, and thereafter as sole ruler in her own right after killing her three grandsons. She eventually handed over the throne to her maternal family from Lohara in undisputed, peaceful succession. Didda was very beautiful but was apparently lame. She was able to transform herself from a comparatively unsure and politically naive persona into a ruthless, decisive and ambitious one. Her alternate bribe-and-placation policy helped in quelling rebellions

1028-36 De-Facto Ruler Rani Suryamati
Queen Suryamati made judicious selection of ministers and other officials to give public confidence in her otherwise weak husband, King Ananda. He was later made to abdicate in favour of his son.


Keladi (Karnataka)

1671-96 Rani Chennamma
She successfully fought with the armies of Bijapur and Aurangzeb.


1842-56 Regent H.H. Dowager Maharani Shri Kika Bai Sahiba
After the death of her husband, H.H. Umdai Rajahai Buland Makan Maharaja Shri Mokkam Singhji Sahib Bahadur, she was regent for her adopted son, a distant relative of her husband, H.H. Umdai Rajahai Buland Makan Diwan Maharaja Shri Prithvi Singhji Sahib Bahadur (1838-42-79). She was daughter of Maharaj Shri Amar Singhji Sahib Bahadur, of Udaipur.


1700-10 Regent Dowager Rani Tarabai
After the death of her husband Rajaram she became regent for their son Shambhaji II.

1760-73 Regent HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Jiji Bai Sahib Maharaj (Jijibai)
She was regent for adopted son, since her husband HH Kshatrtiya-Kulawatasana Sinhasanadhishwar Shrimant Raja Shahu Sambahaji II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj (1698-1760) only had a posthumosly born daughter with one of his seven wifes. He was Raja of Satara (with his mother as regent) and then of the newly created state, Kolhapur) Jiji Bai lived (171673)

1760-61 "Heiress" H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati ...Bai Sahib Maharaj.
There was no female succession, but no heir was appointed until after her death.
She lived (1760-61). 

1773-79 Regent HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Durga Bai Sahib Maharaj
Another widow of Shahu Sambahaji II. Died 1779. 

1838-57 Regent HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sai Bai II (Dewan Sahib Maharaj)
Regent for son, was removed from office from her part in the Indian Mutiny of 1857. She (d. 1861).

1940-46 and 1946-47 Shrimant Akhbad Soubhagyavati Maharani Tara Bai Sahib Maharaj (Tarabai Sahib Chhaatrapati - /Indumati Devi)
Widow of Maharaja Sir Rajaram II Bhonsle Chhatrapathi Maharaj who "only" had one daughter. She therefore adopted a relative, Shivaji V, who lived (1941-46). Tarabai also adopted his successor. Born as Princess of Baroda in 1904.

Kurandvad (Senior Branch)

1927-69 Shrimant Sitabaisaheb Bhalchandrarao Patwardhan (Mai Sahib)
She lived (1901-69)  


1906-1919 Regent the Dowager Rani
Her son, Sarwar Ali Khan Khan, Nawab of Kurwai (1901-06-86) was among others married to Princess Abida Sultaan,  the Titular 18th Nawwab Begum Regnant of Bhopal)


Lahore - Punjab

1754 and 1761 Governor-Regent Muglani Suraiya Bigum
She was Regent of the Mongul-Afgan Empire of India 1754  

1840-41 Regent Dowager Rani Mai Chand Kunwar

1843-46 Regent Dowager Rani Jidan


1862-77 President of the Council of Regency Dowager Rani Bai Shri Hariba Kunverba Sahiba
After the death of her husband, Maharana Shri Fatehsinhji Bhojraji Sahib she was regent for their son, Maharana Shri Sir Jaswantsinhji Fatehsinhji Sahib (1859-62-1907).


Madura (Trichinapali)

1682-1705 Regent Dowager Rani Mangamal (Mangammal)
Regent for King Mutti Vriappa III (1682/5-89 and Chokkanatha II (1689-1731)

1732-36 Rani Regnant Minakshi Ammal
Succeeded her husband and committed suicide.


Around 280 Mahrani Regnant Prabhavati Gupta
Her Poona plate mentions her as the daughter of Chandra Gupta II and Kubera Naga, who ruled independently and issued charters without the sanction of any extraneous higher atithority.
Though no much evidence is available, from the available records it is understood that Sri Gupta could be the first King of the Gupta lineage who at the time ruled in the Bengal. She was married to Sri Gupta (240-280)


1600-24 Regent Dowager Begum
After the death of her husband,
Khan Sahib Fath Muhammad Khan, Rais of Maler (1566-1600) she was regent for their son, Nawab Muhammad Bayazid Khan Bahadur (1593-1600-
59), who later changed the state's name to Malerkolta. She was born in Rupar in Afganistan.

Maratha (or Marathen)

1765-95 Rani Ahalaya Bay
Her son, Mali Rao succeeded his grandfather, Malhar Rao Molkar, but died after 9 months and she succeeded him.

Maurya Empire
The first really large and powerful centralised state in India

233-32 Rani Padmavati
After the death of her husband Ashoka Vardhana or Govindchand she ruled alone . Since she had no children her her advisors appointed Hariprem Vairagi as king.


Ca, 1803-11 Rani Regnat Sumitra Devi

Mewad (Mevad)

Arround 1193 Rani Regnant Kurmardevi


1899-1909 Regent Dowager Rani Parbati Bai Shiba


14.. Rani Regnant Lakshima Devi

14.. Rani Regnant Visvasa Devi  


1937-47 Regent Shrimant Sakal Soubhagyavati Parvatidevi Raje Sahib Ghorpade
When her husband,
Raja Shrimant Sir Malojirao IV Raje Ghorpade Bahadur (1884-1900-1937), abdicated she became regent for her son Raja Shrimant Bhairavsinhrao Raje Ghorpade Bahadur (1929-37-84). She handed over the government to him on 10 July 1947 and on 15 August he signed the instrument of accession to the Dominion of India and merged his state with Bombay the following year. He died in a car crash leaving an only daughter, Rajkumari Shrimant Menka Raje Ghorpade-Maurya, who is mother of a son, Vijaysinh Maurya, Director of The Mudhol Land Holdings Co. Pvt. Ltd.

Mysore (Mahisur)

1799-1810 H.H. Soubhagyavati Maharani Sri Lakshmi Ammani Devi Avaru Regent for her adopted grandson, 25th June 1799 - February 1810, eldest daughter of Sardar Kathi Gopalraj Urs, of the Bettadakotte family. She lived (1742-1810) 

1868-81 Regent .Soubhagyavati Maharani Sri.....
Regent for adopted son, H.H. Maharaja Sri Sir Chamarajendra Wodeyar X Bahadur, Maharaja of Mysore (1863-94)

1894-1902 H.H. Soubhagyavati Maharani Sri Vani Vilasa Sannidhana Kempa Nanja Ammani Avaru
She was regent for her son 
H.H. Maharaja Sri Sir Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV Bahadur, Maharaja of Mysore. She lived (1866-1934) 



1941 and 1942-1943 Regent Maharani Shri Gulab Kunwarba Sahib
Regent during the absences of her husband since 1935, Maharaja Jam Shri Sir Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji Sahib Bahadur of Nawanagar. She was Daughter of H.H. Maharajadhiraj Maharao Shri Sir Sarup Ram Singhji Bahadur, Maharao of Sirohi, by his first wife, H.H. Maharani Krishna Kunwarba Sahib, and lived (1910-94)


1833-43 Rani Regnant Chira Devi

1997 Heiress NN ?
Only daughter of Raja Rajendra Chandra Mardraj Harichandra of Nilgiri, she married Maharaj Bhim Singh, 8th Jagirdar of Shivrati since 1975. Mother of one son.

Nobo Sohphok Khasi (Mountain Sate in Assam)

Before 1829 Rani Regnant U Ka Mtabai

Until 1870 Rani Regnant U Ka Sar


Circa 1030-990/1000 Joint-Ruler Rani Kripi
She was joint ruler of her brother, Raja Kripa, ower the territory which was carved out of the State of Panchalas. They belonged to a side-line of the family of the rulers of the state.



1841-54 Regent Dowager Maharani Larai Rani
For Sunjan Singh II Mahendra


Around 900 Reigning Queen
She was elected as ruler after the death of her son, Lolitabharana Deva.


Oudh (Ovadh, Avadh or Awadh) More details in Women State Leaders

1739-96 Politically Influential Nawab Aliya Sadrunissa Begum, Nawab Begum of Oudh
She was the oldest daughter of Burhan-ul-Mulk, Subedar of Avadh. Married to her cousin and father's successor Mirza Muhammad Muqim (Safdar Jung) (1739-64) in around 1724. When her father died in 1839, Nadir Shah plundered Delhi in 1739, and the Avadh landlords and small chiefs who had been effectively subdued by her father, raised their heads and arms in the attempt to secure their individual independence. In his capacity as the Nawab of Avadh, her husband was hesitant to face them despite his superior military strength. Had it not been for Nawab Begum's forceful promptings which eventually culminated in success, there may have been no further history of Avadh. She lived (circa 1712-96).

1775-81 Politically Influential (Amat-uz-Zehra) Janab Aliya Muta'aliya Bahu  Begum (Bahu  Begum was) of Avadh
After her father-in-law's death, she paid off the huge debts of her husband, Jalal-ud-din-Haider, (Shuja-ud-daula), to the East India Company, thereby ensuring his succession. After this he seems to have decided to entrust his finances to Bahu Begum. After his death in 1775 she secured the succession for her son, Mirza Amani (Asaf-ud-daula) against the advice of her mother-in-law, Nawab Begum. Her son continously demamded money from her. In 1781 both the Begums were arrested by the British, two eunuchs, whose position at the court of Bahu Begum were unrivalled, were tortured until they handed over the treasure. Members of the royal zenana and khurd-Mahal were harassed, humiliated and made to suffer enormous privation. She remained illiterate all her life, but it never seemed to hamper her perspicacity or tenacity in dealing with the outside world. Born i Persia and lived (circa 1747-1815).

1814-37 Politically Influential Badshah Begum
Her husband, Ghazi-ud-din Haider, preferred death for his son, Nasir-ud-din Haider, rather that his succession to the throne. Badshah Begum was childless. She, therefore, matched her husband's whim by having Nasir-ud-din's mother killed (another wife of Ghazi-ud-din), and by then adopting Nasir-ud-din. She brought up Nasir-ud-din as her own, and later took up arms against her husband. It was no ordinary confrontation. In 1837 King Nasir-ud-din Haider died of poisoning. The British Resident  had already drafted a paper ready for the signature of the next King of Avadh. But Badshah Begum wanted Farid-un-Bakht to be king, and she marched at the head of some two hundred heavily armed men towards the Palace. Her troops removed the incumbent ruler and his relations. The following day the British opned fire and most of the Begum's men were killed or wounded, and she were sent to the fort of Chunar which was in British territory, where both she Farid-un-Bakht died in captivity. (d. 1846).

1819-56 Subadar Nawwab  

1857 Reigning Dowager Rani Begum Hazarat Mahal Iftikharun-nisa
She was
with of Wajid Ali Shah, the last reigning king of Oudh, who had 40 sons and 32 daughters with his 250 wifes. Together with her son she lead an uprising against the British. Died in exile in Nepal in 1879.

Circa 1990s The Begum Shehzadi Wilyat Mahal
It is not clear when she succeeded to the title of the state, which today is part of the state of Uttar Pradesh.  Her oldest son is born 1961 and she lived in New Delhi (b. 1934).  

Oudh substates - the Taluqdars of Oudh - the nobles

Around 1870 Rani Kishan Nath Kunwar of Kurwar of the Bachgoti Clan
Jointly with
Rai Madho Prasad Singh

Around 1870 Rani Saltnat Kanwar of Nanikpur  (Bisen Clan)

Around 1870 Rani Lekhraj Kanwar of Surajpur (Bais Clan)

Around 1870 Rani Sarafraj Kanwar of Babhnipair (Kalhans Clan)

Around 1870 Mrs. Rose of Aera (European)


Pal Lahara

1778-1817 Rani Regnant Arnapura
She was the first ruler of that state


1796-18.. Member of the Council of Regency Sardani Sada Kaur of the Sukkarchakkias in Punjab
Circa 1796-18.. Regent of the Kanhaiya Territory

1840-41 Maharani Mai Chand Kaur (Maharani Malika Makkadas)  
She was widow of Maharaj Kharak Singh and assumed ruling powers on the death of her only son Maharaja Nau Nihal Singh. She was deposed in favour in a relative of her husband. Killed 1841.

1926-57 Titular Head of the Royal Family Princess Bamba Sophia Jingan (Maharani Duleep Singh)
She was the daughter of the last Maharajadhuraja Duleep Singh Bahadur (1843-93) and (self-proclamed?) successor of her brother as titular head. Married to an Englishman and also known as Princess Bamba Sutherland. She lived (1869-1957)

Patiala (Hindu-State in Punjab)

After 1751 Politcally Influential Princess Bibi Rajindar Kaur of Patiala
After the death of her husband, Chaudhari Tilok Chand, of Phagwara, she took charge and the charge of the family estate, consistsing of over two hundred villages, fell to her. In 1778, Raja Amar Singh of Patiala, who was her first cousin, was defeated by Hari Singh of Sialba. She came to his rescue with three thousand soldiers marching through the territories of the chiefs who had fought on the side of Harl Singh. During the reign of the minor Raja Sahib Singh, Rajindar Kaur was again in Patiala to defend the town against Maratha onslaughts. At the head of a strong force she marched as far as Mathura where peace parleys were opened with the Marathas. She died at Patiala after a short illness, and lived (1739-1791).

1793-1801 Military Commander Bibi Sahib Kaur Ji of Patiala
She commanded numerous battles during the reign of her younger brother, Raja Sahib Singh of Patiala. In 1793 her brother according to some sources entrusted to her the office of prime minister. She was allied with other sikh commanders and were able to fight off all the enimies. She lived (1771-1801).

1812-15 Regent Sri Rani Aus Kaur Sahiba
For her husband, the maharaja, who died in 1813
and afterwards for her son.


1952-59 "Regent" Dowager Maharani Maimoona Sajjida Sultaan
Wife of the Nawab of Pataudi (1915-52) regent for her son, the titular Nawab Nawat Mahfooz Ali Khan (b. 1941-). She was Member of Parliament 1957-67 for Bhopal. Daughter of the Nawwab Sultan of Bhopal. Her sister, Abida Sultaan was Nawwab Sultan in 1960, but relinquished the title in her favour.


1765-67 Regent Dowager Rani Sagvanabai Aisaheb
First regent alone, secondly regent for Janoij, raja (1777-1825)

1827-28 Regent Dowager Rani Prapataph Sinha Bajaji II

1841-53 Regent Dowager Rani Sahebjibai Baya Saheb

1860-1916 Regent Dowager Rani Mudhoji


1831-41 (†) Regent H.H. Dowager Rani Ba Shri Rupaliba Kunverba Sahiba
After the death of her husband, H.H. Maharaja
Rana Shri Khimojiraj Haloji Sahib, she was in charge of the government for her son, H.H. Maharaja Rana Shri Vikramatji Khimojiraj Sahib, Rana Sahib of Porbandar. (1819-31-1900), whose ancestors had arrived in Western India over 2.000 years ago and ruled the same area for most of the time. She was daughter of Thakore Shri Hathisinhji Gajsinhji Sahib, Thakore Sahib of Chuda. (d. 1841).


Quilon (in Kerala)

1516 Rani regnant



1845-68 Regent Dowager Rani  Parvathavardini


779–794 Joint Ruler Empress Shila-Mahadevi
She ruled jointly with her husband, Emperor Dhruva, and had the right to make large grants independently.



1858-64 Regent The Rani
1864-65 Regent (Dowager Rani)
She was regent for Hindupat Singh, who was mentally ill. After he was deposed, she reigned alone. 


1778-1803 Regent Dowager Rani Suimri Begum
1803-36 Rani Regnant
For Musffard ad-Daula Zafar Nab Han (Aloyis Baltasaar Reinhard) - illegitimate son of her husband, Bum Raja (1773/76-78). who was born in Luxembourg as Walther Reinhard. She later became Rani in her own right and when she died, the state was incorporated in British India. Born as Johanna Noblis 


1700-07 Regent HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Tara Bai Sahib Maharaj (Sita Bai Ali Sahib)
In 1714 her son, HH Kshatrtiya-Kulawatasana Sinhasanadhishwar Shrimant Raja Shahu Sambahaji II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj (1698-1760), became ruler of Kolhapur. Tara Bai lived (1675-1761).


1803-05 Regent Dowager Rani Lakshimi Bai
Widow of Khem III Raja

1807-18 Regent Dowager Rani Durga Bai


1845-53 President of the Council of Regency Dowager Shri Rani Khangarotji Sahiba-
Regent during the whole lifetime of her son,
Svasti Shri Rajadhiraja Jagat Singhji Sahib Bahadur (1837-45-53), who succeeded her  husband Svasti Shri Rajadhiraja Madho Singhji Sahib Bahadur, who abdicated shortly before his death.

1853-69 President of the Council of Regency  Dowager Shri Rani Dadiji Sahiba Mertaniji Sahib
As she was pregnant at the time of the death of her husband,
 Svasti Shri Rajadhiraja Jagat Singhji Sahib Bahadur, the succession was left in abeyance until the sex of her child was known. As it was his fourth girl, she adopted his 1 year old cousin vasti Shri Rajadhiraja Lakshman Singhji Sahib Bahadur, and acted as his regent for the rest of his life. She lived (circa 1832-1916).


1771-? Regent for the Secular Ruler Princess Mai Desan


1760-80 Reigning Rani Velu Nachiyar
When her husband, Muthuvaduganathaperiya Udaiyathevar, was killed by British soldiers and the son of the Nawab of Arcot, she was drawn into battle. She escaped with her daughter and lived under the protection of Palayakaarar Kopaala Naayakkar at Virupachi near Dindigul for eight years. During this period she formed an army and sought an alliance with Gopala Nayaker and Hyder Ali with the aim of attacking the British, whom she did successfully fight in 1780. When she found the place where the British stored their ammunition, she arranged a suicide attack: a faithful follower, Kuyili, doused herself in oil, set herself alight and walked into the storehouse. She formed a woman's army named "udaiyaal" in honour of her adopted daughter — Udaiyaal, who died detonating a British arsenal. She was one of the few rulers who regained her kingdom and ruled it for ten more years. She granted powers to the Marudu brothers to administer the country in 1780. She lived (1730-1796).

Sindh and Baluchistan

639-40 Rani Regnant N.N

Around 1107 Rani Regant Hamun
In succession to King Singhar, who ruled (circa 1092-circa 1107)

Sirmur (in Punjab)

1815-1827 Regent Sri Guleri Raniji Sahiba
When the Governor-General of India appointed her son, Sri Raja Fateh Prakash Bahadur, as ruler in preference to his father, Sri Raja Karan Prakash II Bahadur (1793-1803), who had  greatly expanded his kingdom,  lost it to the Nepalese who annexed it when he asked for their help against a rebellion led by his younger brother in 1803. Thereafter he lived in exile at Buria in Punjab until his death in 1826.


1947-50 President of the Minority Administration H.H. Jadeji Maharani Shri Krishna Kunverba Sahib
Known as H.H. the Rajmata Sahiba, she became regent for the adopted son of her husband,  H.H. Maharajadhiraj Maharao Shri Tej Ram Singhji Bahadur (1946-50) after it had been headed by the Chief Minister for since his accession. Her husband, Maharajadhiraj Maharao Shri Sir Sarup Ram Singhji Bahadur had reigned 1920-46. Tej Ram Singhji  was removed by the Government of India in 1950 and replaced by Thakuran Raj Shri Abhai Singhji of Manadar, following a lengthy investigation into the circumstances surrounding his adoption. She was born as Maharajkumari Bai Shri Takhatba Sahib as the fourth and youngest daughter of H.H. Maharajadhiraj Maharao Mirza Shri Khengarji III Sawai Bahadur of Cutc and she (d. 1979).

Sonepur (in Western Orissa)

1800-22 Regent Rani Sri Laxmipriya Devi
Managed the administration of the state after her husband Raja Sriman Prithvi Singh Deo was captured and imprisoned by the Maratha Raja of Nagpur. She signed an agreement with the British Administration placing the state under British protection. With the defeat of the Marathas in the third Anglo-Maratha war on 1817, her husband returned to Sonepur in 1822.

Circa 1845-55 Regent  Rani Srimati Gundicha Devi Sahib
Married Raja
Sriman Prithvi Singh Deo in 1822 when he returned to Sonepur after 17 years of imprisonment and she served as regent during the last years of his life, and after his death, she continued as regent for their son, Raja Sriman Niladhar Singh Deo Bahadur (1837-41-91), who was extremely loyal to the British and sided with them during the Indian Mutiny of 1857.


Tanjore (Thanjavur)

1737-38 Regent Rani Sijana Bai
She was regent after the death of her husband
H.H. Meherban Shrimant Raja Ekoji II [Baba Sahib] Raje Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore. (1694-1736-37)

1855-85 H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyayati Chiranjiva Vijaya Mohana Muktamba Bai Ammani Raje Sahiba Chhatrapati Maharaj, Princess of Tanjore
youngest daughter of Maharaja Shivaji Bhonsle Chhatrapati Mahar and recognised as his titular successor. Married to  H.E. Vazratmoh Raja Shri Sakharamrao Sahib Chavan Mohite, Amirrao, Prince Consort of Tanjore, who was also married to one of her sisters. She lived (1846-86) and was succeeded by an adopted son, Shrimant Chiranjiva Shambhusinghjirao Sahib, who died in 1891.

Circa 1925 Shrimant Vijayamalabai Shaheb
Daughter of Merhaerba Shrimant Atmaramrao Mohite and married to Majaraja Sivshri Rajaram IV Chhatrapati of Kolhapur (1897-1922-40)

Tehri Garhwal

1631-42 Regent Dowager Maharani Mata Karnavati Sahiba of Tehri Garhwal
After her husband, Maharaja Mahipat Shah, was killed in battle she became regent for her son,  Maharaja Prithvi Pat Shah Sahib Bahadur. She became known as the 'rani who chops off noses' for her treatment of her vanquished foes, including the army sent against her by Shah Jahan.

1717-27 Member of the Regncy Council The Dowager Maharani
After the death of her husband, Maharaja Upendra Shah Sahib Bahadur, she reigned together with Puran Pal/Puriya Naithani for her son  Maharaja Pradip Shah Sahib Bahadur (1709-17-72)

1888-1892 Head of the Council of Regency The Guleri Rani
Initially her brother-in-law, Vikram Shah,  had headed the regency for her son Raja Sir Kirti Shah Sahib Bahadur (1874-87-1913) after the death of her husband Maharaja Pratap Shah Sahib Bahadur, but he was sposed and she took over.

Tekari (Punjab)

1888-94 The Rani Regnant


1737-38 Regent Dowager Maharani Sujana Bai Bhonsle
Reigned after the death of her husband Ekoji II, the Maratha ruler of Thanjavur of the Bhonsle dynasty, but was deposed after one year in office.



From 1790 Regent Rani Janhabib Bahadur Maha Devi
Regent for Rajendra. 

Travancore (Tiruvidamkodu/Tiruvankur )
The family follows matrilineal inheritance, according to male primogeniture. The two senior Princesses of the Royal House, the mother of the Maharaja and her sister, received the principality of Attingal in joint appanage, and were  styled the Senior and Junior Rani of Attingal. The Heiress Apparent had the title Sri Patmanabha Sevini Vanchi Dharma Vardhini Raja Rajeshwari Maharani (personal name) Bai, Senior Maharani of Travancore, with the style of Her Highness.

1253-82 Rani Regnant Sri Uma Devi

1366 – 1382      Raja Sri Vira Rama Martanda Varma, Raja of Venad. b. 1338, eldest son of the Senior Rani of Attingal, educ. privately. Installed with full ruling powers, 1366. He d. at Trivandrum, 1382.

1577-78 Sri Rani Makayiram Thirunal

1677-84 Sri Rani Aswathi Thriunal Ummayamma Rani  
1677-84/90 Rani Ummay Amma of Attingal

1684/90-85/91 The Senior Rani of Attingal

Around 1684/90-after 1718 Rani Kartika Tirunal, Junior Rani of Attingal

After 1718 The Rani of Attingal

After 1749 Senior Rani of Attingal, Rani Uthradam Tirunal
Adopted into the Royal House of Travancore in 1749 and married a Kochi Koil Tampuran of Tattara Kovil. Mother of two sons.

After 1749 The Junior Rani of Attingal
Together with her sisters, she was adopted into the Royal House of Travancore. She married a Kochi Koil Tampuran of Edathara Matam. Mother of one son and one daughter.

1798-1815 Senior Rani of Attingal, H.H. Sri Patmanabha Sevini Vanchipala Dyumani Raj Rajeshwari Rani Gouri Lakshmi Bai
Sri Padmanabhasevini Vanchi Dharmavardhini Rajarewari Rani and Regent of Travancore 
Regent for her son and married to M.R.Ry. Rajaraja Varma Avargal, Koil Tampuran of Changanasseri. Mother of one son and two daughters, and lived (1791-1815) 

1810-53 Junior Rani of Attingal, H.H. Sri Patmanabha Sevini Vanchi Dharma Dyumani Raja Rajeshwari Rani Gouri Parvati Bai
1815-29 Regent of Tavancore
Succeeded her elder sister as regent for her nephew. Married to M.R.Ry. …Varma, Koil Tampuran of Kilimanur. She had no children of her own, and (d. 1853) (An alternative version of her name was
Sri Padmanabhasevini Vanchi Dharmavardhini Rajarewari Rani Ghauri Parvati Bayi

1815-? Senior Rani of Attingal, Rani Gouri Lakshmi Bai
Daughter of
the regent, Rani Gouri Lakshmi Bai. (b. 1802-?)

?-1837  Senior Rani of Attingal, Rani Gouri Rukmani Bai
She succeeded her sister as Senior Rani of Attingal. Mother of eight children, and lived (1809-37)

1837-53 Senior Rani of Attingal, Rani Parvati Bai [Chathayam Tirunal].
She was unmarried and (d. 1853).

1853-57 Junior Rani of Attingal, Rani Lakshmi Bai [Pooradam Tirunal]
Married to M.R.Ry. Raja Raja Varma Avargal, Koil Tampuran. Mother of two sons, and lived (1829-1857)

1857-1901 Senior Rani of Attingal, H.H. Sri Patmanabha Sevini Vanchipala Dharma Vardhini Raja Rajeshwari Maharani Setu Lakshmi Bai [Bharani Tirunal], Senior Maharani of Travancore
Adopted into the Royal House of Travancore in 1749. married  M.R.Ry. Kerala Varma Avargal, Valia Koil Tampuran of Changanasseri. She adopted her two neices in 1900, and lived (1848-1901).

1857-93 H.H. Attingal Elaya Thampuran Parvati Bayi, the Junior Maharani of Travancore
Together with her elder sister, Bharani Tirunal Lakshimi she was adopted by their relative, the Maharaja of Travancore after the death of Rani of Travancore, HH Pooradam Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi, the niece of Maharajah Uthram Thirunal giving birth to a son, the later Maharajah Moolam Thirunal. She and her sister were daughters of Bharani Nal Amma Thampuran of Mavelikara. Her mother's family was a branch of the Kolathunad royal family which was directly related to the Travancore Royal Family, which followed the Marumakkathayam system of matrilineal succession and the death of the Rani threatened the perpetuation of the dynasty. Thus, as in the previous five such incidents, it was decided to adopt from the Kolathunad family. Since members of the family were resident within Travancore the choice was made from amongst them. She had had four sons and one daughter, of whom only one son survived.

1901-85 Senior Rani of Attingal, H.H. Sri Patmanabha Sevini, Vanchi Dharma Vardhini, Raja Rajeshwari, Rani Setu Lakshmi Bai Maharaja, Senior Maharani of Travancore
1924-31 Regent of Travancore
Adopted into the Royal House of Travancore by her maternal grand-aunt in 1900, regent for nephew,
For Sri Padmanabhasevini Vanchi Dharmavardhini, in 1924, and married to  M.R.Ry. Rama Varma Avargal, Valia Koil Tampuran (1890-1975). Mother of two daughters, and lived (1895-1985)

1901-83 Junior Rani of Attingal, H.H. Maharani Setu Parvati Bal, Junior Maharani of Travancore
Sister of Rani Setu Lakshmi Bai. She was granted the personal title of Maharani in 1924 with the style of Her Highness, from 1933. She was  Pro-Chancellor of Travancore University and married to M.R.Ry. Ravi Varma Avargal, Kochu Koil Tampuran. Mother four sons and one daughter, Maharani Kartika and lived (1896-1983)

?-1991-2008 Heiress Apparent Maharani Karthika Thirunal Gowri Lakshmi Bai Thampuratti
Karthika was daughter of
Rani Sethu Parvathibai and Ravivarma Koithamburan, and sister of the last Princely Ruler, Mharaja Sree Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma and the present Head of the Family, Maharaja Sri Marthanda Varma (1922-91-), who will be succeeded by her oldest son, Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma by Colonel Goda Varma Raja. Her oldest daugther is Princess Pooyam Thirunal Gowri Parvathi Bai, who inherited the position as the senior female member of the family, the second, Princes Aswathi Tirunal Gouri Lakshmi Bayi, is an author. She was the first member of the royal family to visit a foreign country breaking age-old ban on crossing the sea, and among others visited the Vatica. She lived (1916-2008)

2008- Heiress Apparent Maharani Pooyam Thirunal Gowri Parvathi Bai
Took over the position as the senior female member of the family after the death of her mother, Maharani Kartika.



1783-1786 Regent H.H. Sri Jahnavi Rani Mahadevayu
After the death of Krishna Manikya Deb Barman Bahadur, who ruled 1760-61 and 1767-83 for his nephew, Yudha Rajdhar Manikya II.

1947-48 President of the Council of Regency Dowager Maharani H.H. Sri Srimati Maharani Kanchan Prabhavati Mahadevi Sahiba
1948-49 Regent (Radhakrishnapada Srila Srimati Maharani)
Also known as Kanchan Prabha Devi. After the death of her husband Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya in May 1947, a council of regency under her leadership took over charge of administration on behalf of her minor son, prince Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya (b. 1933).
The state was faced an immediate refugee problem, which brought conflict between the people, severe strain on the administration and threatened to exhaust the meagre resources of the state, and she was forced to cede sovereignty to India within a few months and signed the treaty which transferred the state to the Union of India on 9th September 1947 comming effect two years later. Tripura became a Union Territory on 1st November 1956. The Territorial Council was formed on August 15, 1959. The dissolution of Territorial Council and formation of Legislative Assembly and a Council of Ministers in July 1963 were notable events. Finally Tripura became a full-fledged State in January 1972. She was the eldest daughter of Colonel H.H. Mahendra Maharaja Sri Sir Yadvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Panna, by his first wife, H.H. Mahendra Maharani Sri Manhar Kunwarba Sahiba, She lived (1914-73).


1530-99 Rani Abbakka Devi Chowta (Bucadevi I)
In reality there were three reigning Queens, a mother and two daughters, who fought the
during the period, but folk legend has "merged" them into one Queen.


1338-39 Kota Rani
Daughter of Raja Ramachandra, who was Minister 1330 and Raja 1320-21, widow of Raja Pinchana, Prince of Ladakh (d. 1323) and Raja Haydar han (1332-38). She was killed in 1339 after one year as sole ruler. 


902-04 Regent Sugandha Rani
904-06 Rani Regnant
Initially regent for Gopala Varman (902-04) and Samkata Varman (904) until she became ruler in her own name



Circa 390-410 Regent Dowager Queen Sita Mahadevi
Widow of Rudrasena II who died five years after coming to the throne and, his sons being minors, his widow (the daughter of Chandra Gupta II) acted as regent and had coins struck in her name . In the early part of the Christian Era when Bharasivas were suzerains, we have the seal of Mahadevi Rudramati - Seal No. 30, the last royal document of the Vakatakas, as the state became virtually a part of the Gupta empire.



Last update 06.11.16