Georgia Substates

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
n substates (Female Suffrage 1918/21) A former ancient Empire was divided in smaller principalities which recognized Russian supremacy 1783 and joined the Empire in 1801. Independent 1917-22 till it became part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Republic, later Republic of Gruzia. Independence 4.9.91

See Georgia Ministers and Georgia Heads


978-94 Queen Gurandukht
She succeeded Theodosius III the Blind and reigned jointly with king
Bagrat III
Bagrationi the Unifier (King of Georgia 1008-14) of the mountainous district along the east coast of the Black Sea.

Bosporanian Realm (Crimean)

Circa 180-circa 160 Regent Dowager Queen Kamasarye Philoteknos
Ruled jointly with her husband Pairisades II, King of the Bosporus in Asia Minor, and after his death she ruled alone until her own death two decades later - in the later years together with the kings Pairisades III and IV. She was her husband’s first cousin, being the daughter of his uncle Gorgippus, Her name was found inscribed on a sandstone base found on the hill above the shore of Lake Temryuk, near Phanagoria, which is preserved in The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersborg.

B.C. circa 215-175/76 Co-Reigning Queen Kamasayre Philoteknos
Together with husband, Pairisades II, who died around 190.

Until B.C. 13 Queen Dynamis of the Bosporanian Realm
B.C. 8-7/8 A.D. Reigning Queen
A grandchild of King Mithridatis of Persia, she inherited the country from her father. In 17/16 her first husband, Asander, died. Her second husband was deposed by the third in 3, the king of Pontos. They divorced and she was in exile until his death. Died circa 70 years old. and was succeeded by fourth husband, Aspurgos, who had not been co-ruler.

37/38-39 Queen Gepaepyris of the Bosporanian Realm (Crimean, Black Sea)
She succeeded husband, Aspurgos, the widower of Queen Dynamis.

45/6–68/9 Joint Ruler Queen Eunike
Reigned together with Kotys I. (45/6–68/9).


From 1804 Regent Dowager Duchess Marina
For Duke Mamia V (1804-23)

1819-28 De-facto Regent Duchess Sofia
1828-29 Regent Dowager Duchess
She was widow of Mamia V. In 1830 the state was annexed by Russia


B.C 125/24 Regent Dowager Queen Ghadani
The widow of King Pharasmenes II Kveli (circa 116-32), she became regent for grandson Pharasmenes III (135-185) after the death of her son Rhadamiste I (or Ghadam). She was daughter of King Sanatroukes a Parthian King of Armenia. (b. circa 100).

Imerati (Georgia)

1660-61 and 1668 De-facto Ruler Queen Daredjan
After the death of her second husband, King Aleksandri III (1639-60), she engineered the deposition of her step-son, King Bagrat IV, who reigned 1660-61, 1664-68 and 1679-81, whom she had ordered to be seized and blinded when he refused to marry her. She then married an insignificant nobleman Vakhtang Jujuniashvili, and had him proclaimed as king in 1660. They were deposed and exiled to Akhaltsikhe the following year. In 1668 they were restored by the Turkish Pasha of Akhaltsikhe but soon they were both killed. She was first married to Duke Zurab Sidamoni of Aragvi. She was daughter of King Taimuraz I, King of Kartli and Kakheti (Also known as Taimurazi Khan) and Princess Khwarashan of Kartli.

1978- Head of the Royal House H.S.H. Princess Tamara of Imereti
She is the daughter of H.S.H. Prince Michael Imeretinski [Kniaz Mikhail Giorgievitch Imeretinski] and Margaret Stella (b. 1926-)

Kakheti and Kakhet (The Kingdom of Georgia)

1605-14 Regent Dowager Queen Ketevan
Both her father-in-law, King Alexander II of Kakhetia (1577 - 1605) and her husband, Crown Prince David were assassinated by her brother-in-law, Constantine the Accursed, who had adopted Islam, on the instigation of Shah Abbas I of Persia. After committing this crime, Constantine ordered that the bodies of the murder victims be packed on camels and taken to Queen Ketevan. Assembling the people of Kakhetia, Queen Ketevan took up arms against Constantine, and together with a multitude of Persian warriors, he suffered an ignominious death. Under the wise rule of Queen Ketevan, peace and justice settled in Kakhetia. Shah Abbas I returned her son Teimuraz to her. Later, making threats that he could decimate Georgia, Shah Abbas forced the Kakhetian vassals to give up some important hostages, she volunteered to be one of those hostages. In five years after their exile Ketevan and her grandsons were separated. Shah Abbas had the young princes castrated. Alexander could not endure the torture and died and Levan became insane. They tried to keep all this from Ketevan. The Queen spent ten years in her "honorary" imprisonment in Iran in the house of Imam-Kuli-Khan Undiladze, a Georgian who had accepted Islam. Her body became exhausted through fasting, prayer, and nights spent on cold stone floors. Still, she remained vigorous and cheerful, taking care of her small flock-her retinue numbering about twenty Georgians. Finally, Shah Abbas decided to force Queen Ketevan to renounce Christ and accept Islam. He even offered her to become a member his harem. She refused and was tortured. She became a saint and is known as Holy Great-martyr Ketevan. She was of the royal house of Bagration, and was the great-granddaughter of King Constantine of Kartli (1469-1505). (d. 1624).

1709-15 Co-Regent Dowager Queen Anna Irubakidze of Kakheti
After the death of her husband, Irakli I, King of Kakheti (1675-1676, 1703-1709) and Kartli (1688-1703), she was regent  with her younger son, Teimuraz (future king Teimuraz II of Kakheti)  for her absent elder son David II (Imam Quli-Khan) from 1709-15. The kingdom was under the protection of the Safavid dynasty of Iran. The daughter of
Prince Shirmazan Irubakidze of Sacholokao, she (d. after 1716).

1744-46 Queen Regnant Thamar II Bagration of Kartli (Georgia)
7 years after the death of her father, of king Vakhtang VI, she had herself proclaimed ruler jointly with her husband, king Teimuraz II of Kakheti. Their son, Irakli II, became King of Kakheti and Kartli, uniting them into the kingdom of Georgia in 1762. Her mother lived Rusudani of Circassia, and she lived (1697-1746).

Until 1798 Politically Influential Queen Darejan
She among others influenced her husband, King Irakli II, to altered the line of succession in favour of their sons on the expence of his children by his first two marriages. He was succceeded by the fat, lazy though devout son Giorgi XII. One of Giorgi's first acts on becoming ruler was to secure the Russian Master's agreement to recognise his eldest son as Heir Apparent and successor. This left him facing insurrections led by his half-brothers. Prince Farnavazi allied himself to the fearsome Lezgins and devastated parts of the kingdom. His other brothers, ensconced on the large domains assigned to them by their late father, ignored his authority and fermented rebellion. Devoid of stomach for any contest, the dying ruler was persuaded to resign his kingdom to the Russian Master. This he did in return for the recognition of himself and his own heirs as titular Kings of Georgia. However, while his envoys were in Russia still negotiating the terms of the new treaty, Emperor Paul decided to annex the kingdom outright. He issued a manifesto unilaterally annexing the realm to the Russian crown on 18th January 1801

1801-02 Politically Active Dowager Queen Miriami of Kakheti and Kakhet
The widow of Giorgi XII (1798-1801), she was one of the leaders of the fight against the Russian annexation. The Russian military detachment sent to put the annexation announced in 1801 into effect did not arrive in Tiflis until April 1802. At first the Russians faced considerable opposition, and she stabbed and killed the Russian Governor General Lazarev  when he came in to persuade her to move to Moscow. Soon afterwards, Prince Davit, King Giorgi's Heir Apparent, and several members of the Royal Family were deported to Russia. 


Circa 60 Queen Regnant Phytodoris


Around 1795 Governor Queen Ana Jambakur-Orbeliani of Imerati
Widow of
King Davit II of Imerati and Amierati (1756-82-92-95), who was forced to abandon his throne when attacked by King Irakli II of Georgia. She abandoned her children and was appointed as Governor. (1765- 1832).

From 1804 Regent Dowager Duchess Nino Bagrationi
For Duke of Dukes Lewan V

1853-57 Regent Dowager Duchess Katarina Chavchavadze
For Duke of Dukes Nikolaus


1573 Regent Dowager Princess Dedis Imedi



Last update 24.02.14